Hinduism: Ethics and Business

EENI- School of International Business

Subject - Hinduism (India). Hindu Business People. Syllabus:

Hinduism Ethics and Business

“Truth is one; the wise call it by various names.” (Rig Veda)

The Subject “Hinduism” consists of three parts:

  1. Introduction to Hinduism
  2. Hindu Business People
  3. Economic Area of the Hindu Civilisation

1- Hinduism

  1. Introduction to Hinduism - “Sanatana Dharma” (Eternal Religion) - Vedanta
  2. Sacred Texts of Hinduism (Shruti and Smriti)
  3. Bhagavad-Gita
  4. Four Paths to God
  5. Path of Yoga
  6. Key Concepts of Hinduism:
    1. Interreligious Tolerance
    2. Body and Atman
    3. Samsara
    4. Good (Svayam Bhagavan, Parabrahma) Pervades all Things
  7. Ethical Principles of Hinduism:
    1. Non-Violence (Ahimsa)
    2. Truth (Satya)
    3. Not to steal (Asteya)
    4. Sexual moderation (Brahmacharya)
    5. Detachment from the results of the actions
  8. The main traditions of Hinduism (Sampradaya)
    1. Vaishnavism
    2. Shaivism
    3. Shaktism
    4. Smartism
  9. The Renewal of Hinduism:
    1. Sri Ramakrishna
    2. Swami Vivekananda
    3. Mahatma Gandhi
  10. Hinduism today
  11. Hinduism in Nepal, Bhutan, and Mauritius

2- Hindu Business People

Case study: Hindu Business People (Hinduism)

  1. Kumar Mangalam Birla
  2. Senapathy Gopalakrishnan
  3. Shri Mukesh Ambani
  4. S P Hinduja
  5. Kiran Mazumdar
  6. Naresh Goyal

3- Economic Area of the Hindu Civilisation

  1. Introduction to the Economic Area of the Hindu Civilisation
  2. Influence of Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Zoroastrianism on the Hindu Civilisation
  3. Area of influence of the Hindu Civilisation: Nepal, Mauritius, Bhutan, Indonesia, and East Africa
  4. Interactions of the Hindu Civilisation with the other civilisations

Download the syllabus “Economic Area of the Hindu Civilisation” (PDF)

The objectives of the subject “Hinduism” are the following:

  1. To understand the fundamentals of Hinduism
  2. To understand the ethical principles of Hinduism
  3. To analyse the figures of the Hindu Business People
  4. To learn about the influence of Hinduism on business
  5. To understand the influence of Hinduism on the Hindu Civilisation
  6. To explore the economic relations of the Hindu Civilisation with the other civilisations
  7. To know the countries of the influence of the Hindu Civilisation
The subject “Hinduism: Ethics and Business” is studied...
  1. Doctorates: Religion and Business, Asia
  2. Masters (e-learning): Asia, BRICS Countries, Economic Relations, and Global Business
  3. Course: India

Learning materials in English (or Spanish Hinduismo French Hindouisme).

  1. Credits of the subject “Indian Religions - Hinduism”: 4 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: 4 weeks
  3. Download the syllabus of the module: “Religions of India” (PDF)

Sample of the subject - Ethical Principles of Hinduism:
Hinduism Ethics

Everyone should follow his religion. A Christian should follow Christianity; a Muslim should follow Islam, and so on. For Hinduism, the old way, the way of the wise Aryans is the best.” Sri Ramakrishna.

Description of the Subject: Hinduism and business

Attempting to define Hinduism is a complex task, the correct term for Hinduism should be “Sanatana Dharma” or the Eternal Law. According to the Master Swami Vivekananda, the spiritual heir of Sri Ramakrishna:

“Hinduism is based on the accumulated treasure consisting of the spiritual laws discovered by different people in different times.”

The difficulty of finding a proper definition is that Hinduism has no central doctrinal authority (similar to the papacy in Catholicism), but they have swamis (teachers) or gurus (spiritual guides).

Today; it is common to identify four different types of Hinduism:

  1. Vaishnavism
  2. Shaivism
  3. Shaktism
  4. Smartism

The appellations are based primarily on the god worshipped as an absolute reality and the traditions that accompany worship of that God.

The vast majority of Hindus claim that Hinduism is monotheistic, claiming that the Hindu pantheon is only the representations of one God to facilitate human understanding of the Absolute Reality.

Hinduism is a tradition of wisdom that evolves periodically throughout the history. “Live and let live” defines relatively well the vision of Hinduism. Hinduism is probably the most tolerant religion with the others, as seen in the history of India in the last 2500 years. Hinduism has lived with Parsees, Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains.

Harmony of the religions Ahimsa Business

The Chapter IV of the Bhagavad-Gita begins with one of the most beautiful and transcendental verses of the Bhagavad-Gita, which appreciate the tolerance of Hinduism with the other religions:

“When the kindness declines, When the wickedness increases
When the purpose of the life is forgotten.
I will manifest, I will return.
To pronounce the sacred; to destroy the sin of the sinner, to re-establish the way of the principles” Bhagavad-Gita IV 7-8

Bhagavad-Gita (Hinduism)

  1. About 950 millions of people practice Hinduism, mainly in India
  2. Hinduism is the third religion in the World by the number of believers, behind Islam and Christianity

The Absolute Reality of Hinduism is Brahman. The Hindus believe in the reincarnation and the law of Karma.

Hinduism proposes different ways to reach God (the path of love, devotion, knowledge) depending on each person.

Renewal of Hinduism: Sri Ramakrishna
Sri Ramakrishna Hinduism

Hinduism

The Ethical Principles of Hinduism: Ahimsa (Non-Violence), detachment (abandonment of the fruits of the action), Truthfulness, Not to steal, Self-control, discipline, appropriate words and thoughts, and motivation to achieve the goal.

The principle of the Non-Violence (Ahimsa) should be one of the pillars of a global ethic. All religions also share the Ahimsa Principle especially Jainists, Zoroastrians, and Buddhists.

Patanjali suggests the ethical practice of five exercises: ahimsa, truthfulness, non-stealing, pure life and not greed. This is widely reflected in the Bhagavad-Gita.

Previously we have seen several values of Hinduism: Ahimsa (non-violence), tolerance, and truthfulness. All of which are part of the five Yamas (restraints or abstentions) and five Niyamas (observances or rules) set by Patanjali.

Yamas (restraints or abstentions).

  1. Non-Violence (Ahimsa)
  2. Truthfulness (Satya)
  3. Not to steal (Asteya)
  4. Sexual Moderation (Brahmacharya)
  5. Non-possession (Aparigraha)

Niyamas (Observances).

  1. Purity (Shauca)
  2. Satisfaction (Santosa)
  3. Austerity/Self-discipline (Tapas)
  4. Self-knowledge (Svadhyaya)
  5. Surrendering to God (Ishvarapranidhana)

Samples - Hinduism

Kiran Mazumdar Indian Businesswoman

Hinduja Group India

Kumar Mangalam Birla (Hindu Businessman)

Gopalakrishnan Honduism

Shri Mukesh D. Ambani (Hindu Businessman)

Bhimji Depar Shah (Kenya).

Religions and business - Religions of India Zoroastrianism, Sikhism, Jainism, Buddhism.



U-EENI UniversityPeace, Not Terrorism