EENI Global Business School.

Doing Business in Syria

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Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in Syria - Damascus.

  1. Introduction to the Syrian Arab Republic (Middle East);
  2. Doing Business in Damascus;
  3. Syrian Economy;
  4. Business Opportunities in Syria;
  5. Syrian Foreign Trade;
  6. Foreign Direct Investment in Syria;
  7. Access to the Syrian Market;
  8. Business Plan for Syria.

The objectives of the subject “International Trade and Business in the Syrian Arab Republic” are the following:

  1. To analyze the Syrian Economy and Global Trade;
  2. To know the business opportunities in the Syrian Arab Republic;
  3. To explore the Syrian trade relations with the country of the student.

International Trade and Business in Syria

Trade and Business in the Middle East. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Online Student Master in International Business

The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Syria” belongs to the following Online Higher Educational Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Masters (MIB): International Business, Foreign Trade.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB) - Online Education

Doctorate (DIB): Islamic Business, World Trade.

Professional Doctorate in International Business (DIB). Online Education

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorate in International Business and Foreign Trade in English or Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Siria Study, Course Master Doctorate in International Business in French Syrie.

Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Syria”: 1 ECTS Credits

Syria, Masters, Doctorate, Courses, International Business, Foreign Trade Master in International Business for the Syrian students.

International Trade and Business in Syria.

Civil war in Syria.

Global Transport and Logistics. Online Education (Course, Doctorate, Master)

Transport Corridors related to Syria
  1. International North-South Transport Corridor (India-Russia);
  2. Access to the:
    1. Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA);
    2. Islamabad-Tehran-Istanbul Rail and Road Corridor (ITI-ECO);
    3. Trans-Caspian Trade and Transit Corridor (Central Corridor).

Market Access - Free Trade Agreements. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Syrian Preferential Access and Free Trade Agreements:

  1. Syria and the Arab Economic Area;
  2. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Emirates, Jordan, Iran...;
  3. Turkey-Syria Free Trade Agreement;
  4. Greater Arab Free-Trade Area (GAFTA);
  5. Islamic Trade Preferential System (TPS-OIC);
  6. Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA);
  7. Syria-European Union:
    1. European Neighborhood Policy;
    2. Euro-Mediterranean Partnership.

Greater Arab Free-Trade Area GAFTA: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Carriage of Goods by Sea (Hamburg Rules) Maritime Transport

Islamic Organizations. Arab League. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Islamic Organizations:

  1. Arab League (LAS);
  2. Summit of South American-Arab Countries (ASPA);
  3. Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED);
  4. Islamic Development Bank (IsDB);
  5. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA);
  6. Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC);
  7. Arab Development Funds;
  8. Afro-Arab Cooperation;
  9. Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA);
  10. Arab Trade Financing Programme (ATFP).

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Globalization and International Organizations

Global Organizations:

  1. United Nations (UN)
    1. Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD);
    2. International Trade Centre (INTRACEN);
    3. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
  2. World Bank (WB);
  3. World Trade Organization (WTO);
  4. International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Trade Preferential System TPS Organization of Islamic Cooperation

The Syrian Arab Republic.

  1. Syrian Population: 17 million people;
  2. Capital of Syria: Damascus;
  3. Syrian largest city: Aleppo;
  4. Arabic is the language of 90% of the population and the official language of Syria;
  5. The Syrian Arab Republic shares borders with Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, and Lebanon;
  6. Area of Syria: 185,180 square kilometers.

Religion in Syria.

  1. 70% of the Syrian are Muslims Sunni, 15% Shiites and 10% are Christians;
  2. The main school of Islamic Jurisprudence is the Hanafi.

Syria belongs to the Arab Economic Area (Islamic Civilization).

Islam and Global Business. Islamic Economic Areas. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Syrian Economy

Important Note: The Arab region is undergoing deep changes, many countries are changing rapidly, some to more open economies, and others not. In the case of Syria, the civil war situation makes it extremely complex to do business in Syria. Furthermore, it is hard to reflect these socio-political changes on the course content.

  1. Syrian Petroleum industry accounted for 23% of the Syrian GDP;
  2. Syrian manufacturing sector accounts for only 6% of the GDP, employing 11% of the population;
  3. In a medium and long-term (beyond petroleum and gas sector) could open up opportunities for the foreign direct investment in the food sector;
  4. In the Syrian Arab Republic products must be labeled indicating the country of origin;
  5. Labeling: bilingual (Arabic and English), especially for consumer goods is advised;
  6. Currency of Syria: Syrian Pound (SYP).

Arab Trade Financing Programme

Foreign Trade (Importing, Exporting) Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Syrian Foreign Trade

  1. Top suppliers of the Syrian Arab Republic: Italy, Germany, France, Turkey, Ukraine, Saudi Arabia, and the United States;
  2. Top export markets of the Syrian Arab Republic: Germany, Italy, France, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Turkey;
  3. The Syrian Arab Republic is not a member of the World Trade Organization;
  4. The import duties are very high.

Syrian Regional Institutions and Trade Agreements.

Syria has Trade Agreements with Saudi Arabia (1972), Egypt (1990), Kuwait (1991), Lebanon (1998), the United Arab Emirates (2000), Qatar (2000), Iraq (2001), and Jordan (2002). The trade agreement with Turkey will lead to a Free-Trade Area.

Arab League (Arabic, Master, Doctorate)

(c) EENI Global Business School (1995-2023)
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