Subject- Taoism: ethics (Non-action) and business (China). Laozi. Syllabus:
“With more rules and regulations, more people will impoverish” Tao LVII
Subject objectives (Taoism):
“My teaching is similar to other... The strong do not die of natural causes; this will be the starting point of my doctrine” TAO XLII.
Sample of the subject -Taoism: Ethics and Business
Subject Description: Principles of Taoism: Tao Te Ching:
Despite the difficulty of obtaining reliable data on the Taoism in China; about 50 millions of people, mostly Chinese, practice Taoism, a religion (or philosophy) founded by Laozi (the Old Master) perhaps born in 604 BCE and who is credited with the key work of Taoism: the “Tao Te Ching” or “The Book of reason and virtue,” one of the shorter books of all religions with only 5000 words.
The “Tao Te Ching” is a book tough to interpret. Of all Asian religions, this is perhaps the most difficult to explain and understand for a Westerner:
“The Tao Te Ching can be read in an afternoon or a whole life.” Houston Smith.
For Taoists, the order and harmony of the universe are manifestations of the Tao. For Laozi there are no human words to define the Tao.
The Tao is the cause of everything, its origin, and its end. If people follow the Tao, harmony reigns; if they do not follow it is the chaos. For Laozi, nothing is haphazard. If Confucius treated the Heaven to God, Laozi went one step further. Unlike the Christian concept of God as the Creator of the universe, the Tao has never been created, has always existed.
Like the other Asian religions, the Tao speaks of the “total absence of desire” as the path to follow.
The man should not try to modify the Tao; he must let it flow.
The concept of “Non-Action” (Wu Wei /无为) is a fundamental principle of Taoism; is a tough concept to understand for a Westerner. Wu Wei tells us that a correct way to act is precisely not to act, not forcing the situation, just the opposite of Confucianism. Sometimes, has been called “the creative quietude.”
“The Sage focuses on non-action in his works, practices not saying in his speech
Yin and Yang are manifested in any being or object, even in thought. In all the Tao; we will find constant references to the dual concept of Yin and Yang.
Confucianism and Taoism, Yin and Yang, classicism and romanticism, responsibility and freedom, the two poles of the Chinese society, one would not exist without the other.
These two traditions of wisdom, along with Buddhism and Shamanism are part of the spiritual heritage of the Sinic civilisation throughout its area of influence: China, Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Singapore, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.