Sub-subject. Taoist Ethical Principles: Non-violence, Wisdom, Detachment. Syllabus:
Sample of the Sub-subject: Taoist Ethical Principles
Sub-Subject Description: ethical principles of Taoism
NOTE: When talking about Taoist ethics; it is necessary to clarify that Laozi, surely, disapproves this definition.
In any case, in Taoism, we can identify a set of ethical principles based on the concepts discussed above (Tao, Te, Yin-Yang) and on the principle of Not action or Wu-Wei. These Taoist ethical principles are:
The Tao Te Ching is a manifesto of non-violence, as well as other Asian religions, in many aphorisms, we find references to non-violence. For Laozi, peace is the highest human value:
“Where everyone is well armed, is a state in vain...
Armaments, are instruments in vain, are unmasterly instruments.” TAO XXX
In many chapters of the Tao Te Ching, we found several references to the relevant concept of “Respect the World.” The key concept is that we should be in harmony with nature, not wanting to dominate.
“Whoever believes and respects the world, is worthy to be entrusted humanity.
Whoever loves the world as his body, can trust the world.” TAO XIII
Like other religions, the path of Tao beginning with the self-knowledge who will lead us to wisdom.
For Laozi knowledge generates imagination, imagination generates the desire, and desire goes mad to the human being.
This concept tends to be too complex to understand but try to understand it from the point of view of wisdom.
The maximum principle of Taoism, Wu Wei tells us “unlearn what we know” or “not to teach the people.”
“Practising the Dao, every day there is something to lose” TAO XLVIII.
To follow the Tao; we must be able to control our senses, the senses are the gateways of desire, and we must look at our inward, not outward.
Control of the senses must lead us to the detachment, austerity, to avoid the greed.
One of the concepts of Tao tough to understand is the denial of moral value:
“When the Tao is lost, so there arises benevolence and righteousness.” Tao XVIII.
Laozi explains clearly its priorities:
Tao -> Te -> Love -> Justice -> Moral.
One of the duties of a Taoist man is to practice philanthropy. Laozi explains that the Sage who follows the Tao, has a philanthropic spirit, having no possessions, not arguing, by not acting; he can give more to others:
In many parts of Tao refers to the good ruler (company Director), which ultimately must meet with the Taoist concepts analysed previously, especially he should practice Wu Wei (not acting).
For Laozi, freedom and independence are the foundations of the order.
“With more rules and regulations, more people will impoverish” Tao LVII