SubjectDescription: The abolitionist movements. The abolition of slavery
American Quakers were the first to condemn the Slavery and the slave trade
Some protagonists of the abolitionism:
- William Wilberforce
- Harriet Tubman
- Frederick Douglass
- Victor Schoelcher
- Olaudah Equiano, African slave and author of an autobiography (1789)
- Society of the Friends of the Blacks (Paris, London - 1787)
- Slaves of Santo Domingo (French colony). 1793:
Abolition of slavery. Toussaint Louverture.
- Haitian Revolution
- Henry David Thoreau
The three key economic factors:
- Adam Smith (British economist): a free worker is more profitable than the slave
- European competition of sugar-cane
- Opening of Asian markets (England)
Sample of the sub-subject: Abolition of slavery
Struggles against the Slave Trade and Slavery. Chronology of the abolition:
Abolition of slavery lasted two hundred years, beginning in 1793
in Santo Domingo. The last country to abolish slavery in 1992 was Pakistan.
- Santo Domingo (1793)
- The United States.
1794: Prohibition of the slave trade (ineffectively). 1863:
Abolition of slavery. 4 millions of slaves released.
- England. 1807: the prohibition of the slave trade. 1833: the emancipation of the slaves (Abolition Bill).
- Foundation of Sierra Leone (1787)
- Denmark (1803). Entered into force in 1848.
- Haiti: 1804
- Trafficking in slaves continued (the United States, Brazil, the colonies of the Caribbean)
- Prussia (1807)
- The Netherlands (1814)
- Congress of Vienna (1815)
- Santo Domingo (1822)
- Foundation of Liberia (1822) by the United States with the released Blacks
- France (1848): the decree of suppression of the slavery. Victor Schoelcher.
- Canada (1834 - Abolition)
- Latin America. Black slaves recruited as soldiers to fight against Spain: Venezuela (1816, Simon Bolívar), Cuba, Chile (1823)
- Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama, Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala (1824)
- Bolivia (1826)
- Mexico (1829)
- Nicaragua (1836)
- Uruguay and Paraguay (1842)
- Tunisia (1846)
- Danish Virgin Islands (1846)
- Martinique, Guadalupe, French Guyana, Reunion (1848)
- Brazil (1850). However, trafficking in slaves continued until 1888
- Colombia and Ecuador (1851)
- Argentina (1853)
- Venezuela, Jamaica and Peru (1854)
- Russia (1861)
- Spain (1866)
- Portugal (1869)
- Puerto Rico (1873)
- Turkey (1876)
- Cuba (1886)
- Korea (1894)
- Madagascar (1896)
- Kenya (1907)
- China (1910)
- Morocco (1922)
- Afghanistan (1923)
- Nepal (1926)
- Iran (1928)
- Bahrain (1937)
- Ethiopia (1942)
- Kuwait (1949)
- Qatar (1952)
- Saudi Arabia and Yemen (1962)
- Oman (1970)
- Mauritania (1981)
- Pakistan (1992)
- Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
- Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (1949)
- Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery (1956)
- Working Group on Contemporary Forms of Slavery (1974)
The United Nations (UN) and the International Labour Organisation (ILO)
consider that the contemporary slavery and forced labour, particularly of
children, affecting at least 200 to 250 millions of people.
Volume VI (Africa in the 19th century until 1880) of the General History of Africa of the UNESCO
analyse the abolition of slavery.
More information (UNESCO): the
routes of the slave.