Human Rights in Islam

EENI- School of International Business

Sub-subject Sub-subject: Human Rights in Islam. The Cairo Declaration. Syllabus:

  1. Introduction to Human Rights in Islam
  2. The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam promulgated by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
  3. Sources of the Cairo Declaration: the Sharia and the concept “Islam, as a representative of Allah on earth.”
  4. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UN) and the Cairo Declaration

علان القاهرة لحقوق الإنسان في الإسلام


Sub-subject “Human Rights in Islam. Cairo Declaration” is studied...
  1. Masters (e-learning): International Business, Muslims Countries
  2. Doctorates: Religion and Business, Islamic Countries

Learning materials in English or Spanish Islam Derechos Humanos French Islam Portuguese Islam

Sample of the sub-subject: Human Rights in Islam (Islamic Civilisation)
Human Rights in Islam

Description Sub-Subject Description: Human Rights in Islam

The “Universal Declaration of Human RightsUnited Nations (1948) has been very criticised by many Muslims especially from Sudan, Pakistan, Iran, and Saudi Arabia, because does not take into consideration the cultural, religious and historical reality, not only of Islam but all the non-Western countries, and therefore they classify it as a declaration of the West.

Some Muslims even believe that this declaration is not compatible with the Sharia.

Many people have described as a response of Islam to the West.

Therefore, in 1990, all the countries of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation adopted the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam that as we can verify is mainly based on the Sharia and the concept of “Islam as vicegerent of Allah on earth.”

“All human beings form one family whose members are united by submission to God and descent from Adam. All men are equal regarding basic human dignity and basic obligations and responsibilities, without any discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, language, sex, religious belief, political affiliation, social status or other considerations.”

This declaration is a guide for all aspects of life.

“Fundamental rights and universal freedoms in Islam are an integral part of the Islamic religion.”

The reference to Sharia in the Cairo Declaration is continuous, in some cases, the rights of women are lower than men's, and based on the concept of the supremacy of Islam.

“All the rights and freedoms stipulated in this Declaration are subject to the Islamic Shari'ah.” (Article 24).

The family is the foundation of society.

The woman is equal to man in human dignity.”

The non-Muslims living in the Muslim Countries with implementation of all or part of the Sharia can see it as a cut of their fundamental freedoms.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights can be considered as universal or as Western-Christian, and the Cairo Declaration as Muslim. There is not any Hinduism or Buddhist declaration.

However, it is clear that both declarations share common values.

The signatories of the Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam were: Albania, Algeria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Benin, Brunei, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, the Comoros, Ivory Coast, Egypt, Arab Emirates, Gabon, the Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, the Kyrgyz Republic, Lebanon, Libya, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Morocco, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Palestinian Territories, Qatar, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Yemen, and Djibouti.

Religions, ethics, and business

U-EENI University