Module: Civilisations, Religions, and Economic Integration. Syllabus:
(*) Central State (if exist).
Sample of the module - Civilisations, Religions, and Economic Integration
Subject Description: Economic Integration, Civilisations and Religions:
This study is based on analysing current relations between civilisations and the process of economic integration, which as shown are closely related (regionalism).
This new approach developed by EENI based on the study of economic relations between Civilisations will help the student to understand the state of the World better.
This does not mean that the analysis is based on a proselytising vision of any religion, or considering one religion better than other. Nowadays it is clear, the relationship between religions, civilisations influenced by them and the current processes of intra- and inter-civilisation economic integration.
The eight major economic - religious areas.
We are witnessing of the consolidation of a new world economic order; regionalism may be displacing in some aspects to globalisation. The “local and regional” component is every day more critical, especially in the sphere of business and culture. If we look at the world we can identify eight major cultural - religious - economic areas, eight great civilisations usually led by a Central State and they have remained unchanged over the centuries.
Four religions with the largest number of followers (Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism) today represent 77% of humanity. It is estimated that:
Taoism, Confucianism, Zoroastrianism, Jainism, or Sikhism could never become a Universal Church.
Based on the above we could hypothesise the following economic-religious areas:
Western Christian Civilisation.
From the point of view of culture and economic integration; we can identify three distinct economic and cultural areas:
1.57 billion people practices Islam (23% of the world's population). Only 15% of Muslims are Arab (the Middle East). 62% of the World's Muslim population lives in Asia and 20% in the MENA region (the Middle East and North Africa). 300 million Muslims live in countries where Islam is not the majority religion.
Islamic economic areas:
We can consider two cultural distinct areas.
From the cultural point of view, North Africa, Egypt, Sudan, and Djibouti belongs to the Islamic Civilisation (Sunni) and the African Civilisation. However, from the point of view of economic integration belongs mainly to the African Civilisation.
The area of influence of the Sinic Civilisation covers China (Central State), Hong Kong, Japan, Vietnam, South Korea, and Singapore. China is also a BRICS country. In China, Taoism, Confucianism, and Buddhism are the main religions. However, surely, Confucianism is the religion that characterizes the Sinic civilisation.
All scholarships do not accept the existence of the Buddhist Civilisation. Since our approach we will consider that there is a Buddhist civilisation (or emerging) and can be divided into three economic - cultural areas:
Some of these countries can match with the area of influence of the Sinic or the Hindu civilisation.
India is the Central State. India is also a BRICS country. The influence of the Hindu Civilisation is notorious in Nepal, Mauritius, Bhutan, and in East Africa.
Orthodox civilisation represents 35% of European Christians (200 million). Russia (Central State) alone accounts for 19% of Christians in Europe and nearly 5% of the world's Christians. The Orthodox civilisation consists of Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Montenegro, Macedonia, Russia, Romania, Serbia, and Ukraine.
The vast majority of Western historians, except Fernand Braudel, have not considered the existence of an African Civilisation. However, its existence is evident, as demonstrated by the great Senegalese historian Cheikh Anta Diop.
While Africa tends to integration in a continental free trade area; it is clear that there are five distinct areas:
Some scholars include the Japanese civilisation within the Sinic Civilisation. However, many scholars think Japan itself is a civilisation (a subsidiary of the Sinic Civilisation). This civilisation existed since the first century CE.