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Fiqh - Islamic Jurisprudence

Syllabus of the Sub-subject: Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) - Islam.

  1. Introduction to the Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh)
  2. Islamic Law Development based on the Koran and the Hadiths
  3. Sunni schools of the Islamic Jurisprudence:
    1. Fiqh-al-Hanafi
    2. Fiqh-al-Maliki
    3. Fiqh-al-Shafi
    4. Fiqh-al-Hambali
The Sub-subject “Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)” is part of the following programs:
  1. Masters: International Business, Muslims Countries
  2. Doctorates (Online): Ethics, Religion, and Business, Islamic Countries

Learning materials in English or Spanish Fiqh French Fiqh (Jurisprudence islamique) Portuguese Islão

Sample of the Sub-subject: Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) - Islamic Civilisation
Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence)

Description of the Sub-Subject: Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh).

Fiqh (jurisprudence) represents the development of the Islamic Law from the various interpretations that have been given to the legal sources of Islam (the Koran, the Hadith).

Fiqh includes categories that regulate the human behaviour in society and relation to God. Thus, the behaviour of the faithful can range from what is forbidden (haram) to the obligatory (Fard), going through the disapproved (makruh), the neutral (mubah) or the recommended (tahabb).

The Five Pillars of Islam (Profession of Faith, Prayer, Charity (Zakat), Fasting, Pilgrimage to Mecca) mark the obligations (Fard) of the Muslim.

According to the Sharia (and the country), the breach of any of these obligations may be legal offence or crime.

Fiqh or jurisprudence is represented by the Sunnis, in four schools:

1) Fiqh-al-Hanafi (Hanafi)

  1. It is the largest of the schools, approximately 45% of all Sunni Muslims follow the Hanafi School of Fiqh.
  2. In general, the Hanafi School is the most open and flexible. The main Hanafi countries are Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Pakistan, India, China, and Russia.

2) Fiqh-al-Maliki (Maliki)

  1. The Maliki School of Jurisprudence is part of the official legal codes of the State of Kuwait, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates.
  2. Main Maliki countries are Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Mauritania, Kuwait, Oman, Libya, Sudan, and Egypt.

3) Fiqh-al-Chafiy (Shafi)

  1. The School Fiqh-al-Shafi is recognised as the official school of the governments of Brunei and Malaysia.
  2. The Indonesian Government used this law school for the development of the Sharia.
  3. Main countries are Egypt, South of the Arabian Peninsula, Tanzania, Kenya, Djibouti, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and the Philippine.

4) Fiqh-al-Hamball (Hambali)

  1. The Hambali School is considered as the more puritanical and strict of Islam, the interpretation of the Koran and tradition must always be literal, not having a margin for interpretation
  2. The Hambali School has expanded from the Arabian Peninsula
  3. Main Hambali countries: Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Yemen.

It should be noted that a Muslim must adhere to only one of these schools, cannot belong to more than one, and neither can be changed from one to another.

 Human Rights in Islam

Religions, ethics, and business

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