African Economic Area

EENI- School of International Business

Module: Economic Area of the African Civilisation. Syllabus:

The module: “The economic area of the African Civilisation” consists of nine parts:

We Trust in Africa

  1. Introduction to the African Civilisation
  2. History of Africa (PDF)
    1. Leadership of Africa in the history of humanity
    2. Slave Trade
    3. Abolition of slavery
    4. African historians
    5. African Diaspora
  3. Key economic institutions of the African Civilisation
    1. The African Union and the NEPAD
    2. African Development Bank
    3. Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
  4. African Business and Economy
    1. Economic Transformation of Africa
    2. Intra-African trade
    3. Economic governance in Africa
    4. Frontier Markets in Africa
    5. Africa: The Next Emerging Continent
    6. Businesswomen and Businessman of the African Economic Area
  5. African Economic Area of the African Civilisation
    1. Nigeria and/or South Africa as the Central States of the African Civilisation
    2. The Economic Profile of the African Countries
    3. African Economic Areas and regional integration in Africa
      1. West African Economic Area (2 ECTS)
      2. Central African Economic Area (1 ECTS)
      3. Southern African Economic Area (1 ECTS)
      4. East African Economic Area (2 ECTS)
      5. Maghrebian Economic Area (1 ECTS)
      6. Download the syllabus of the course “The African Economic Area” (PDF)
  6. Economic Integration of the African Civilisation (Economic Organisations, Trade Agreements)
  7. Transport and Logistics in Africa
  8. Interactions of the African Civilisation with the other civilisations
  9. Other economic institutions related to the African Civilisation

The objectives of the module “African Economic Area” are:

  1. To define the characteristics of the Economic Area of the African Civilisation
  2. To know the economic profile of the African Countries
  3. To understand the influence of Islam and Christianity on the African Economic Area
  4. To understand the processes of economic integration of the African Civilisation
  5. To analyse the main African business people
  6. To know the economic relationships of the African Civilisation with the other civilisations (Western, Sinic, Buddhist, Hindu, Orthodox, and Islamic)
  7. To analyse the main economic organisations related to the African Economic Area

Preliminary Note: Some scholars, especially in the West, prefer not to consider the existence of the African Civilisation. Our view is the opposite: we believe that indeed there is one or more African Civilisations and sub-civilisations, a view shared by almost all African historians. We must also never forget that Africa is the cradle of humanity and from Africa, Homo sapiens colonised the rest of the World.

EENI wish to be part of this African Renaissance and help to explain to the world the fundamental role that Africa has had, has and will have in the history of humanity. Therefore, within this module on the African Civilisation; we have developed a series of subjects (learning units) about the history of Africa (the African historians, the slave trade, the African Diaspora) that allow better understand the African reality.

To understand better the economic situation in Africa, five economic areas of the African Civilisation will be analysed.

The module “The Economic Area of the African Civilisation” is studied...
  1. Doctorates: Ethics, Religions, and Business, Africa
  2. Master in Business in Sub-Saharan Africa
  3. Masters (e-learning): International Business, Economic Relations

Languages of study English or French Civilisation Africaine Spanish Civilización Africana Portuguese Civilizações and integração

Free-Trade Area Africa

Africa: The Next Emerging Continent

Markets analysed:
Doctorate Doing Business in Africa

Subjects of the module “The Economic Area of the African Civilisation”

1- Introduction to the African Civilisation

  1. The African continent
  2. Geography of Africa
  3. The African ethnic groups
  4. Africa's major languages: English, French, Portuguese, Arabic, and Swahili. Spanish is the official language of the African Union and Equatorial Guinea
  5. Trends of the African population
  6. Religions in Africa
    1. Islam
    2. Christianity
    3. Animism

2- History of Africa.

  1. Leadership of Africa in the history of humanity
    1. Common African Origin of Humanity
  2. African Prehistory
    1. African Civilisation and the Ancient Egypt
  3. Ancient African Civilisations
  4. Africa (7th to the 11th Century)
  5. Africa (12th to the 16th Century)
  6. Africa (16th to the 18th Century)
  7. Abolition of slavery
  8. Colonial domination
  9. Independence

3- Key economic institutions of the African Civilisation.

African Economic Transformation

Economic Integration of the African Civilisation (Economic Organisations, Trade Agreements)

  1. Agreements and institutions covering all the economic areas of the African Civilisation
  2. Integration in West Africa
  3. Integration in Central Africa
  4. Integration in Southern Africa
  5. Integration in East Africa

The African Economic Area and the integration of the sub-Saharan Africa. The economic profile of the African Civilisation member countries

From the economic integration of the African Civilisation we can identify the following economic areas that bring together fifty-four African Countries:

  1. The West African Economic Area
  2. The Central African Economic Area
  3. The Southern African Economic Area
  4. The East African Economic Area
  5. The Maghrebian Economic Area

Economic Integration of the African Civilisation.

Regional Integration in Africa

  1. The COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Agreement

Twenty-six African Countries of the East African Community (EAC), the Common market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), and the Southern African Development Community (SADC) have created this innovative agreement of African integration that allows creating a market of 527 millions of Africans.

Members COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite

  1. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) consists of
    1. Fourteen countries of Eastern Africa: The Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Sudan, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda
    2. Three nations of Central Africa: Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda
    3. Three Southern African Countries: Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
    4. Libya
  2. The Southern African Development Community (SADC) consists of
    1. Six East African Countries: Malawi, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, the Seychelles, and Tanzania
    2. Two nations of Central Africa: Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    3. Seven Southern African Countries: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
  3. The Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA) consists of the following countries of Francophone Africa:
    1. Nine Western African Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo
    2. Seven nations of Central Africa: Cameroon, the Republic of the Congo, Chad, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    3. One country of East Africa: The Comoros
  4. The International Conference on the Great Lakes Region consists of
    1. Five East African Countries: Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda
    2. Six nations of the Central Africa: Angola, Burundi, the Central African Republic, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda
    3. One country of Southern Africa: Zambia
    4. Guest countries: Botswana, Egypt, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, and Zimbabwe
  5. The Nile Basin Initiative
    1. Seven East African Countries: Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda
    2. Three nations of Central Africa: Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda
    3. Eritrea is an observer country
  6. The Trade Agreement Southern African Development Community (SADC) - Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia (SADC-MMTZ)
  7. The Trade Preferential System among the Member States of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC-TPS)
    1. Of all the African Countries only Morocco has signed the Framework Agreement + PRETAS (Protocol on the Preferential Tariff Scheme) + Rules of origin
    2. Seventeen African nations (Egypt, Guinea, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan, Somalia, Tunisia, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Comoros, Djibouti, Benin, Nigeria, and Ivory Coast) have signed the Framework Agreement + PRETAS
    3. Chad, Gabon, Libya, Senegal, and Uganda only have signed the Framework Agreement
    4. Algeria, Mali, Mozambique, and Togo have not ratified the Agreement yet
  8. The Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD) is mainly composed of African Muslim Countries:
    1. Thirteen Western African Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Togo
    2. Two Central African Countries: The Central African Republic, and Chad
    3. Five nations of East Africa: Egypt, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, and Djibouti
    4. Four countries of the Maghreb: Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, and Tunisia
  9. The Niger Basin Authority consists of
    1. Seven Western African Countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria
    2. Two nations of Central Africa: Cameroon and Chad

Transport and Logistics in Africa.

Transport and Logistics in Africa

  1. Infrastructures in Africa
  2. African Transport Corridors
  3. Marine Transport in Africa
  4. African Value Chains
  5. Information and communication technologies (ICT) and integration in Africa

Interactions of the African Civilisation with the other civilisations.

African International Relations

  1. Islamic Civilisation
  2. Hindu Civilisation
  3. Western Civilisation
  4. Sinic Civilisation
  5. The Buddhist Civilisation
  6. Orthodox Civilisation

Summary of the module - The Economic Area of the African Civilisation.

Africa was the cradle of humanity, and according to the UNICEF “The future of humanity is increasingly African.” The current African population is 1,100 million people. In 2100, will be 4,000 millions of people. In thirty-five years, 25% of the world's population will be African.

South Africa has been the economic engine and the political leader of the African continent, but Nigeria could become the Central State. Nigeria is already the first African economy, ahead of South Africa, and with 1,000 million people in 2100.

There is also no doubt that great civilisations and empires have emerged on African throughout the history of humanity: Nimrod, Carthage, Egypt, African Empires (Ghana, Ethiopia, Mali, Wolof, Songhai)

Maybe if we exclude the Maghreb, Egypt, Sudan, and Djibouti (countries with Muslim majorities, and Arabic race, except the last two), there is no doubt that the rest of the African nations is part a socio-cultural unity.

This African Civilisation is identified in the space and includes Sub-Saharan Africa. Moreover, above all to belong to a black race the primal of humanity, from which humanity descend.

A civilisation in which most of the borders are the result of the post-colonialism, and certainly; they should disappear in the long-term.

A region with common key challenges:

  1. Diseases (AIDS, Malaria...)
  2. Poverty
  3. Lack of infrastructures
  4. Full integration into the global economy
  5. The “Sinicisation” of Africa (i.e., Chinese economic colonisation of Africa)
  6. Inter-Religious clash (Sudan, Nigeria)

Moreover, with great common opportunities:

  1. Negotiation as an African economic bloc to the rest of the World (preferential market access, reduction of subsidies in the EU or the United States)
  2. African Integration
  3. South-South trade, especially with Asia and Latin America
  4. Control of the value chain of exporting raw materials. Stop exporting raw materials to export value-added products
  5. Joint exploitation of the vast African energy resources

A civilisation in which the African Union is playing an essential role.

Two countries can surely become the Central States of the African Civilisation: Nigeria (80 million Muslims and 80 million Christians) and/or South Africa (Christianity).

From a cultural perspective we can identify two areas:

  1. The North Africa area. The Maghrebian space consists of Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, and the Western Sahara, which also belongs to the Islamic Civilisation. Because of its economic integration (COMESA and the tripartite agreement), Egypt and Libya are assigned to the East African Economic Area
  2. The Sub-Saharan Africa area (Nigeria/South Africa)
    1. The Christian area, mainly covering the countries south of the Sahel
    2. The Muslim area, mainly covering the Sahel countries (from Senegal to Sudan)

Map Civilisations and integration

Location of the African Civilisation.

Civilisations and Economic Integration

Samples - African Civilisation

Africa-BRICS Foreign Trade

Transatlantic African Slave Trade

Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa (CEMAC)

Harriet Tubman Abolicionist

H.E. Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma

Methodology and African Prehistory

Trans-Sahelian Highway (Dakar-N’Djamena Corridor)

Hajia Bola Shagaya Nigerian Businesswoman

Alhaji Aliko Dangote Nigerian Businessman

Port of Dar Es Salaam



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