Doing Business in Syria

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Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Doing Business in Syria - Damascus.

  1. Introduction to the Syrian Arab Republic (the Middle East)
  2. Doing Business in Damascus
  3. Syrian Economy
  4. Business Opportunities in Syria
  5. Syrian Foreign Trade
  6. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Syria
  7. Access to the Syrian Market
  8. Introduction to Arabic
  9. Business Plan for Syria

The objectives of the subject “Foreign Trade and Doing Business in the Syrian Arab Republic” are the following:

  1. To analyse the Syrian economy and foreign trade
  2. To evaluate the business opportunities in the Syrian Arab Republic
  3. To explore Syria's trade relations with the country of the student

Civil war in Syria.

The Subject (e-learning) “Doing Business in Syria” is part of the following Higher Education Programs (EENI- School of Business & HA University):
  1. Masters (e-learning): International Business, Muslims Countries
  2. Doctorate in Business in the Islamic Markets
  3. Course: Middle East

Master in International Business for Syrian students

Learning materials in Higher Education in English or Tertiary Education in Spanish Siria Post-secondary Education in French Syrie

Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Doing Business in Syria”: 0.5 ECTS Credits

ماجستير في التجارة الخارجية و التسويق الدولي

Doing Business in Syria

Description of the Subject (Online Learning): International Trade and Doing Business in Syria.

The Syrian Arab Republic.

  1. Syrian Population: 17 million people
  2. Capital of Syria: Damascus
  3. The largest city: Aleppo
  4. Arabic is the language of the 90% of the population and the official language
  5. The Syrian Arab Republic shares borders with Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel, and Lebanon
  6. Area: 185.180 square kilometres

Religion in Syria.

  1. 70% of the Syrian are Muslims Sunni, the 15% Shiites and the 10% Christians
  2. Main school of Islamic Jurisprudence is the Hanafi

Syria belongs to the Arab Economic Area of the Islamic Civilisation.

Syrian Economy

Important Note: The Arab region is undergoing profound changes, many countries are changing rapidly, some to more open economies, and others not. In the case of Syria, the civil war situation makes it extremely complex to do business in Syria. Furthermore, it is hard to reflect these socio-political changes on the course content.

  1. The Syrian Petroleum industry accounted for 23% of Syria's GDP.
  2. The Syrian manufacturing sector accounts for only 6% of GDP, employing 11% of the population
  3. In a medium and long-term (beyond the petroleum and gas sector) could open up opportunities for the foreign direct investment (FDI) in the food sector
  4. In the Syrian Arab Republic products must be labelled indicating the country of origin. Labelling bilingual (Arabic and English), especially for consumer goods is advised
  5. Currency: Syrian Pound (SYP)

Syrian Foreign Trade

  1. Top suppliers of the Syrian Arab Republic: Italy, China, Russia, Germany, France, Turkey, Ukraine, Saudi Arabia, and the United States
  2. Top export markets of the Syrian Arab Republic: Germany, Italy, France, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Turkey
  3. The Syrian Arab Republic is not a member of the World Trade Organisation. The import duties are very high

Syria's Regional Institutions and Trade Agreements.

Syria has Trade Agreements with Saudi Arabia (1972), Egypt (1990), Kuwait (1991), Lebanon (1998), the United Arab Emirates (2000), Qatar (2000), Iraq (2001), and Jordan (2002). The trade agreement with Turkey will lead to a Free-Trade Area.

  1. Arab League
  2. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Turkey (pending) and Iran
  3. Summit of South American-Arab Countries (ASPA)
  4. Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
  5. European Neighbourhood Policy
  6. Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED)
  7. Islamic Development Bank
  8. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
  9. Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    1. Trade Preferential System (TPS-OIC)

Trade Preferential System TPS Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED)

Arab League (Arabic)



(c) EENI- Business School & Hispano-African University of International Business