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International North-South Corridor

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Syllabus of the Subject: International North-South Transport Corridor (India-Russia).

  1. Introduction to the International North-South Transport Corridor (India-Russia);
  2. Member countries of the corridor: Iran, Russia, India, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Belarus, Oman and Syria;
  3. Main features of the International Transport Corridor North-South
    1. Integration of the International North-South Transport Corridor with the:
      1. India-Chabahar (Iran)-Afghanistan Corridor;
      2. International Transport and Transit Corridor of the Ashgabat Agreement;
      3. Pan-European Corridor II (Russia-Germany);
      4. Pan-European Corridor IX (Finland-Greece).
    2. Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran Railway (Transnational North-South Corridor);
    3. South Armenia-Iran railway;
    4. Trans-Siberian Railway (Russia, North Korea);
    5. The importance of the Port of Astara (Iran).
  4. The corridor and the New Silk Road.

International North-South Transport Corridor
International North-South Transport Corridor, Master

Eurasian Land Transport Initiative (Silk Road, China-Europe) - Online Education

Online Student (Master International Business Foreign Trade)

The Subject «International North-South Transport Corridor (India-Russia)» belongs to the following Online Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Transportation Courses: Road, Railway, Multimodal.

Online Education (Course, Doctorate, Master): Road Transport

Diploma: International Transport.

Online Professional Diploma in International Transport

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Trade and Business in India

Masters: International Transport, International Business.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB) - Online Education

Doctorate: Global Logistics, World Trade.

Professional Doctorate in International Business (DIB). Online Education

Languages: Courses, Masters, Doctorate in International Business and Foreign Trade in English. Summary in Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Corredor Internacional de Transporte Norte-Sur Study, Course Master Doctorate in International Business in French Corridor international de Transport Nord-Sud Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Corredor Internacional de Transporte Norte-Sul.

Online Course Business in Central Eurasia

Transport and Transit Corridor, Ashgabat Agreement, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Oman, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

International North-South Transport Corridor.

The International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) is a multimodal transport network (maritime, rail, road) formed by Iran, Russia, India, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Belarus, Oman and Syria.

Online Education (Course, Doctorate, Master): Multimodal / Combined Transport

  1. Bulgaria is an observer country;
  2. Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are not members, but are located in the corridor's area of influence;
  3. Pakistan  is considering joining the International North-South Transport Corridor (despite the tense relations with India).

The International North-South Transport Corridor connects with the New Silk Road.

  1. Main cities: Mumbai, Moscow, Tehran, Baku, Bandar Abbas, Astrakhan, Bandar Anzali;
  2. According to the Association of the Federation of Freight Forwarders of India, the cost of sending goods by the route of the North-South International Transport Corridor is 30% cheaper and 40% shorter than the traditional route (by sea, through the Canal Suez, 45-60 days);
  3. Estimated time Russia-India when the corridor is fully operational: 16-21;
  4. India will avoid passing through Pakistan to access the markets of Central Eurasia;
  5. For India it is a highly strategic project to offset the growing influence of China in the region (New Silk Road).

The corridor project was created in 2000 by Iran, Russia and India with the aim of promoting cooperation between logistics networks in India, Russia, Iran, Europe and Central Asia.

The International North-South Transport Corridor was subsequently expanded to include Azerbaijan, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Belarus, Oman and Syria.

The International North-South Transport Corridor considerably improves access to the landlocked Central Asian republics

International North-South Transportation Corridor Route

The corridor starts in Mumbai (India), connecting by sea with the port city of Bandar Abbas (southern coast of Iran, Persian Gulf, Hormuz Strait, 85% of the Iranian maritime trade). Then it connects by road with the port of Bandar-e-Anzali (Iran) located in the Caspian Sea.

From Bandar-e-Anzali by ship across the Caspian Sea, Astrakhan (Russia) is reached on the banks of the Volga River. From Astrakhan it links with Moscow, Saint Petersburg and other Russian regions and Europe through the Russian railway network.

Railway Kazakhstan-Turkmenistan-Iran (North-South Transnational Corridor)

  1. Distance: 677 km;
  2. It connects Kazakhstan (Uzen Uzen, 137 km) and Turkmenistan (Bereket - Etrek, 470 km) with Iran (Gorgan, Golestan, 70 km) and to the Persian Gulf by another railway;
  3. Bereket (Turkmenistan) is an important railway node. Access to:
    1. Trans-Caspian Railway (Caspian Sea, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and eastern Kazakhstan);
    2. North-South Transnational Railroad.
  4. Operating since 2014.

South Armenia-Iran Railway / North-South Railway Corridor (in project)

  1. This section in project is crucial for the International North-South Transport Corridor;
  2. It would be the shortest transport route from the Black Sea ports to the ports of the Persian Gulf;
  3. Distance: 316 km;
  4. Route: Gavar (50 km east of Yerevan - Armenia), near Lake Sevan, Gagarin, Agarak, Iranian border (Meghri).

Port of Astara (Iran)

  1. The Port of Astara (Iran) is in the southwest of the Caspian Sea;
  2. Objective: to improve maritime traffic through the Caspian Sea;
  3. Creation: 2013;
  4. The port will allow the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) to export their cereals to Africa, through the Iranian port of Bandar Abbas;
  5. Access to the interior of Iran for products from Russia;
  6. Access of Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan to India through the Bandar Abbas port of Iran.

Trans-Iranian Channel (Caspian Sea-Indian Ocean)

  1. Project to build a canal from the Caspian Sea to the Indian Ocean.

Route in Azerbaijan

The Azerbaijan route of the International Transport Corridor North-South allows connecting India, Iran, Azerbaijan, Russia and Kazakhstan. Iran rebuilt in 2016 the branch of the Qazvin-Rasht-Astara railway (205 km).

Asian regional economic communities related to the International North-South Transport Corridor

  1. CAREC: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Iran is an observer country;
  2. Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU): Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Russia;
  3. Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO): Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan;
  4. CEI: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan;
  5. Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkey;
  6. SCO: Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan;
  7. GUAM: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine;
  8. OSJD: Azerbaijan, Albania, Afghanistan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Hungary, Vietnam, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, China, North Korea, South Korea, Cuba, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Mongolia, Poland, Russia, Romania, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Estonia;
  9. Asian Clearing Union (ACU): Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Myanmar, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka;
  10. Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE): Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belarus, Georgia, the Holy See, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Monaco, Moldova, Montenegro, Norway, Russia, Serbia, Switzerland, San Marino, Turkey, Ukraine;
  11. BSEC: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Belarus;
  12. EU Eastern Partnership (European Neighborhood Policy): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine;
  13. EU-South Caucasus Relations: Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia;
  14. Black Sea Synergy: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine;
  15. Russia is a member of:
    1. EU-Russia;
    2. Council of the Baltic Sea States (Belarus and Ukraine are observers);
    3. APEC.
  16. India and Russia are members of the Africa-BRICS Cooperation;
  17. Iran, Oman and India are members of the IORA;
  18. Belarus and Ukraine belong to the Central European Initiative (CEI);
  19. India is a member of:
    1. BIMSTEC;
    2. SAARC;
    3. APTA;
    4. SASEC.
  20. Oman is a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

Trade Agreements related to the Countries of the corridor

  1. Iran
    1. Trade Agreements of Iran: Algeria, Armenia, Syria, Venezuela, Pakistan.
  2. Russia
    1. Trade Agreements of Russia: the ASEAN, the EU, Andean Community, Armenia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Serbia, Moldova, Ukraine;
    2. Free Trade Agreement between Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan;
    3. Customs Union Russia-Vietnam;
    4. Russia has a trade agreement with Cameroon.
  3. India
    1. Indian Free Trade Agreements: Sri Lanka, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, ASEAN, South Korea, the EU, New Zealand, Africa-India, Mauritius, Canada, Australia, GCC, SACU, EFTA, MERCOSUR, Andean Community...
  4. Azerbaijan
    1. Trade Agreements with Russia, Ukraine and Georgia;
    2. Free Trade Agreement between Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova.
  5. Armenia
    1. Trade Agreements of Armenia with Georgia, Kazakhstan, Iran, Moldova, Russia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Tajikistan.
  6. Ukraine
    1. Trade Agreements of Ukraine with Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Moldova, the EFTA, the Kyrgyz Republic, Serbia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan;
    2. Ukraine-EU Association Agreement.
  7. Belarus
    1. Russia-Belarus FTA;
    2. Belarus-Ukraine FTA;
    3. Free Trade Agreement between Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan.
  8. Oman
    1. The U.S.-Oman FTA;
    2. Trade Agreements (as a member of the Cooperation Council of the Gulf) with the EU, India, Australia, Singapore, Syria, EFTA...
  9. Syria
    1. Cooperation agreement with the EU;
    2. Syria has trade agreements with Turkey, Iran, the GCC.

Main Euro-Asian institutions related to the corridor

  1. ESCAP;
  2. Asian Development Bank;
  3. UNECE.

Major Islamic institutions related to the corridor

  1. Islamic Development Bank.

The main religions of the region of the International North-South Transport Corridor are:

  1. Orthodoxy;
  2. Islam;
  3. Hinduism;
  4. Zoroastrianism;
  5. Jainism;
  6. Sikhism.

The International North-South Transport Corridor belongs to the:

  1. Central Eurasian Economic Area;
  2. Hindu Economic Area;
  3. Orthodox Economic Area.

New Silk Road (China-Europe) Eurasian Land Transport Initiative

China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Road Transportation Course

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