Subject (Course): The Maghrebian Economic Area. Syllabus:
- Introduction to the Maghrebian Economic Area
as part of the Islamic Civilisation
and the African Civilisation
- Islam in the Maghrebian Economic Area
- Economic Profile of Maghrebian countries
- Businesspeople in the Maghrebian Economic Area
- Logistics in the Maghreb
- Interactions of the Maghrebian Economic Area with the rest of African Economic Areas (West Africa, Central Africa, Southern Africa, and East Africa)
- Interactions of the Maghrebian Economic Area with the economic areas of other civilisations
- Economic institutions related to the Maghrebian Economic Area
Objectives of the subject “The Maghrebian Economic Area”:
- To understand the influence of Islam in the Maghrebian Economic Area
- To define the economic characteristics of the Maghrebian Economic Area
- To know the economic profile of the countries of the Maghreb
- To understand the processes of economic integration in the Maghrebian Economic Area
- To analyse main businesspeople in the Maghreb
- To explore the economic relationships with the others economic areas of the different civilisations
- To analyse the main economic institutions related to the Maghrebian Economic Area
Subject Description: Maghrebian Economic Area:
The Maghrebian Economic Area consists of the five countries of the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU):
- Furthermore, of the Western Sahara
Sunni Islam (Maliki) is the main religion of the Maghrebian Economic Area.
Culturally we could consider North Africa as part of the Islamic Civilisation (Sunnite), but from the point of view of economic integration also of the African Civilisation.
- Arabic and French are the most spoken languages in the Maghreb.
- Tamazight is the language of the Berbers
- 87 millions of people live in the Maghreb.
- Most populous country is Algeria (40 million people), followed by Morocco (33)
- The largest economy (GDP) is Algeria, followed by Morocco and Tunisia
- All Maghrebian countries were former colonies of European powers (France, Spain, and Italy)
- Significant effects of the Arab Spring
- Absolute instability in Libya
- Influence of the Sahara is crucial in the Maghreb
- The Maghrebian Diaspora in France and Spain
- Hichem Djaït is an outstanding
Tunisian Muslim historian.
Top ten Maghrebians cities (millions of people).
- Casablanca (3,3)
- Algiers (2,3)
- Fes (1.1)
- Nouakchott (0.9)
- Tangier (0.9)
- Tripoli (0.9)
- Marrakesh (0.9)
- Sale (0.8)
- Oran (0.8)
- Tunisia (0.6)
The largest Maghrebian ports are Port of Casablanca, Port of Algiers, and
Port of La Goulette.
Trans-Saharan corridors crossing through the Maghreb:
Tripoli-Windhoek, Dakar-Lagos, Algiers-Lagos, Cairo-Dakar Corridor (Mauritania).
Businesspeople in the Maghrebian Economic Area: Othman Benjelloun, Anas Sefrioui, Mohamed Hassan Bensalah, Ali Haddad, Issad Rebrab, Aziz Akhannouch, Miloud Chaabi, Mohamed Ali Harrath
The main Maghrebian integration process is the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU).
- Mauritania and Tunisia has a trade agreement
The main integration agreements with others economic areas.
- Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) (Morocco, Mauritania, and Tunisia)
- Morocco and Tunisia belong to the Arab Mediterranean Free Trade Agreement (Agadir)
- Trade Preferential System (OIC-TPS)
- United States-Morocco Agreement
- Morocco and Tunisia
have Free Trade Agreements with Turkey
- Jordan has FTAs with Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia
- Iran has a free trade agreement (FTA) with Algeria
- Mauritania has an agreement with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
- Libya is a member of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the Tripartite Agreement COMESA-EAC-SADC, and the agreement COMESA-United States
- The European Union and the Maghreb
- Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED) (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, and Mauritania)
- European Neighbourhood Policy (Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia)
- Association Agreement Algeria - European Union
- Mauritania is a beneficiary of the Cotonou Agreement
- The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) has a trade agreement with Morocco
Economic institutions related to the Maghrebian Economic Area.
- Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
- Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation
- Islamic Centre for the Development of Trade
- Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry
- Statistical, Economic and Social
Research and Training Centre
- Islamic Development Bank
- Arab League
- Afro-Arab Cooperation
- Arab Development Funds
- Africa-Asia Strategic Partnership
- Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) (Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, and Tunisia)
- All the countries in the Maghreb are part of the African Union (except Morocco), the Economic Commission for Africa (CEA), the African Development Bank, the Summit of South American-Arab Countries (ASPA), and the Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED)
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