Subject (Course) - Buddhism (Asia): Ethics and Business. Buddhists Businessperson. Syllabus:
The subject on Buddhism consists of three parts:
2- Buddhist Businessperson.
3- Introduction to the Economic Area of the Buddhist Civilisation.
The aims of the subject “Buddhism” are:
Sample of the subject - Buddhism: Ethics and Business
“I refuge in the Buddha, the dharma (doctrine) and the Sangha (monastic community)”
Subject Description: Buddhism: Ethics and Business:
“This is the sum of duty: do not do to others what would cause pain if done to you” (Udana).
Buddhism was created in the 6th century BCE, with the appearance of Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, one of the great spiritual geniuses of humanity, in northwestern India. It was the time of the Vedic religion, controlled by the caste of Brahmins, where the sacrifice was a common practice. Salvation was only possible for the Brahmins; lower castes believed they were immersed in an endless cycle of births and resurrections.
This axial age (Karl Jaspers) is also the time of Confucius, Lao Tzu, the Deutero-Isaiah or Mahavira (the founder of Jainism).
Buddha teaches a message of liberation (“Be lamps unto yourselves”), for all men and women, a society in which caste should not exist. Buddha addressed mainly to people, to all men and women regardless of race, gender or caste.
“One in whom there is neither hypocrisy nor pride, which has overcome greed, which is free from selfishness and desire, which is free of anger, completely serene; he is a Brahmin” Udana III-VI
Discover the causes of pain and illness, and how to overcome it will be one of the “leitmotivs” of the Buddha's teachings.
“Whether the world is eternal or not, finite or
not, whether the soul is the same as the body or whether the soul is one thing
and the body another, whether a Buddha exists after death or does not exist after death; these things the Lord does not explain to me.
Buddhism grew until the third century BCE when the great Emperor Ashoka, proclaimed Buddhism as the official religion of the first Indian empire. Buddhism will experience a golden age in India until the 7th century AD, to almost disappear from India in the 13th century. At the end of the 20th century, Buddhism begins to re-emerge in India, although the number of followers is slight compared to other religions of India.
Like Christianity, Buddhism began with a man, expanded under the Leadership of a great empire (the Roman Empire with Christianity) and practically disappeared from his birthplace. From early times Buddhism begins to spread throughout Asia. In China, Buddhism will adopt elements of Confucianism and Taoism to create the Chinese and Zen Buddhism.
One of the problems of the Buddhism, like Christianity, is to know how the original Buddhism was. Today, exists two Buddhist canons:
In the Udana IX (Bahiya) we find the definition of Nirvana (instant enlightenment). Nirvana is an entirely transcendental state; when we reached, finished reincarnation and suffering