Sub-subject: Human Rights in Islam. The Cairo Declaration. Syllabus:
علان القاهرة لحقوق الإنسان في الإسلام
Sample of the sub-subject: Human Rights in Islam (Islamic Civilisation)
Sub-Subject Description: Human Rights in Islam
The “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” United Nations (1948) has been very criticised by many Muslims especially from Sudan, Pakistan, Iran, and Saudi Arabia, because does not take into consideration the cultural, religious and historical reality, not only of Islam but all the non-Western countries, and therefore they classify it as a declaration of the West.
Some Muslims even believe that this declaration is not compatible with the Sharia.
Many people have described as a response of Islam to the West.
Therefore, in 1990, all the countries of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation adopted the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam that as we can verify is mainly based on the Sharia and the concept of “Islam as vicegerent of Allah on earth.”
“All human beings form one family whose members are united by submission to God and descent from Adam. All men are equal regarding basic human dignity and basic obligations and responsibilities, without any discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, language, sex, religious belief, political affiliation, social status or other considerations.”
This declaration is a guide for all aspects of life.
“Fundamental rights and universal freedoms in Islam are an integral part of the Islamic religion.”
The reference to Sharia in the Cairo Declaration is continuous, in some cases, the rights of women are lower than men's, and based on the concept of the supremacy of Islam.
“All the rights and freedoms stipulated in this Declaration are subject to the Islamic Shari'ah.” (Article 24).
The family is the foundation of society.
The woman is equal to man in human dignity.”
The non-Muslims living in the Muslim Countries with implementation of all or part of the Sharia can see it as a cut of their fundamental freedoms.
The signatories of the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam were: Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, the Comoros, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Arab Emirates, Gabon, the Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Morocco, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Yemen, and Djibouti.