Sub-subject: Religions of India:
Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Jainism... Syllabus:
- Introduction to the religions of India
Sub-Subject Description (Indian Religions):
India is one of the most tolerant countries with other religions. Hinduism is probably the most tolerant religion with others, as seen in the history of India in the last 2,500 years.
“Thus I have exposed the most secret of all knowledge, meditate on it fully, and then do as you want” Bhagavad-Gita (Sacred Book of Hinduism), XVIII-63.
Hinduism has lived with Parsees, Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, and Jainist.
The Chapter IV of Bhagavad-Gita begins with one of the most beautiful and transcendental verses of the Bhagavad-Gita, which appreciate the tolerance of Hinduism with other religions.
“When the kindness declines
When the wickedness increases
When the purpose of the life is forgotten.
I will manifest, I will return.
To pronounce the sacred; to destroy the sin of the sinner, to re-establish the way of the principles” IV 7-8
The most universal of these verses is the implicit acceptance of other prophets of other religions. Many
Hindus believe in the holiness of Jesus, Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Guru Nanak, or Zarathustra.
This principle of universal tolerance (Harmony of Religions) is one of the greatest contributions of the Hinduism to the concept of global ethics, furthermore to the principles of truthfulness, detachment, and non-violence (Ahimsa).
Hinduism is a major religion in India. 80.5% of the Indian population practices Hinduism, 960 millions of followers (2012) (Total population: 1,210 millions of people).
Percentage of the population by Religions of India
- Hinduism 80.46%
- Muslims 13.43%
- Christians 2.34% (25 million)
- Sikhs 1.87%
- Buddhists 0.77%
- Others 0.72%
- Jain 0.41%
The economic area of the Hindu Civilisation
In India, there are some 2 millions of Baha'i, 7.5 millions of Methodists and 2.4 millions of Baptists
The Catholic Church Siro-Malabar (Eastern Catholic Churches) has 4,6
After India, Hinduism is important in Nepal (23 million), Bangladesh (15 million), Indonesia -island of Bali (3.3 million), Mauritius, Guyana, Fiji, or Bhutan.
A perfect example of Hindu tolerance is that the former President of India, Manmohan Singh is Sikh.
Sikh population represents less than 2% of Indian Population!
Below; we show the ministers of his Government. As we can even observe the majority belongs to Hinduism but there are also Sikhs, Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, atheists.
- Shri A. K. Antony. Minister of Defence. He was born into a Syrian Catholic family, now declared atheist. It is also stated devotee of Mata
- Shri Sharad Pawar. Minister of Agriculture. Hinduism.
- Shri P. Chidambaram. Minister of Finance. Hinduism.
- Shri Ghulam Nabi Azad. Minister of Health and Family Welfare. Muslim.
- Shri Sushil Kumar Shinde. Minister of the Interior. Secularism (Nehru)
- Shri M. Veerappa Moily. Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
- Dr Farooq Abdullah. Minister of New and Renewable Energy. Muslim.
- Shri S. Jaipal Reddy. Minister of Science and Technology. Minister of Earth Sciences. Hinduism.
- Shri Sis Ram Ola. Minister of Labour and Employment
- Shri Kamal Nath. Minister of Urban Development. Minister of Parliamentary Affairs. Hinduism.
- Shri Ajit Singh. Civil Aviation Minister. Sikh
- Shri Vayalar Ravi. Minister of Indian Affairs abroad. Hinduism.
- Shri Mallikarjun Kharge. Minister of Railways. Buddhist.
- Shri Oscar Fernandes. Minister of Road Transport and Highways.
- Shri Kapil Sibal. Minister of Communications and information Technology. Hinduism.
- Shri Anand Sharma. Minister of Trade and Industry. Hinduism.
- Kumari Selja. Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment. Hinduism.
- Dr Girija Vyas. Minister for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation.
- Shri K. G. Vasan. Minister of Shipping
- Shri Praful Patel. Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises. Hinduism.
- Shriprakash Shri Jaiswal. Coal Minister
- Shri Salman Khursheed. Minister of foreign Affairs. Muslim.
- Shri V. Kishore Chandra Deo. Minister of Tribal Affairs. Minister of Panchayati Raj. Hinduism.
- Shri Beni Prasad Verma. Steel Minister. Hinduism.
- Shri Jairam Ramesh. Minister of Rural Development. Hinduism.
- Shri K. Rahman Khan. Minister of Minority Affairs. Muslim.
- Shri Dinsha J. Patel. Minister of Mines. Hinduism.
- Shri M. M. Pallam Raju. Minister of Human Resource Development.
- Shri Harish Rawat. Minister of Water Resources. Hinduism.
- Smt. Chandresh Kumari Katoch. Minister of Culture. Hinduism.
- Dr Kavuru Sambasiva Rao. Minister of textiles.
(Note: If is not specified a religion, is that the Minister has not publicly stated their religion).
Another example we can observe in the list of the richest men in India.
Religions and International Business