Hindu Economic Area (Master, Doctorate)

EENI Business School & HA University

Syllabus of the Online Subject: Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation.

The subject: “Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation” consists of seven parts:

  1. Introduction to Indian religions and its relationship with Hindu Civilisation
    1. Hinduism
    2. Islam in India
    3. Sikhism, Jainism, and Zoroastrianism
  2. Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation
    1. India as the Central State of Hindu Civilisation
    2. Countries of the influence area of Hindu Civilisation: Mauritius, Nepal, and Bhutan
  3. Hindu Business People
  4. Economic Integration of Hindu Civilisation (institutions, trade agreements)
  5. Interactions of Hindu Civilisation with other civilisations
  6. Economic Organisations and Trade Agreements related to Hindu Civilisation
  7. Diaspora of Hindu Civilisation

The objectives of the Online Subject “Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation” are the following:

  1. To define the characteristics of the Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation
  2. To analyse the influence of Indian religions on Hindu Economic Area
  3. To know the economic profile of Hindu Countries
  4. To analyse the Businessmen profile of Hindu Civilisation
  5. To understand the economic integration process of Hindu Civilisation
  6. To know economic relationships of Hindu Civilisation with other civilisations (Western, Sinic, Buddhist, Islamic, Orthodox, and African)
  7. To analyse the main economic organisations related to Hindu Economic Area

The eLearning Subject “Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation” is part of the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Business School & HA University:
  1. Courses: Indian Religions and Business, Business in India
  2. Doctorates: Ethics, Religions & Business, Asia, Global Trade
  3. Masters: Asia, Economic Relations, International Business, Foreign Trade, Religions & Business

Learning materials in Master in International Business in English or Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Civilización Hindú Study, Master in International Business in French Civilisation Hindou Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Civilização Buddhist

Why study “Indian Religions and Business”?

Online Student (Master International Business)

  1. Credits of the Online Subject “Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation”: 2 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: two weeks
  3. Download the syllabus “Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation” (PDF)

Related Subjects to the “Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation”

1- Introduction to Indian religions and its relationship with the Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation.

  1. Hinduism
  2. Zoroastrianism
  3. Jainism
  4. Sikhism
  5. Islam in India

2- Hindu Economic Area and the economic profile of the countries of Hindu Civilisation

  1. Introduction to Hindu Economic Area
  2. India as the Central State of Hindu Civilisation
    1. Republic of India. States of India
    2. Indian Economy
    3. Economic Profile of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, New Delhi, and Tamil Nadu
    4. Foreign Direct Investment in India
  3. Countries of the influence area of Hindu Civilisation
    1. Mauritius: a strategic place for business between Africa and India. 54% of Mauritian population is Hindu
    2. Nepal: 81% of Nepalese population is Hindu (23 million of Nepalese)
      1. Jyoti Group
    3. Bhutan. 25% of the population of Bhutan is Hindu
    4. The Indonesian island of Bali has a Hindu majority (93%, 4.2 million of Indonesians). However, this analysis does not include Indonesia (including in Islamic Civilisation)

3- Businesspeople of Hindu Civilisation.

  1. Hinduism Business People: Senapathy Gopalakrishnan, Srichand Hinduja, Kumar Mangalam Birla, Kiran Mazumdar, Shri Mukesh D. Ambani
  2. Muslim Business People: Azim Premji, Yusuf Hamied
  3. Zoroastrian Business People: TATA, Doctor Cyrus S. Poonawalla, Adi Godrej, Nusli Wadia
  4. Jain Business People: Sahu Jain, Bhavarlal Jain, Ajit Gulabchand, Gautam Adani
  5. Sikhs Business People: Jogishwar Singh, Shivinder Singh, Ajaypal Singh Banga
  6. Kenyan Business People of Indian origin: Naushad N. Merali and Bhimji Depar Shah

4- Economic Integration of Hindu Civilisation (Economic Organisations, Trade Agreements)

  1. India-Mauritius Comprehensive Economic Cooperation and Partnership Agreement
  2. India-Bhutan Trade Agreement (commerce and transit)
  3. India-Nepal Trade Agreement
  4. Bhutan, India, and Nepal are members of
    1. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) (with Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. Mauritius is an observer of the SAARC)
    2. Bay of Bengal Initiative (BIMSTEC) (with Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Thailand)
    3. Asian Clearing Union (ACU) (with Bangladesh, Iran, Myanmar, the Maldives, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka)
    4. South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC) (with Bangladesh, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka)
  5. Mauritius and India are members of the Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA) (with eighteen countries)

5- Interactions of Hindu Civilisation with other civilisations.

  1. With Buddhist Civilisation
    1. India has Free Trade Agreements with Sri Lanka, Thailand, Singapore, and South Korea
  2. With Western-Christian Civilisation
    1. With the European Economic Area:
      1. India has a free trade agreement with the European Union and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
      2. Bhutan and Nepal are beneficiaries of the Generalised System of Preferences (SPG) of the EU and eligible for the European Investment Bank
      3. Mauritius has a pre-Agreement with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and belongs to the Africa-European Union Strategic Partnership (European Union)
    2. With American Economic Area:
      1. North American
        1. Mauritius and the United States: African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), COMESA-U.S. Trade and Investment Agreement, Trade Agreement Mauritius-United States
        2. India-Canada
      2. Latin American. Hindu Civilisation has Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with Chile, MERCOSUR, and the Andean Community
      3. The Caribbean. No Hindu country has Trade Agreements with Caribbean Countries
    3. With the area of Oceania: India has a Free Trade Agreement with New Zealand and Australia
  3. With African Civilisation
    1. The Preferential Trade Agreement between India and the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU) (South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Botswana, and Namibia)
    2. Mauritius is a member of:
      1. COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa)
      2. SADC (Southern African Development Community)
      3. COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Agreement
      4. Indian Ocean Commission
    3. Africa-India Cooperation
    4. Africa-BRICS Countries Cooperation
    5. All the countries of Hindu Civilisation are members of the Africa-Asia Strategic Partnership
  4. With Muslim Civilisation:
    1. India has Trade Agreements with Indonesia, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), the Maldives, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, and Pakistan
    2. Nepal has an agreement with Bangladesh
    3. Bhutan has a Free Trade Agreement with Bangladesh
    4. Mauritius has a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Turkey and a Preferential Trade Area with Pakistan
  5. Agreements between the civilisations
    1. Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) (with Bangladesh, China, Korea, Laos, Sri Lanka, and Mongolia)
    2. Agreement between the ASEAN and India

* This subject presented only major FTA related to Hindu Civilisation.

6- Diaspora of Hindu Civilisation.

  1. Hindu Diaspora
  2. Sikh Diaspora
  3. Zoroastrian Diaspora
  4. Jain Diaspora

7- Economic Organisations related to Hindu Civilisation.

  1. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
  2. Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  3. Asia-Europe Economic Meeting (ASEM)
  4. Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED)
  5. Colombo Plan
  6. Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD)
  7. Boao Forum for Asia
  8. African Union (UA)
  9. African Development Bank
  10. New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)
  11. Economic Commission for Africa (CEA)
  12. United Nations (NU)
  13. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  14. World Trade Organisation (WTO)

TATA Group (Zoroastrian, India)

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Paterson Ngatchou: EENI Academic Coordinator for Anglophone Countries
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Description of the Subject - Economic Area of Hindu Civilisation.

India, a continent by itself, is logically the Central State of Hindu Civilisation. India is also a BRICS Country and the largest democracy in the World (1,210 million people).

Hindu Civilisation has a vital strategic location bordering several civilisations: Islamic, Buddhist, Sinic, and African Civilisation (thanks to Mauritius).

To define Hindu Civilisation, we will consider two factors: religious and historical. The current Hindu Civilisation can be regarded as the subsidiary of the ancient Indian (Indo) civilisation (almost 3,000 years old).

Religions that defines Hindu Civilisation

India is the cradle of four religions: Sikhism, Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism, sharing many values such as Ahimsa (Non-Violence), respect for animals and respect for other religions. All these faiths define Hindu Civilisation.

Sri-Ramakrishna, Hinduism (Doctorate Ethics)

Harmony of Religions (e-Doctorate) e-Doctorate: Ahimsa Non-Violence

It is also necessary to consider the importance of Islam and Christianity in India.


Approximately 960 million of Indian follow Hinduism (80% of the Indian Population), making it the third religion in the World by number of believers (behind Christianity and Islam, and ahead of Buddhism and Sikhism). Hinduism is the main religion in twenty-seven States of India.

Hinduism Ethics and Business (Doctorate)

  1. Bhagavad-Gita
  2. Sri Ramakrishna

Islam in India.

About 13% of the Indian Population is Muslim (172 million of Indian Muslims) and is, therefore, the second religion in India by number of followers. There are Muslim majorities in Lakshadweep, Jammu and Kashmir and is also vital in Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Bihar. Almost all Indians are Barelvi (Sunni Hanafi school). Indian Muslims control big business like Wipro or CIPLA laboratories.

When India gained the independence from the British Empire lost two important regions: Pakistan and Bangladesh, which joined Islamic Civilisation.

Hinduism Islam (Doctorate, Religions)

Christianity in India.

2% of the Indian Population is Christian (24 million people).


Sikhism Business

Sikhism represents 1.9% of the Indian Population, especially in Punjab. The recognised moral rectitude of Sikhs promotes the access to relevant executive positions worldwide (Rothchild or Mastercard). Many Hindus recognise Sikhism as the “armed wing” of Hinduism. Approximately, there are twenty-six million Sikhs worldwide.

Director of International Business and Ethics (Doctorate)


Zoroastrianism Business

Although originally from Persia (Iran), Parsees have played a major role in Hindu Civilisation. Zoroastrians are a vital business community in India, TATA group or the Businessman Cyrus Poonawalla are Zoroastrian.

e-Doctorate: Ahimsa Marketing


Although Buddhism was born in India, today just 0.77% of the Indian Population practices Buddhism. However, it is necessary to note that for many Indian, Buddhism is part of Hinduism and recognises Buddha as a divine incarnation.


Jainism and Business (Doctorate Master Course)

Jainism is just barely practised by 0.41% of the Indians (between 5 and 6 million of Jains in India). Despite being a slight community, influential business people are Jainist, such as Indu Jain who controls the newsgroup Times and Bennett, Coleman Co.

Indu Jain (Jainista)

Diaspora of Hindu Civilisation.

It is necessary to consider Hindu Diaspora because they are important players in the business community in many countries.

Furthermore, the following countries, where Hindus often have excellent business relations, must be taken into account:

  1. There are some countries where Hinduism is the second religion: Fiji (28% of the population, 3.9 million people), Guyana (23%), Suriname (20%), Trinidad and Tobago (18%), Sri Lanka (15%), Pakistan (1%, 3.6 million), and Bangladesh (9%, some 15 million Bangladeshis are Hindus)
  2. In Singapore, 6% of the population is Hindu
  3. Influence of Hindu population in East Africa, especially in Kenya (1% of the population), Tanzania, and Uganda. However, these countries belong to African Civilisation
  4. The following countries have small Hindu communities: Australia (2%), Saudi Arabia (1%), Burma (1.5%), the United States (0.5%), Canada (1.6%), Qatar (7%), the Seychelles (2%), Reunion (7%) Malaysia (6%), Bahrain (6%), Kuwait (12%), the United Kingdom (2%), South Africa (2%), the United Arab Emirates (11%), Belize (2%), Oman (4%), New Zealand (2%), and the Philippines (1%)

Sikh Diaspora is important in Canada (1.4% of the population), the United Kingdom (0.8%) and the USA (0.08).

Zoroastrian Diaspora is found mainly in Pakistan.

They are Jainist small communities in Belgium, Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Singapore, and the United States.

Samples - Hindu Civilisation

Cyrus Poonawalla Parsee Businessman (Course Master)

Africa-India Forum Framework for Cooperation

Hinduism Ethics (Master Doctorate)

Azim Premji Indian Businessman (Course Master)

India-Canada Free Trade Agreement (Course)

Mauritius Freeport

South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (Master)

Course Master: Business in Mauritius

South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC, Doctorate)

India-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (Course)

India-Australia Economic Cooperation Agreement (Course Master)

Srichand Hinduja (Hindu Businessman, Course)

Location of Hindu Civilisation.

Civilisations and Economic Integration (Master, Course)

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