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Zoroastrianism, Ethics and Business

Syllabus of the Subject: Zoroastrianism (Parsees), Ethics and business (India) Doctorate.

Zoroastrianism and Business (Doctorate)

  1. Professional Doctorate in Global Ethics, Religions, and International Business
  2. Master in Religions and International Business

“Good Thoughts, Words, and Deeds.”

The Subject “Zoroastrianism, Ethics and Business” consists of two parts:

  1. Introduction to Zoroastrianism
  2. Zoroastrian Businesspeople

1- Zoroastrianism

  1. Introduction to Zoroastrianism
  2. Zarathustra
  3. Ethical Principles of Zoroastrianism
  4. Non-Violence
  5. Respect for Animals and Environment
  6. The 3H (Good thoughts, words, and deeds) and Business Strategy
  7. Parsees in the World
  8. Influence of Zoroastrianism on the Hindu Economic Area

2- Case Study - Zoroastrian Businesspeople.

  1. Adi Godrej
  2. Cyrus S. Poonawalla, Director of the Serum Institute of India
  3. Wadia Family
  4. Tata Group, the Zoroastrian Business Connection in India

The objectives of the Subject “Zoroastrianism, Ethics and Business” are the following:

  1. To understand the fundamentals of Zoroastrianism
  2. To know the ethical principles of the Parsees
  3. To learn about the influence of Zoroastrianism on business
  4. To analyse the cases of “Zoroastrian” companies and Businesspeople
  5. To understand the influence of Zoroastrianism on the Hindu Civilisation

EENI Global Business School & University, Masters

The Subject “Zoroastrianism, Ethics and Businessbelongs to the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:
  1. Doctorates: Ethics, Religion & Business, Asian Business, World Trade
  2. Masters: Business in Asia, Economic Relations, International Business, Religion & Business
  3. Courses: Indian Religions and Business, Business in India

Online Student Master in International Business

India, Master Doctorate Business EENI Online Masters and Doctorates in Global Business adapted to the Indian Students.

Why study “Zoroastrianism and Business”?

Learning materials in Master in International Business in English or Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Zoroastrismo Study, Master in International Business in French Zoroastrisme

  1. Credits of the Subject “Indian Religions - Zoroastrianism”: 4 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: 4 weeks
  3. Download the syllabus of the module: “Indian Religions” (PDF)

Why study Religions and International Business?

Example of the Subject - Zoroastrianism, Ethics and Business
Zoroastrianism Ethics (Master Doctorate)

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Description of the Subject: Zoroastrianism, Ethics and Business

What do they share the owners of the TATA conglomerate, with the famous music conductor Zubin Mehta, with the top model Nauheed Cyrusi, with Freddy Mercuri, with Ardeshir Darabshaw Shroff (author of the Bombay Plan), with the owner of the largest brewery of Pakistan, with the prominent Indian family Wadia, PhD Poonawalla or with the Godrej Group?

The common factor in all of them is their religion: Zoroastrianism, the religion of Zarathustra, the great reformer. The Parsees have played a major role in the creation of modern India.

Today we can consider that the Gatha, part of the sacred books of the Avesta, is surely the first ethical treaty of Humanity.

If we summarised the Zoroastrian ethics this would be:

“Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds” (3 H Zoroastrian).

Everything created by Ahura is good, badness and goodness are generated in the human being, in his thoughts, and through their words converted in deeds. That is, the kindness should be practised in three areas: in thoughts, in words which express them, and deeds they generate.

Perhaps this concept, together with the respect for the animals and environment and the principle of freedom that we find in the Gatha is a crucial contribution to our research for the principles of a global ethic.

“Goodness and Badness, twin spirits, at the beginning of the universe
They are in the thought, in the deeds and the words,

The wise men will choose goodness and fools will be diverted. The ignorant will choose the worst attitude

Oh, Ahura! I want to be part of You. Among those who renew and make thrive the world” Gatha 3,30

TATA Group (Zoroastrian, India)

Ethical Principles of Zoroastrianism

  1. Good thoughts, good words, and good deeds
  2. Truthfulness, honesty, justice, and righteousness
  3. Universal love
  4. Tolerance
  5. Non-Violence (Ahimsa). Respect for environment and animals

The principle of the non-violence is large enough, and a vital significance for humanity. Moreover, is one of the global ethics principles. Derived from the principle of the Non-Violence; we will find an enormous respect of the Parsees to the animals and environment.

Arising from the above principles, we can identify another feature of the Zoroastrian ethics: honesty and uprightness (righteousness), the guarantee to achieve the happiness. Justice is also a core value of the Zoroastrian people.

Perhaps the core of Zoroastrianism is the capacity of the decision of the man between goodness and badness.

Many of the ethical principles of Zoroastrianism can be found (adapted or modified) in other religions. The principle of the non-violence, the need for good thoughts, words, and deeds or truthfulness are present in the Indian religions like Hinduism and Jainism. In Buddhism, especially Mahayana, there are influences of Zoroastrianism.

It is hard to know the influence of Taoism or Confucianism, but what is certain is that they share many values. It is also crucial the influence on Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.

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  1. Prophet: Zarathustra (568 BCE)
  2. Country of Origin: Persia (Iran)
  3. Holy book: Avesta. Gatha
  4. Zoroastrian Community: Parsees (India)
  5. Good: Ahura Mazda
  6. Followers: between 145,000 and 250,000.
  7. Main cities: Gujarat and Mumbai (India). Parsees communities are also significant in Mumbai

Some famous Parsees Businessman: Sir Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Jehangir Hormusjee Ruttonjee, Ardeshir Darabshaw Shroff (co-author of the Bombay Plan of post-independence India, former Director of Tata), Byram Dinshawji Avari, Keki Dadiseth, or Minocher Bhandara.

Sacred Symbol of Zoroastrianism: Faravahar

Faravahar Parsees

Samples - Zoroastrianism

Cyrus Poonawalla Parsee Businessman (Course Master)

Nusli Wadia (Indian Zoroastrian Businessman, Course)

Adi Godrej (Indian Zoroastrian Businessman, Course)

Religions and Ethics - Sikhism

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