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Human Rights in Islam


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Syllabus of the Subject

Human Rights in Islam. Cairo Declaration

  1. Introduction to the Human Rights in Islam
  2. The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam promulgated by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
  3. The Pillars of the Cairo Declaration: The Sharia and the concept of “Islam, as a representative of Allah on earth”
  4. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UN) and the Cairo Declaration

Human Rights in Islam (Islamic Civilization)
Human Rights in Islam

Online Arab Student, Master International Business

The Subject “Human Rights in Islam. Cairo Declaration” belongs to the following Online Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Course: Islam & Business.

Islam and Global Business. Islamic Economic Areas

Masters: International Business, Religions & Business.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB)

Doctorate: Ethics, Religion & Business, Islamic Business.

Doctorate in International Business (DIB) Online

Languages: Masters, Doctorate, International Business, English or Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Islam Derechos Humanos Study Doctorate in International Business in French Droits de l'homme en Islam Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Islão.

Why study “Islam and Business”?.

علان القاهرة لحقوق الإنسان في الإسلام

Human Rights in Islam

The “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” United Nations (1948) has been very criticized by many Muslims especially from Sudan, Pakistan, Iran, and Saudi Arabia, because does not take into consideration the cultural, religious and historical reality, not only of Islam but all the non-Western countries, and therefore they classify it as a declaration of the West.

Some Muslims even believe that this declaration is not compatible with the Sharia.

Many people have described as a response of Islam to the West.

Therefore, in 1990, all the member countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation adopted the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam that is mainly based on the Sharia and the concept of “Islam as the representative of Allah on the earth.”

“All human beings form one family whose members are united by submission to God and descent from Adam. All men are equal regarding the basic human dignity and basic obligations and responsibilities, without any discrimination on the grounds of race, color, language, sex, religious belief, political affiliation, social status or other considerations.”

The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam is a guide for all the aspects of life.

“The fundamental rights and universal freedoms in Islam are an integral part of Islam.”

The reference to the Sharia in the Cairo Declaration is continuous, in some cases, the rights of women are lower than men's, and based on the concept of the supremacy of Islam.

“All the rights and freedoms stipulated in this Declaration are subject to the Islamic Shari'ah.” (Article 24).

The family is the pillar of the society.

the woman is equal to man in human dignity.”

The non-Muslims living in the Muslim Countries with the implementation of all, or part, of the Sharia can considerer it as a cut of their fundamental freedoms.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights can be considered as universal or as Western-Christian, and the Cairo Declaration as Muslim. There is not any Hinduism or Buddhist declaration.

However, it is clear that both declarations share common values.

The signatories of the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam were Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, the Comoros, Ivory Coast, Egypt, the Emirates, Gabon, the Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Morocco, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Yemen, and Djibouti.

Religions and Business.

Gita-Ramakrishna Institute.

(c) EENI Global Business School (1995-2023)
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