Sub-subject: Principles of Buddhist ethics. Four Noble Truths. Noble Eightfold Path. Syllabus:
Sample of the Sub-subject: Four Noble Truths
Sub-Subject Description: Principles of Buddhist ethics.
After his enlightenment, the Buddha went to Benares (Varanasi), the holy city of India, and the so-called Deer Park on the outskirts of the city, gave his first sermon: the Four Noble Truths, which are the foundation of Buddhism and the Buddhist Civilisation.
The Four Noble Truths are:
In the West; it tends to misinterpret this first noble truth of Buddhism; it is understood as exclusively physical pain. However, suffering should be understood as something broader, as “the pain, which to some degree, encouraged all finite existence” (Huston Smith).
Suffering may be a pain, sadness, imperfection, affliction, and superficiality. According to English philosopher Alan Watts converted to Buddhism:
“Duhkha is the great disease of the World whose cure is obtained with the doctrine (dharma) of Buddha.”
This is O monks, the noble truth of the origin of suffering.
Ignorance, desire - attachment and the five poisons are those who produce new rebirths, those inclined to seek pleasure and satisfaction here and there, discouraging not to get what we wanted. It is the desire for the existence, the desire for non-existence” Buddha.
The Fourth Truth, the Noble Eightfold Path, shows us the way to overcome the desire, eliminate suffering and finally reaching Nirvana.
Buddha offers us guidelines to develop a proper conduct, called the five precepts that make up the pillars of Buddhist ethics.
Principles of Buddhist ethics
The previous five precepts are the basis of Buddhist ethics for laypeople, and furthermore, these principles are shared by all the higher religions.
In the Udana V (“The venerable Sona), in the Chapter I” What one wants” we find the golden rule applied to Buddhism:
“This is the sum of duty: do not do to others what would cause pain if done to you”