Doctorate in Business
in Muslim Countries
EENI - Business School.
Doctorate in International Business (DIB)
specialization in Islamic Countries (e-learning)
The objectives of the Doctorate in International Business (DIB)
specialization Muslim Countries (3 years, 180 ECTS, distance
learning) are to train doctoral students to be able to research
on topics related to business in the Islamic economic area
(Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Europe): intra-Islamic trade, Islamic
finance and economy, economy of the Muslim countries, regional integration of
the Islamic countries, Islamic Civilization, or the leading Islamic financial
Thus, a doctoral student can apply creative solutions and make business
decisions related to the Islamic economic area.
The Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries is part of the category of
Professional Doctorates in International Business (DIB), which have the dual aim of
contributing to the knowledge and practice.
Structure of the Doctorate in International Business (DIB)
specialization Muslim Countries
The Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries has
1- Coursework. Study of subjects (Training
activity) of the Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries: minimum 20 ECTS, maximum 60 ECTS
- Doctoral students receive training in relevant research methods and
their subject areas core topics.
- Students are required to take a range of courses.
The doctoral student must perform a training activity (training
complement) consisting of some subjects defined according to
their previous studies and the research area selected (related to the
Islamic economic area). The Supervisor
of the Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries determines the complementary training according to the field of investigation. Doctoral students can choose the subjects from those offered
by EENI with a minimum of 20 ECTS (10 AC credits) and a maximum of 60 ECTS.
Applicants who have completed the Master in Business in Muslim Countries
of EENI shall be exempt from any complement training, beginning
the research phase directly.
Subjects offered by EENI (Global Business School).
EENI provides a range of subjects related to the Islamic economic area.
The doctoral student can select the most suitable subjects depending on the
thesis to be realized. The doctoral student selects the
subjects once formalized the enrollment.
To facilitate the selection of subjects, these are organized into several
Program of the Doctorate in International Business (DIB)
specialization Muslim Countries.
- Business. Businesspeople
- Islamic Economic Area
- Arab Economic Area. The Middle East
- Central Eurasian Economic Area
- Malay Economic Area (ASEAN)
- Islam in India
- Maghribian Economic Area
- African Economic Area (West and East Africa)
- Islam in Europe
- Islamic Economic Institutions
- Islamic International Relations
- Economic Integration of the Islamic Civilization
- Combating corruption in business in Muslim countries
Please, see below for more detailed information about available courses.
2- Research Work and Thesis Plan (40 ECTS) of the Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries.
With the support of the thesis supervisor (Director), the doctoral
student must perform the appropriate research that will lead to the
realization of his thesis plan of the Doctorate in Business in Muslim
Countries. The doctoral student must prepare and submit a thesis plan related to
the Islamic economic area, which, as a minimum, should include the provisional
title of the thesis, the objectives pursued, the methodology to be used and the
means and schedule.
The doctoral student must study the module "Research methodology"
which will introduce to the method of preparation of a thesis.
Examples of research topics related to the Islamic economic area:
ethical principles of Islam, Islam and businesses, Sunni and Shi'a, the Ummah
(Muslim Community), economic impact of Zakat, Islamic jurisprudence (Fiqh),
implementation of the Sharia law in Muslim countries and their implications on business,
Islam and globalization, Islamic countries in the global economy, contributions
of the principles of the Islamic economy, Islamic finance and banking, profile
of the Islamic consumer, Muslim women and business, Arab Official Development
Assistance (ODA), Arab Development Funds, human rights in Islam, economic areas
of the Islamic Civilization, Arab economic area, Central Eurasian economic area,
Malay economic area (ASEAN), the Maghrebian area, African economic area (West and
East Africa), central states of the Islamic Civilization, interactions between
economic Islamic areas, economic relations with other civilizations, the
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the Ummah (Islamic Community), the
role of the Arab League, Export financing scheme of the Islamic Development
Bank, Islamic common market, Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA), implications
of the trade preferential system among the Member States of the OIC (OIC-TPS),
strengths and weaknesses of the Arab Countries, information technology and
intra-Islamic trade, foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Islamic economic
area, Islamic value chain, the private sector development, international relations
of the Muslim countries, Muslim frontier markets, emergence of Muslim
businesspeople, corruption in the Islamic economic area, trade relations with Asia (China, India, BRICS, Africa)...
EENI highly appreciated that the results of the thesis could benefit the
development of the African continent.
EENI highly appreciated the results of the thesis could benefit
the development of the Muslim countries as well as build
bridges for dialogue between Islamic Civilization and other
3- Thesis and Defense of the Thesis (120 ECTS) of
the Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries.
Under the supervision of the Director of the thesis, the doctoral student
develops and presents the research results obtained. The doctoral student
can select their subject areas within the research parameters proposed by EENI,
creating a thesis that it must be completely original and own, which will
be published on the EENI’s platform built for this purpose.
The Directorate may authorize the deposit of the thesis like a compendium of
publications if the requirements established by the Directorate are
Video conference performs the defense of the thesis.
In the admission process, the Supervisor of the Doctorate will assign a
tutor to the Doctoral student, who will be the responsible for coordinating
the activity of the student in the doctoral program.
Furthermore, a thesis supervisor (Director) is assigned. The
Director of the thesis will guide the student in planning the thesis, and he
is the ultimately responsible for the consistency and novelty of the thesis.
The Director of the thesis could be selected by the student from the EENI’s
team of doctors or freely by the student if he/she has a doctoral degree.
The tutor and the Director can match. Co-direction of the thesis is also
Director of Doctorates in International Business (DIB)
EENI delivers to HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal a Master Honoris Causa.
Request for information of the Doctorate in Business
in Muslim Countries
Languages of the Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries. All subjects offered
are available in English; approximately 40% of the subjects are also available in French, Spanish, and/or Portuguese. Thus, the doctoral student can perform
this doctorate entirely in English (or French, Spanish or Portuguese); students
should have a sufficient level to study the subjects in these languages.
Duration of the training period: maximum of three calendar years since
the formalization of enrollment up to the deposit of the thesis. If, after the
period of three calendar years the doctoral student has not deposited the
thesis, the Direction of the doctorate program may authorize an extension of up
to two years.
- Tuition and Fees of the Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries: 5,220 Euros (all included)
- Scholarships. 40% reduction for students from Africa (and the African Diaspora) and
Asia. Fees for these students: 3,123 Euros (1,044 Euros/year)
- Please request for scholarships for other regions (Europe, the Middle East,
Download the syllabus of the Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries (PDF)
Admission Criteria. To be admitted to the Doctorate in Business in Muslim Countries, students must have earned a master's degree or
have a minimum of three years of work experience in relevant positions in the field
of international business.
Graduate students in the Master in Business in Muslim Countries of EENI can
enroll directly on the Doctorate in International Business specialization Muslim
validating all the subjects already studied on the master.
Doctoral Diploma. Students who pass the assessments and the thesis
will receive the Diploma of Doctorate in International Business (DIB)
specialization Muslim Countries issued by EENI.
The diploma of doctorate is awarded after assessing:
- The level of participation of the doctoral student in the subjects
of the doctoral program
- The research work
- The defense of the thesis
Once defended and overcome the thesis, doctoral students will receive the
diploma of "Doctorate in International Business (DIB) specialization Muslim
issued by EENI.
Graduates and professionals who wish to continue their professional career in the field of international business with an emphasis on Islamic economic area.
Our continuous enrollment system allows students enroll at any time and
study from anywhere in the world without any displacement.
Methodology: e-learning/Distance Learning.
Video - My experience at EENI
Knowledge area: Islam - Asia-Africa.
Markets analyzed in the Doctorate in International Business specialization Muslim Countries:
Islamic Economic Area
- The degree of economic interconnection between the countries
of the Islamic economic space is slight, except for the Muslim
countries that belong to an integration block as the Gulf Cooperation
- The main institution is the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
- Trade Preferential System among the OIC Member States
- All Arab Countries belong to the Arab League.
- In general, economic relations with of the Muslim countries with other civilizations are poorly developed.
- Islamic Banking and finance (according to Sharia) are
becoming increasingly important in Islamic countries.
The Islamic economic area represents a population of about 1,600
million Muslims (23% of humanity, 200 million in 1900)
- Between 75 and 90% of Muslims are Sunni,
and the rest are Shi'a.
- Asia (Central Asia, Southeast Asia) represents 62% of the
world's Muslim population and 25% of the Asian population (1,100
- In ASEAN, Islam represents 42% of the population (241
- All the countries of Central Asia have Muslim majorities.
- Iran is a “Shiite Muslim country“
- The four nations with the largest Muslim populations are Indonesia, Pakistan,
India, and Bangladesh
- In India; they are living near 172 million Muslims
- The Middle East: only 15% of the world's Muslim population is
- Saudi Arabia is the leading regional economy and one of
the "spiritual leaders" of Sunni Islam. Headquarters of the Islamic
Development Bank and the OIC are in Jiddah.
- Africa. Approximately, 422 million Africans (40%
of the African population) are Muslims (Sunni majority)
- African countries with a Muslim population of over 90%: Algeria,
Gambia, Guinea, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Western
Sahara, Senegal, Somalia, Tunisia, Djibouti.
- African countries with a Muslim population between 50% and 90%:
Burkina Faso, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone,
- Nigeria, Africa's biggest economy, has about 50% of
- About 300 million Muslims live in countries
where Islam is not the largest religion: China, India, and Russia.
This doctorate only includes India (third Muslim population in the
- Europe. Islam is the second religion in Europe; about 44 million Muslims live in Europe (6% of the
- European countries OIC members: Albania and Turkey.
- America. Guyana belongs to the OCI
Some 290 million people speak Arabic, the language of reference of
the Ummah (Islamic Community), Arabic is the fifth language in the world.
- Arabic is an official language in Arabia, Algeria,
Bahrain, Qatar, Egypt, UAE, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya,
Morocco, Mauritania, Oman, Palestine, Syria, Sudan, Yemen, and Tunisia.
- Arabic is also co-official in Chad, Comoros, Western
Sahara, Somalia, and Djibouti.
EENI's Muslims Students
Research areas of the Doctorate in International Business
(DIB) specialization Muslim Countries:
- The doctoral student should select the most appropriate subjects for his
- The doctoral student can use any possible combination of subjects
- Minimum ECTS to be selected is 20, and the maximum is 60.
- NOTE: Brackets show
Islam: pillars, Islamic economics, business,
businesspeople, Arab Development Funds
Islam and business
- Five pillars of Islam
- Sunni and Shi'a Muslims
- Islamic Jurisprudence
- Islamic Economics and Banking
- Economic Impact of Zakat
- Introduction to Arabic
- The Ummah (Islamic Community) in the world
- Islam in the globalized economy
- Human Rights in Islam
- Negotiation in Muslim countries
- Muslim entrepreneurs
- Credits of the module "Islam": 5 /2.5
Download the module syllabus: "Islam" (PDF)
Arab Development Funds
- Arab official development assistance
- Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA)
- Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
- Arab Monetary Fund
- Saudi Fund for Development
- Arab Trade Financing Program
- OPEC Fund
- Abu Dhabi Fund for Development
- Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development
- Arab Gulf Program for United Nations Development Organizations
- Credits of the module "Arab Development Funds": 1 /0.5
- Download syllabus
Islamic Economic Area
- Islam as a common factor of the Islamic Civilization
- Economic Areas of the Islamic Civilization
- Arab Economic Area 
- Central Eurasian Economic Area 
- Malay Economic Area
- Maghribian Economic Area 
- African Economic Area
- West African Economic Area 
- Central African Economic Area 
- East African Economic Area 
- Economic Integration of the Islamic Civilization
- Interactions of the Islamic Civilization with other civilizations
- Credits: 9 /4.5
Economic organizations related to Islamic Countries (5 ECTS)
- Arab League 
- Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) 
- Islamic Development Bank 
- Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) 
- Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry
- Islamic Center for the Development of Trade
- Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRIC)
- Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (COMCEC)
- Trade Preferential System among the Member States of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (TPS-OIC)
- Credits: 5 /2.5
Download the syllabus of the subject: "Islamic Institutions" (PDF)
Free Trade Agreements (FTA)
related to the Muslim countries:
- Agadir Agreement
Islamic international relations:
- Summit of South American-Arab Countries (ASPA) [0.5]
- Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED) [0.1]
- Africa-Asia Strategic Partnership [0.2]
- Colombo Plan [0.1]
- Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD)
- Boao Forum for Asia [0.1]
- Forum India-Africa [0.5]
- Africa-BRICS Countries [0.3]
- The Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA) [0.5]
- The European Union: Generalized System of Preferences,
- Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
The Middle East (24 ECTS)
- Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) [1.2]
- Bahrain 
- Kuwait 
- Oman 
- Qatar 
- Saudi Arabia :
Central State of the Islamic Civilization?
- The United Arab
- Countries not a members of the CCG
- Jordan 
- Lebanon 
- Syria [0.5]
- Yemen 
- Arab women and business: Shaikha Lubna Bint Khalid Al Qasimi, Lubna Olayan, Amina Al Rustamani, Hayat Sindi, Haifa Al Mansour, Reem Ebrahim Al-Hashimi, Tawakkol Karman, Ayah Bdeir, Shaikha Al Bahar, Randa Ayoubi, Shaikha Al Maskari, Hanan Al Kuwari,
and Maha Al Ghunaim
- Muslim Businessperson of the Middle East: HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, Sheikh Mohammed Hussein Ali Al Amoudi, Sheikh Mohamed Bin Issa Al Jaber, Sulaiman Al Rajhi, Nasser Al Kharafi, Abdul Aziz Ghurair, Yusuf Bin Ahmed Kanoo, Majid Al Futtaim, Mohammed Al Barwani,
and Jawad Ahmed Bukhamseen
Download the module syllabus "Doing Business in the Middle East" (PDF)
Asian Muslim Markets.
- The Ummah (Muslim Community) in Asia
- Asian Muslim Businesspeople: Muhammad Yunus, Sandiaga Salahudin
Uno, Mian Muhammad Mansha, Muhammad Abdul Mannan, Dewan Yousuf
Farooqui, Salman Rahman, Tan Sri Mokhtar, Wipro Azim Premji, and Yusuf Hamied.
- Relationships of the Islamic Civilization with Japanese, Hindu,
Buddhist, and Sinic civilization.
- Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) 
- Asian Development Bank 
- Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC) (0.1 ECTS)
- Asian Clearing Union (ACU) [0.1]
- South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) [0.1]
- Initiative of the Bay of Bengal (BIMSTEC) [0.1]
- South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) (SASEC) [0.1]
- Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)
- Bangladesh (149
million Muslims) 
- The Maldives [0.5]
Muslim countries of the ASEAN:
- Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) 
- Islam in ASEAN: 42% of the population
of the ASEAN
- ASEAN Economic Community
- ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA)
- Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT)
- East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA)
- Brunei Darussalam 
- Indonesia : the
country with the largest Muslim population in the world.
- Malaysia 
- Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) 
- Transpacific Strategic Agreement (TPP)
- Asia-Europe Economic Meeting (ASEM) [0.1 ECTS]
- Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC) [0.1]
- Download the module syllabus: "Muslim countries of the ASEAN" (PDF)
- Iran : Muslim country
with a Shiite majority.
- Islamic Revolutionary Guard
- Uzbekistan 
- Pakistan 
- Kyrgyz Republic 
- Kazakhstan 
- Turkmenistan 
- Tajikistan 
- Turkey 
- Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) [0.1]
- Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) [0.4]
- Organization for Economic Cooperation (OCE) [0.1]
- Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC) [0.5]
- Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States [0.1]
- Eurasian Economic Union [0.2]
- Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC)
- Download the module syllabus:
"Central Asia" (PDF)
- India (14% of the Indian population is Muslim - 172 million
Muslims, the second religion in India and the third country in the
world by the number of Muslims)
- Islam in India
- Hindu-Muslim Businesspeople: Azim Premji and Yusuf Khwaja Hamied
- Influence of Islam in Hindu civilization
- Sikhism (syncretic religion between Islam and Hinduism)
- Note: EENI offers to students different subjects related to
India (26 ECTS).
Download the syllabus "India" (PDF)
- Islam in Africa
- African Muslim historians 
Key economic institutions in Africa:
- African Union (AU) 
- New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) [0.7]
- Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) 
- African Development Bank [1.3]
Download the syllabus "African institutions" (PDF)
Other African organizations:
- Cooperation Africa - Arab Countries [0.2]
- Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA)
- Organization for the Harmonization of Business Law in Africa (OHADA) 
- Tripartite Agreement COMESA-EAC-SADC [0.1]
- African Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) [0.5]
- Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) [0.1]
The Maghreb (9 ECTS)
- Arab Maghreb Union (AMU) [0.7]
- Algeria 
- Morocco 
- Tunisia 
- Mauritania [0.5]
- Libya [0.5]
- Maghrebian Ports
- Maghrebian Businesspeople: Ali Haddad, Othman Benjelloun, Anas Sefrioui, Aziz Akhannouch, Miloud Chaabi,
and Mohamed Hassan Bensalah
Download the syllabus "the Maghreb" (PDF)
Muslim countries of West Africa.
In West Africa, 50% of the population is Muslim.
- Islam in West Africa.
- Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) 
- West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) 
- West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ)
- Niger Basin Authority [0.1]
- Organization for the Development of the Senegal River [0.2]
- Mano River Union
- Burkina Faso 
- Gambia 
- Guinea 
- Guinea-Bissau [0.5]
- Mali 
- Nigeria : 50% of Muslim population, first African Economy.
- Niger 
- Senegal 
- Sierra Leone 
- Nigerian Muslim Businessperson: Alhaji Aliko Dangote (the richest African), Dr. Amina Odidi, Tunde Folawiyo, Hajia Bola Shagaya, Adewale Tinubu, Dr. Alhaji Muhammadu Indimi, Olufemi Otedola,
and Abdulsamad Rabiu.
- West African ports [1.5]
- Download the syllabus "West Africa" (PDF)
Regional Integration in West Africa:
EENI in Burkina Faso
Muslim countries of Central Africa
- Chad 
- Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) [0.5]
East African Muslim countries.
- Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) 
- Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) [0.1]
- Initiative of the Nile Basin
- Comoros [0.5]
- Djibouti 
- Egypt 
- Eritrea [0.5]
- Somalia [0.5]
- Sudan 
- Kenya , Tanzania  and Mozambique  also
have significant Muslim populations.
- Businessperson in East Africa: Mohamed Ibrahim, Mohamed Mansour, Hassan Abdalla, Said Bakhresa, Tarek Talaat Moustafa, Reginald Mengi, Mohammed Hussein Ali Al Amoudi, Minoush Abdel-Meguid, Ahmed Mekky, Osama Abdul Latif, Iman,
and Naushad Merali
- East African ports
Download the syllabus "East Africa" (PDF)
Regional Integration in East Africa:
- Islam in Europe
- Azerbaijan .
Turkey  (Turkey-EU Customs Union)
- Regional Organization for Democracy and Economic Development
- Black Sea Economic Cooperation [0.2]
- Black Sea Synergy
- Economic Commission for Europe [0.2]
Fight against corruption in business in Muslim countries
Download the module syllabus "Not to Corruption" (PDF)
The main markets analyzed on the Doctorate in Business
in Muslim Countries: Saudi Arabia, the Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, Yemen, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Brunei
Darussalam, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, Egypt, Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda, Azerbaijan,
The main institutions related to Islamic countries analyzed on the Doctorate in Business
in Muslim Countries:
the League of Arab States, the Economic Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA), the Islamic Development Bank, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the Economic and Monetary Union of West Africa, the Economic Community of West African States, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the Black Sea
Synergy, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN, the Asian Clearing Union, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Economic Cooperation Organization, the Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEc),
and the Asia Economic Commission.
Samples of the Doctorate in International Business
specialization Muslim Countries: