Islamic Economic Area (Master, Doctorate)

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Module: Economic Area of Islamic Civilisation (or Muslim).

The module: “Economic Area of Islamic Civilisation” consists of six parts:

  1. Islam as the unifying factor of Islamic Civilisation
    1. Introduction to Islam
    2. Islamic Community in the World (Ummah)
    3. Islam and Business
    4. Muslim Personalities
  2. Economic Area of Islamic Civilisation
    1. Muslim Business People
    2. Major Economic Institutions of Islamic Civilisation
    3. Arab Economic Area (PDF)
    4. Central Eurasian Economic Area (PDF)
    5. Malay Economic Area
    6. Maghrebian Economic Area (PDF)
    7. African Economic Area (*)
  3. Economic Integration of Islamic Civilisation (Economic Organisations, Trade Agreements)
    1. Trade Preferential System of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    2. Integration in the Arab Area
    3. Integration in the Central Eurasian Area
    4. Integration in the Malay Area
    5. Integration in the Maghrebian Area
    6. Trade Agreements and institutions covering all economic areas of Islamic Civilisation
  4. Interactions of Islamic Civilisation with other civilisations
    1. African Civilisation
    2. Hindu Civilisation
    3. Western Civilisation
    4. Sinic Civilisation
    5. Buddhist Civilisation
    6. Orthodox Civilisation
  5. Businesspeople of Islamic Economic Area
    1. Arabs
    2. Asiatic
    3. Maghrebians
  6. Economic institutions related to Islamic Civilisation

Important note: Sub-Saharan Africa countries with Muslim majorities  (with their agreements, institutions, Business People) are analysed in the module “African Civilisation” because of its growing economic integration with the rest of African economies.


The module “Economic Area of Islamic Civilisation” is part of the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Business School & HA University:
  1. Doctorates: Ethics, Religions, and Business, Islamic Countries, Asia, Africa, Foreign Trade
  2. Masters: International Business, Muslim Markets, Asia, Economic Relations
  3. Bachelors of Science: Inter-African Business, International Trade

Online Arab Student, Master International Business

Learning materials in Master in International Business in English or Study, Master in International Business in French Civilisation Islamique Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Civilização Islâmica Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Civilización Islámica

  1. Credits of the module “Economic Area of the Islamic Civilization”: 4 ECTS
  2. Duration: four weeks

The purposes of the module “Islamic Economic Area” are the following:

  1. To define the characteristics of the Economic Area of Islamic Civilisation
  2. To understand the influence of Islam on Islamic Economic Area
  3. To know the economic profile of Muslim Countries
  4. To understand the economic integration process of Islamic Civilisation
  5. To analyse the main Muslim Business People
  6. To explore economic relationships of Islamic Civilisation with other civilisations (Western, Sinic, Buddhist, Hindu, Orthodox, and African)
  7. To analyse the main economic organisations related to the Islamic Economic Area

Five Pillars of Islam (Doctorate)





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Observation

This module presents a summary on Islam, Muslim Business People, regional agreements and institutions  related to the Islamic Economic Area. The detailed analysis of each of them is carried out in its corresponding subject.

Subjects of the module “Economic Area of Islamic Civilisation”

Islam as the unifying factor of Islamic Civilisation.

Islam and Business (Doctorate, Master)

  1. Introduction to Islam
  2. Sunnis and Shies
  3. Five pillars of Islam
  4. Human Rights in Islam
  5. Sharia
  6. Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh)
  7. Principles of Islamic Economics
  8. Islamic Banking
  9. Muslim Countries
  10. Islamic Community in the World (Ummah): Africa, Asia, India, the ASEAN
  11. Muslim Personalities: Tawakkol Karman (Nobel Peace Prize), Haifa Al-Mansour, Lubna Bint Khalid Al Qasimi, Reem Ebrahim Al-Hashimi, Hayat Sindi, Hanan Al Kuwari, Hichem Djaït, and Muhammad Yunus

Major Economic Institutions of Islamic Civilisation.

  1. Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (Formed by fifty-seven Muslim Countries around the world)
    1. Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation
    2. Islamic Centre for Development of Trade
    3. Islamic Chamber of Commerce
    4. Economic and Social Research and Training Centre
  2. Islamic Development Bank (OIC member countries)
  3. Arab League (formed by twenty countries in the Middle East and North Africa)

Islamic Economic Area. Economic profile of the countries of Islamic Civilisation

From the economic integration of Islamic Civilisation; we can identify the following economic areas grouping thirty-two Muslim Countries:

Arab Economic Area.

  1. Arab Economic Area consists of twelve countries:
    1. Gulf Cooperation Council member countries (United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, and Kuwait)
    2. Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, Iraq, and Yemen
  2. The Central State is Saudi Arabia
  3. Arabic is the common language

Central Eurasian Economic Area.

  1. The Economic Area of Central Eurasia consists of twelve countries: Azerbaijan, Albania, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, and Uzbekistan
  2. Because of its economic integration with these countries, its included Bangladesh and the Maldives
  3. It is not clear which country is the Central State; Turkey, Iran or Pakistan could be
  4. NOTE: 170 million of the Indians are Muslims; Islam is the second religion in India. However, from this analysis, India belongs logically to Hindu Civilisation

Malay Economic Area.

  1. Malay Economic Area consists of the three ASEAN Muslim Countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei)

Maghrebian Economic Area

  1. Maghrebian Economic Area consists of the five countries of the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU): Morocco, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya; and Western Sahara
  2. Culturally we could consider North Africa as a part of Islamic Civilisation (Sunnite), but from the economic integration also of African Civilisation
  3. Arabic and French are the main languages in the Maghreb.

African Economic Area.

  1. African Economic Area consists of Muslim-majority African Countries: Somalia, Djibouti, Niger, Senegal, Mali, Guinea, the Gambia, Egypt, Sudan, Chad, Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Eritrea, and Guinea-Bissau
  2. These countries are framed within African Civilisation due to its full integration with the rest of African Countries

Businesspeople in Islamic Economic Area.

Arab Business People.

  1. HRH Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal
  2. Sulaiman Al-Rajhi
  3. Mohammed Hussein Ali Al-Amoudi
  4. Yusuf Bin Ahmed Kanoo
  5. Nasser Al Kharafi
  6. Mohammed Al-Barwani
  7. Mohamed Bin Issa Al Jaber
  8. Abdul Aziz Ghurair
  9. Majid Al Futtaim
  10. Jawad Ahmed Bukhamseen

Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal (EENI Master Honoris Causa)
EENI delivers to HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal a Master Honoris Causa.

Arab Businesswomen.

  1. Lubna Olayan
  2. Shaikha Al Bahar
  3. Haifa Al-Mansour
  4. Amina Al Rustamani
  5. Shaikha Al Maskari
  6. Randa Ayoubi
  7. Maha Al-Ghunaim
  8. Ayah Bdeir

Asian Muslim Business People

  1. Mian Muhammad Mansha
  2. Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno
  3. Dewan Yousuf Farooqui
  4. Muhammad Abdul Mannan
  5. Tan Sri Mokhtar
  6. Salman F Rahman
  7. Islamic Revolutionary Guard and the Bonyads in Iran

Maghrebians Muslim Business People.

  1. Othman Benjelloun
  2. Aziz Akhannouch
  3. Ali Haddad
  4. Mohamed Hassan Bensalah
  5. Miloud Chaabi
  6. Mohamed Ali Harrath
  7. Anas Sefrioui

Description of the module - Economic Area of Islamic Civilisation.

Islamic Civilisation had existed since the 7th century BC when Muhammad proclaimed Islam.

Islam and the Islamic Community concept (the Ummah) are the unifying factors. We also observe the trends towards the economic integration of their economies, such as the Gulf Cooperation Council as well as the Islamic Economy and Finance growth.

Islam is the second religion in the World by number of followers:

  1. 1.57 billion people are Muslim
  2. 23% of the World's population practices Islam
  3. Only 15% of Muslims are Arabs
  4. 20% lives in the MENA region (Middle East and North Africa)
  5. 62% of the World's Muslim population lives in Asia
  6. Furthermore, 300 million Muslims live in countries where Islam is not the majority religion: China, India, and Russia

Islam, on the other hand, shares borders with all World's faiths:

  1. With Christianity in the east and south of Europe and the entire strip of Southern African Sahel
  2. With Hinduism in India itself, along with Zoroastrianism, Jainism, and Sikhism
  3. With Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism in eastern and northern China and much of Southeast Asia
  4. With Jews in Palestine

Map Civilisations and integration

This central position with these religions generates strong political tensions, but it is also an opportunity for the Islamic Civilisation and the rest of the World. No other civilisation shares more borders with other religions, which may allow that the Islamic Civilisation can play a unique role in inter-religious relations.

From a socio-cultural and historical view; we should consider two distinct spaces.

  1. Sunni area. With Saudi Arabia as the central state. From the economic integration within Sunnite Area we can identify four sub-areas:
    1. Arab area, covering the Middle East countries
    2. Malay area (Southeast Asia), formed by three countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei Darussalam, all ASEAN members
    3. Turkic area (Turkey), formed by the countries of influence of Turkic culture (Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan)
    4. Maghrebian area: Morocco, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya
    5. African area
  2. Shiite area (Iran). Iran is the Central State of the Shiite space. The following countries have Shiite majorities: Iran (90% of the population), Iraq (65%), Azerbaijan (70%), and Bahrain (70%)
  3. Other countries with significant Shiite communities are Lebanon (30% of the population), Yemen (40%), Kuwait (30%), India, Turkey (20%), Pakistan (20%), Afghanistan (15%), and Saudi Arabia (15%)

Samples - Islamic Civilisation

Lubna Olayan Businesswoman Saudi Arabia, Course

Course: Doing Business in Bahrain

Sheikha Lubna Qasimi (Emirates, Master)

Sulaiman Al-Rajhi Saudi Businessman (Course)

Othman Benjelloun Moroccan Business People (Master)

Greater Arab Free-Trade Area GAFTA (Master)

Council Gulf (Arabic)

CAREC Asia Central

Arab Maghreb Union (AMU, Online Course)

Islamic Revolutionary Guard (Iran)

Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Jawad Ahmed Bukhamseen Kuwaiti Businessman (Course)

Ali Haddad Algerian Businessman (Course)

Hichem Djaït (Tunisian Historian, e-Doctorate)

Salman F Rahman Bangladeshi Businessman (Course)

Location of Islamic Civilisation.

Civilisations and Economic Integration (Online Course)

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