Islamic Economic Area

EENI- School of International Business

Module: The Economic Area of the Islamic Civilisation (or Muslim). Syllabus:

The module: “The Economic Area of the Islamic Civilisation” consists of six parts:

  1. Islam as the unifying factor of the Islamic Civilisation
    1. Introduction to Islam
    2. The Islamic Community in the World (Ummah)
    3. Islam and Business
    4. Muslim Personalities
  2. The Economic Area of the Islamic Civilisation
    1. Muslim Business People
    2. Major Economic Institutions of the Islamic Civilisation
    3. The Arab Economic Area (PDF)
    4. The Central Eurasian Economic Area (PDF)
    5. The Malay Economic Area
    6. The Maghrebian Economic Area (PDF)
    7. The African Economic Area (*)
  3. Economic Integration of the Islamic Civilisation (Economic Organisations, Trade Agreements)
    1. Trade Preferential System of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    2. Integration in the Arab Area
    3. Integration in the Central Eurasian Area
    4. Integration in the Malay Area
    5. Integration in the Maghrebian Area
    6. Trade Agreements and institutions covering all the economic areas of the Islamic Civilisation
  4. Interactions of the Islamic Civilisation with the other civilisations
    1. The African Civilisation
    2. The Hindu Civilisation
    3. The Western Civilisation
    4. The Sinic Civilisation
    5. The Buddhist Civilisation
    6. The Orthodox Civilisation
  5. Businesspeople of the Islamic Economic Area
    1. Arabs
    2. Asiatic
    3. Maghrebians
  6. Economic institutions related to the Islamic Civilisation

Important note: the countries with Muslim majorities of Sub-Saharan Africa (with their agreements, institutions, Business People) are analysed in the module “The African Civilisation” because of its growing economic integration with the rest of the African economies.

The module “The Economic Area of the Islamic Civilisation” is studied...
  1. Doctorates: Ethics, Religions, and Business, Islamic Countries, Asia, and Africa
  2. Masters (online): International Business, Muslim Markets, Asia, and Economic Relations

Languages of study English or French Civilisation Islamique Portuguese Civilizações Spanish Civilización Islámica

  1. Credits of the module “The Economic Area of the Islamic Civilization”: 4 ECTS
  2. Duration: four weeks

The purposes of the module “The Islamic Economic Area” are the following:

  1. To define the characteristics of the Economic Area of the Islamic Civilisation
  2. To understand the influence of Islam on the Islamic Economic Area
  3. To know the economic profile of the Muslim Countries
  4. To understand the processes of economic integration of the Islamic Civilisation
  5. To analyse the main Muslim Business People
  6. To explore the economic relationships of the Islamic Civilisation with the other civilisations (Western, Sinic, Buddhist, Hindu, Orthodox, and the African)
  7. To analyse the main economic organisations related to the Islamic Economic Area

Five Pillars of Islam

Observation

This module presents a summary on Islam, Muslim Business People, regional agreements and institutions related to the Islamic Economic Area... The detailed analysis of each of them is carried out in its corresponding subject.

Subjects of the module “The Economic Area of the Islamic Civilisation”

Islam as the unifying factor of the Islamic Civilisation.

Islam

  1. Introduction to Islam
  2. Sunnis and Shies
  3. Five pillars of Islam
  4. Human Rights in Islam
  5. Sharia
  6. Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh)
  7. Principles of the Islamic Economics
  8. Islamic Banking
  9. The Muslim Countries
  10. The Islamic Community in the World (Ummah): Africa, Asia, India, the ASEAN
  11. Muslim Personalities: Tawakkol Karman (Nobel Peace Prize), Haifa Al-Mansour, Lubna Bint Khalid Al Qasimi, Reem Ebrahim Al-Hashimi, Hayat Sindi, Hanan Al Kuwari, Hichem Djaït, and Muhammad Yunus

Major Economic Institutions of the Islamic Civilisation.

  1. Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (Formed by fifty-seven Muslim Countries around the world)
    1. Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation
    2. Islamic Centre for the Development of Trade
    3. Islamic Chamber of Commerce
    4. Economic and Social Research and Training Centre
  2. Islamic Development Bank (OIC member countries)
  3. Arab League (formed by twenty countries in the Middle East and North Africa)

The Islamic Economic Area. The economic profile of the countries of the Islamic Civilisation

From the economic integration of the Islamic Civilisation; we can identify the following economic areas grouping thirty-two Muslim Countries:

The Arab Economic Area.

  1. The Arab Economic Area consists of twelve countries:
    1. The Gulf Cooperation Council member countries (United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, and Kuwait)
    2. Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Iraq, and Yemen
  2. The Central State is Saudi Arabia
  3. Arab is the common language

The Central Eurasian Economic Area.

  1. The Economic Area of Central Eurasia consists of twelve countries: Azerbaijan, Albania, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, and Uzbekistan
  2. Because of its economic integration with these countries, its included Bangladesh and the Maldives
  3. It is not clear which country is the Central State; Turkey, Iran or Pakistan could be
  4. NOTE: 170 millions of the Indians are Muslims; Islam is the second religion in India. However, from this analysis, India belongs logically to the Hindu Civilisation

The Malay Economic Area.

  1. The Malay Economic Area consists of the three ASEAN Muslim Countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei)

The Maghrebian Economic Area

  1. The Maghrebian Economic Area consists of the five countries of the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU): Morocco, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya; and the Western Sahara
  2. Culturally we could consider North Africa as part of the Islamic Civilisation (Sunnite), but from the economic integration also of the African Civilisation
  3. Arabic and French are the main languages in the Maghreb.

The African Economic Area.

  1. The African Economic Area consists of the Muslim-majority African Countries: Somalia, Djibouti, Niger, Senegal, Mali, Guinea, the Gambia, Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Eritrea, and Guinea-Bissau
  2. These countries are framed within the African Civilisation due to its full integration with the rest of the African Countries

Businesspeople in the Islamic Economic Area.

Arab Business People.

  1. HRH Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal
  2. Sulaiman Al-Rajhi
  3. Mohammed Hussein Ali Al-Amoudi
  4. Yusuf Bin Ahmed Kanoo
  5. Nasser Al Kharafi
  6. Mohammed Al-Barwani
  7. Mohamed Bin Issa Al Jaber
  8. Abdul Aziz Ghurair
  9. Majid Al Futtaim
  10. Jawad Ahmed Bukhamseen

Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal (EENI Master Honoris Causa)
EENI delivers to HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal a Master Honoris Causa.

Arab Businesswomen.

  1. Lubna Olayan
  2. Shaikha Al Bahar
  3. Haifa Al-Mansour
  4. Amina Al Rustamani
  5. Shaikha Al Maskari
  6. Randa Ayoubi
  7. Maha Al-Ghunaim
  8. Ayah Bdeir

Asian Muslims Business People

  1. Mian Muhammad Mansha
  2. Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno
  3. Dewan Yousuf Farooqui
  4. Muhammad Abdul Mannan
  5. Tan Sri Mokhtar
  6. Salman F Rahman
  7. Islamic Revolutionary Guard and the Bonyads in Iran

Maghrebians Muslims Business People.

  1. Othman Benjelloun
  2. Aziz Akhannouch
  3. Ali Haddad
  4. Mohamed Hassan Bensalah
  5. Miloud Chaabi
  6. Mohamed Ali Harrath
  7. Anas Sefrioui

Summary of the module - The Economic Area of the Islamic Civilisation.

The Islamic Civilisation had existed since the 7th century BC when Muhammad proclaimed Islam.

Islam and the concept of the Islamic Community (the Ummah) are the unifying factors. We also observe the trends towards the economic integration of their economies, such as the Gulf Cooperation Council as well as the growth of the Islamic Economy and Finance.

Islam is the second religion in the World by the number of followers:

  1. 1.57 billion people are Muslim
  2. 23% of the World's population practices Islam
  3. Only 15% of the Muslims are Arabs
  4. 20% lives in the MENA region (the Middle East and North Africa)
  5. 62% of the World's Muslim population lives in Asia
  6. Furthermore, 300 million Muslims live in countries where Islam is not the majority religion: China, India, and Russia

Islam, on the other hand, shares borders with all the faiths in the World:

  1. With Christianity in the east and south of Europe and the entire strip of the Southern African Sahel
  2. With Hinduism in India itself, along with Zoroastrianism, Jainism, and Sikhism
  3. With Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism in eastern and northern China and much of Southeast Asia
  4. With the Jews in Palestine

Map Civilisations and integration

This central position with these religions generates strong political tensions, but it is also an opportunity for the Islamic Civilisation and the rest of the World. No other civilisation shares more borders with other religions, which may allow that the Islamic Civilisation can play a unique role in the inter-religious relations.

From a socio-cultural and historical view; we should consider two distinct spaces.

  1. The Sunni area. With Saudi Arabia as the central state. From the economic integration within the space Sunnite we can identify four sub-areas:
    1. The Arab area, covering the Middle East countries
    2. The Malay area (Southeast Asia), formed by three countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei Darussalam, all ASEAN members
    3. The Turkic area (Turkey), formed by the countries of the influence of the Turkic culture (Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan)
    4. The Maghrebian area: Morocco, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya
    5. The African area
  2. The Shiite area (Iran). Iran is the Central State of the Shiite space. The following countries have Shiite majorities: Iran (90% of the population), Iraq (65%), Azerbaijan (70%), and Bahrain (70%)
  3. Other countries with significant Shiite communities are the Lebanon (30% of the population), Yemen (40%), Kuwait (30%), India, Turkey (20%), Pakistan (20%), Afghanistan (15%), and Saudi Arabia (15%)

Samples - Islamic Civilisation

Lubna Olayan Businesswoman Saudi Arabia

Doing Business in Bahrain

Sheikha Lubna Qasimi

Sulaiman Al-Rajhi Saudi Businessman

Othman Benjelloun Moroccan Business People

Greater Arab Free-Trade Area GAFTA

Council Gulf (Arabic)

CAREC Asia Central

Arab Maghreb Union (AMU)

Islamic Revolutionary Guard (Iran)

Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Jawad Ahmed Bukhamseen Kuwaiti Businessman

Ali Haddad Algerian Businessman

Hichem Djaït (Tunisian Historian)

Salman F Rahman Bangladeshi Businessman

Location of the Islamic Civilisation.

Civilisations and Economic Integration



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