Subject (Course): Zoroastrianism (Parsees) and business (India). Syllabus:
“Good Thoughts, Words, and Deeds.”
The subject “Zoroastrianism” is composed of two parts:
2- Case Study - Zoroastrian businesspeople.
Sample of the subject - Zoroastrianism: Ethics and Business
The objectives of the subject “Zoroastrianism” are:
Subject Description: Zoroastrianism: Ethics and Business:
What do they share the owners of the TATA conglomerate, with the famous music conductor Zubin Mehta, with the top model Nauheed Cyrusi, with Freddy Mercuri, with Ardeshir Darabshaw Shroff (author of the Bombay Plan), with the owner of the largest brewery of Pakistan, with the prominent Indian family Wadia, Dr Poonawalla or with the Godrej Group?
The common factor in all of them is their religion: Zoroastrianism, the religion of Zarathustra, the great reformer. The Parsees have played a major role in the creation of the modern India.
Today we can consider that the Gatha, part of the sacred books of Avesta, is surely the first ethical treaty of the humanity.
If we should summarise Zoroastrian ethics this would be:
“Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds” (3 H Zoroastrian).
Everything created by Ahura is good, the badness and the goodness are generated in the human being, in his thoughts, and through their words converted in deeds. That is, the kindness should be practised in three areas: in thoughts, in words which express them, and deeds they generate.
Perhaps this concept, together with the respect for animals and the environment and the principle of freedom that we find in the Gatha is a crucial contribution to our research for the principles of a global ethic.
“Goodness and Badness, twin spirits, in the beginning of the universe
The wise men will choose goodness and fools will be diverted. The ignorant will choose the worst attitude
Oh, Ahura! I want to be part of You. Among those who renew and make thrive the world” Gatha 3,30
Ethical Principles of Zoroastrianism
The principle of non-violence is large enough, and a vital significance for humanity. Moreover, of course, is one of the principles of global ethics. Derived from the principle of non-violence; we will find an enormous respect of the Parsees to animals and the environment.
Arising from the above principles, we can identify another feature of ethics of Zoroastrian: honesty and uprightness (righteousness), the guarantee to achieve happiness. Justice is also a core value of Zoroastrian people.
Perhaps the core of Zoroastrianism is the capacity of the decision of the man between the goodness and the badness.
Many of the ethical principles of Zoroastrianism can be found (adapted or modified) in other religions. The principle of non-violence, the need for good thoughts, words, and deeds or truthfulness are present in the Indian religions like Hinduism and Jainism. In Buddhism, especially Mahayana, there are influences of Zoroastrianism.
Some famous Parsees businessperson: Sir Dinshaw Maneckji Petit, Jehangir Hormusjee Ruttonjee, Ardeshir Darabshaw Shroff (co-author of the Bombay Plan of post-independence India, former Director of Tata), Byram Dinshawji Avari, Keki Dadiseth, or Minocher Bhandara.
Sacred Symbol of Zoroastrianism: Faravahar