Subject (Course): Jainism (Jain Dharma): Ethics and Business (India). Non-violence (Ahimsa). Syllabus:
“Any living organism deserves respect.”
The subject on Jainism is composed of two parts:
2- Jain businesspeople.
The objectives of the subject “Jainism” are:
Sample of the subject - Jainism: Ethics and Business
Subject Description: Jainism: Ethics and Business:
The Jainism (Jaina Dharma) is a religion born in India in the 6th century BCE. In Vaishali (Bihar) as a heresy to Brahmanism. The creator of Jainism was Mahavira (549-477 BCE), a contemporary of Buddha, Confucius, and Lao-tzu. Jain people believe that Mahavira (the Great Hero) was the last one of the twenty-four holy men (jina, winners) who lived before him.
In 2013 the UNESCO declared the Jain scriptures “SHANTINATHA CHARITHRa” as interest and value for humanity, for their contributions to Peace, Non-violence, and brotherhood.
Mahavira's teachings focus on releasing the soul (Jina) of matter and guide it towards a divine consciousness and liberation (Moksha). Jain believes that man is the absolute owner of his destiny.
For the Jainist, the whole universe is alive and therefore has a soul. Stones, animals, clouds, or sun are part of the universe, and therefore must be respected.
For this reason, one of the pillars of Jainism is the concept of Non-violence (Ahimsa), a supreme principle. Like Zoroastrians, thoughts, words, and deeds must strictly observe the principle of Non-violence.
Jain Society is very active in protecting its core values, particularly on the Ahimsa:
Influence of Jainism in the Constitution of India: “Constitution does not permit any citizen to claim that it is his/her fundamental right to take life and kill animals.”
By practising Non-violence, historically has led Jain people to dedicate more to business and trade than agriculture (they think that tilling a field can kill many insects) and livestock. Therefore, they tend to have a much higher education than the average of Indian people. Jain people are extremely dynamics in all aspects of business. Prominent Jainist have participated in the construction of India since independence.
The Jain community is strongly organised in charities organisations that support cultural and educational initiatives and is also somewhat like a “business lobbies.”
Jainism became the official religion in many states of India, but its decline has been remarkable, especially after the Muslim invasion. Approximately there are between 5 and 6 million Jains in India especially in the states of Bengal, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Karnataka. Despite its small number of followers, its influence in politics, economy, and culture of India is crucial.
Jain Symbol Ahimsa = Non-violence.
Other Jain businessperson: