Jainism: Ethics and Business. Ahimsa

EENI- School of International Business

Subject (Course): Jainism (Jain Dharma): Ethics and Business (India). Non-violence (Ahimsa). Syllabus:

Jainism Business

“Any living organism deserves respect.”

The subject on Jainism is composed of two parts:

  1. Introduction to Jainism
  2. Jain businesspeople

1- Jainism

  1. Introduction to Jainism.
  2. The figure of Mahavira
  3. Jain Schools:
    1. Svetambaras
    2. Digambaras
  4. Doctrines of Jainism.
  5. Jain scriptures “SHANTINATHA CHARITHRA”
  6. Fundamentals of Jainism philosophy (“Tattva”).
  7. Twelve votes.
  8. Five pillars of Jainism.
  9. Ethical Principles of Jainism.
  10. Non-violence (Ahimsa)
  11. Respect for all life
  12. Relationships between Jainism and Hinduism
  13. Influence of Jainism in the economic area of the Hindu Civilisation
  14. Jainism and business.

Ahimsa Ethics

2- Jain businesspeople.

  1. Jain family Sahu Jain
  2. Gautam Adani
  3. Bhavarlal Hiralal Jain
  4. Ajit Gulabchand
  5. Anand Jain
  6. Other Jain businessperson

The objectives of the subject “Jainism” are:

  1. To know the fundamentals of Jainism
  2. To understand the ethical principles of Jainism
  3. To analyse prominent Jain business people
  4. To understand the influence of Jainism in the Hindu Civilisation
Subject “Ethics and business of Jainism” is studied…
  1. Professional Doctorates: Ethics, Religion, and Business, Asia
  2. Masters (e-learning): Asia, BRICS Countries, Economic Relations, and Global Business
  3. Course Business in India

Learning materials in En (or Es Jainismo FR Jainisme).

  1. Credits of the subject “Indian Religions - Jainism”: 4 ECTS/2 AC Credits
  2. Duration: 4 weeks
  3. Download the module syllabus: “Religions of India” (PDF)

Sample of the subject - Jainism: Ethics and Business
Jainism Business Ethics

Subject Description: Jainism: Ethics and Business:

The Jainism (Jaina Dharma) is a religion born in India in the 6th century BCE. In Vaishali (Bihar) as a heresy to Brahmanism. The creator of Jainism was Mahavira (549-477 BCE), a contemporary of Buddha, Confucius, and Lao-tzu. Jain people believe that Mahavira (the Great Hero) was the last one of the twenty-four holy men (jina, winners) who lived before him.

In 2013 the UNESCO declared the Jain scriptures “SHANTINATHA CHARITHRa” as interest and value for humanity, for their contributions to Peace, Non-violence, and brotherhood.

Harmony of Religions

Mahavira's teachings focus on releasing the soul (Jina) of matter and guide it towards a divine consciousness and liberation (Moksha). Jain believes that man is the absolute owner of his destiny.

For the Jainist, the whole universe is alive and therefore has a soul. Stones, animals, clouds, or sun are part of the universe, and therefore must be respected.

For this reason, one of the pillars of Jainism is the concept of Non-violence (Ahimsa), a supreme principle. Like Zoroastrians, thoughts, words, and deeds must strictly observe the principle of Non-violence.

Jain Society is very active in protecting its core values, particularly on the Ahimsa:

Influence of Jainism in the Constitution of India: “Constitution does not permit any citizen to claim that it is his/her fundamental right to take life and kill animals.”

By practising Non-violence, historically has led Jain people to dedicate more to business and trade than agriculture (they think that tilling a field can kill many insects) and livestock. Therefore, they tend to have a much higher education than the average of Indian people. Jain people are extremely dynamics in all aspects of business. Prominent Jainist have participated in the construction of India since independence.

The Jain community is strongly organised in charities organisations that support cultural and educational initiatives and is also somewhat like a “business lobbies.”

Jainism became the official religion in many states of India, but its decline has been remarkable, especially after the Muslim invasion. Approximately there are between 5 and 6 million Jains in India especially in the states of Bengal, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Karnataka. Despite its small number of followers, its influence in politics, economy, and culture of India is crucial.

The Jainism

  1. Religion: Jainism (Jaina Dharma)
  2. Founder: Mahavira (549-477 BCE).
  3. God: Tirthankaras
  4. Date: 6th century BCE.
  5. Holy City: Valabhipura, Sravana Belgola (Karnataka)
  6. Sacred texts: “Upanga and Anga,” “Prakimata,” “Mulasutra”
  7. Country: India.
  8. Major schools:
  9. Svetambaras, the “white dresses”
  10. Digambaras, the “naked”

Jain Symbol Ahimsa = Non-violence.

Ahimsa Non-violence

Other Jain businessperson:

  1. Anand Jain (1957) President of Jai Corp Limited.
  2. Lalchand Hirachand Doshi (1904-1993) businessperson (Walchandnagar Industries), philanthropist, and Jain social leader.
  3. Sir Seth Hukum Chand Jain (Indore 1874-1959) businessperson and Jain leader
  4. Vinay Maloo (1961) is the founder and President of Enso Group.
  5. Motilal Oswal, President and General Director of Motilal Oswal Financial Services
  6. Narendra Patni (1943), Founder and President of Patni Computer Systems (Igate).
  7. Anshuman Jain (1963) Co-Managing Director (CEO) of Deutsche Bank.
  8. Naveen K. Jain (1959) founder of InfoSpace, Intelius and Luna Express.

Samples - Jainism

Indu Jain India

Gautam Adani Jain

Bhavarlal Hiralal Jain

Ajit Gulabchand Jain

Ahimsa Jainism

Religions and Ethics: Religions of India (Zoroastrianism, Sikhism).



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