Buddhist Economic Area (Master, Doctorate)

EENI Business School & HA University


Syllabus of the Online Course (Subject): Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation.

The course (subject) “Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation” consists of eight parts:

  1. Main features of the Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation
  2. Buddhism and Buddhist Economic Area
  3. Economic Profile of Buddhist Countries
  4. Buddhist business people
  5. Asian economic integration of Buddhist Civilisation (Economic Organisations, Trade Agreements)
  6. Buddhist Civilisation and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  7. Interactions of Buddhist Civilisation with other civilisations
  8. Economic institutions and trade agreements related to Buddhist Civilisation

The objectives of the Online Course / Subject “Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation”:

  1. To identify the characteristics of the Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation
  2. To analyse the influence of Buddhism on Buddhist Economic Area
  3. To know the economic profile of Buddhist Countries
  4. To analyse the profile of Buddhist Business People
  5. To understand the economic integration process of Buddhist Civilisation
  6. To explore economic relations of Buddhist Civilisation with other civilisations (Western, Sinic, Hindu, Islamic, African)
  7. To analyse the main economic organisations related to Buddhist Economic Area

Learning materials in Master in International Business in English or Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Civilización Budista Study, Master in International Business in French Civilisation Bouddhiste Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Civilização Budista

  1. Credits of the subject: 2 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: two weeks
  3. Download the module syllabus: “Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation” (PDF)

The Online Course / Subject “Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation” is part of the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Business School & HA University:

  1. Doctorates: Ethics, Religions, and Business, Asia, Foreign Trade
  2. Masters: Asia, Pacific, International Business, Foreign Trade, Economic Relations
  3. Bachelor in International Trade
  4. Diploma: ASEAN Markets

The students who have taken this subject (Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation) can validate and register for a Bachelor of Science, Master or Doctorate at EENI Business School & HA University.

Online Students, Master in International Business

Methodology: e-learning (Online) / Distance Learning.

Area of Knowledge: Religions and Ethics - Asia.

Related Subjects to “Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation.

1- Introduction to Buddhism and the Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation.

Buddhism: Ethics and Business

  1. Buddhism
  2. Principles of Buddhist Ethics
  3. Two Buddhist leaders of Peace: Aung San Suu Kyi and the Dalai Lama
  4. Buddhism in the World
    1. Buddhism in the West

2- Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation. Economic Profile of Buddhist Countries.

  1. Mahayana Economic Area: China, South Korea, Japan (Zen), Vietnam, Singapore, and Taiwan
  2. Theravada Economic Area: Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, Sri Lanka, and Thailand
  3. Vajrayana (Lamaist) Economic Area: Bhutan, China (Southwest), Tibet, and Mongolia

3- Buddhist Business People.

  1. Kazuo Inamori (Japan)
  2. Kith Meng (Cambodia)
  3. Padma Jyoti (Nepal)
  4. Lee Kun-hee (Korea)
  5. Thaksin Shinawatra (Thailand)
  6. Chang Yung-fa (Taiwan)

4- Asian Economic Integration of Buddhist Civilisation (Economic Organisations, Trade Agreements)

  1. Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS) (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam)
  2. Mekong River Commission (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam)
  3. Greater Mekong Subregion (Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam)
  4. Singapore-Japan FTA
  5. Singapore-Korea FTA
  6. China-Singapore FTA
  7. China-Taiwan Economic Cooperation Agreement
  8. Laos-Thailand Trade Agreement

5- Buddhist Civilisation and ASEAN

Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, and Cambodia are members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN):

  1. ASEAN Free-Trade Area (AFTA)
  2. ASEAN Economic Community
  3. Agreements and free-trade areas of the ASEAN with the Countries of Buddhist Civilisation: Japan, South Korea, and China
  4. Agreements and free-trade areas of the ASEAN with other civilisations:
    1. Islamic Civilisation: Pakistan. Thailand is a member of the ASEAN Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) (with Indonesia and Malaysia)
    2. Western Civilisation: Canada, European Union, United States, and Australia-New Zealand
    3. Hindu Civilisation: India
    4. Orthodox Civilisation: Russia

6- Interactions of Buddhist Civilisation with other civilisations.

  1. With Western Christian Civilisation
    1. With the European Economic Area:
      1. The European Union has trade agreements with South Korea and China. Bhutan, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Mongolia (SPG+) are beneficiaries of the EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)
      2. The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) has free trade agreements (FTA) with South Korea and Singapore
    2. With American Economic Area
      1. North American Economic Area: the United States has trade agreements with South Korea and Singapore
      2. Latin American Economic Area. Buddhist Countries have Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with the following Latin American Countries:
        1. China: Chile, Peru, Costa Rica, Andean Community
        2. South Korea: Chile, Peru
        3. Japan: Chile, Mexico
        4. Singapore: Panama, Peru
        5. Taiwan: Honduras-El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama, and Guatemala
      3. Caribbean Economic Area. No Buddhist country has Trade Agreements with Caribbean Countries
    3. With the Oceania Economic Area: Singapore-Australia. New Zealand has free trade agreements (FTA) with China, Singapore, and Thailand
  2. With African Civilisation
    1. Japan: Tokyo International Conference on African Development
    2. Korea: Africa-Korea Partnership
    3. China: Africa-China Forum. Africa-BRICS Cooperation (China is a BRICS Country)
    4. All the Buddhist Countries are members of the Africa-Asia Strategic Partnership (NAASP)
  3. With Hindu Civilisation: India has Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with Korea, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and Thailand
  4. FTAs with Islamic Civilisation: Pakistan-Sri Lanka, China-Pakistan
  5. Inter-civilisation agreements
    1. China, Korea, Laos, and Sri Lanka: The Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)
    2. China, Korea, Japan, Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan, and Vietnam: Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
    3. Singapore and Japan: Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPP)
    4. Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Thailand: Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
    5. Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Bhutan: Bay of Bengal Initiative (BIMSTEC)
    6. Bhutan and Sri Lanka: South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC)
    7. Bhutan, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka: Asian Clearing Union (ACU)
    8. China and Mongolia: Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Programme
    9. China is a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
    10. Vietnam has a Free Trade Agreement with the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU)

* This subject only explores the major Trade Agreements related to Buddhist Civilisation.

7- Economic Organisations related to Buddhist Civilisation.

  1. Asia-Europe Economic Meeting (ASEM)
  2. Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PEEC)
  3. Boao Forum for Asia
  4. Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD)
  5. Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC)
  6. Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED)
  7. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
  8. Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  9. Colombo Plan
  10. United Nations (UN)
  11. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  12. World Trade Organisation (WTO)



  1. Chinese economic profile is analysed on the module Sinic Civilisation
  2. Other countries with Buddhist minorities (not included in this analysis) are Nepal (Mahayana) and India (mostly Theravada and Lamaist)
  3. In this subject, is presented only a summary of Buddhism, Buddhist Business People, regional economic organisations related to Buddhism. The detailed analysis of each one is carried out on the similar subject

Four Noble Truths (Buddhism)

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Description of the Course / Subject (Online) - Economic Area of Buddhist Civilisation.

While not everyone agrees on the existence of an actual Buddhist Civilisation; we consider the existence (or the emergence) of Buddhist Civilisation, divided into three groups:

1. Mahayana area.

  1. 185 million of Buddhist (56% of all Buddhists)
  2. The main Mahayana countries are China, Japan (Zen), South Korea, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan, and Nepal (Hindu country)

2. Theravada area.

  1. 124 million of Buddhist (38% of all Buddhists)
  2. The main Theravada countries are Thailand, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Laos, Cambodia, and India

3. Lamaist area (Vajrayana).

  1. 20 million of Buddhist (6% of all Buddhists)
  2. The main Vajrayana countries are Tibet, Mongolia, China (Southwest), India (North), and Bhutan

Some of these countries can match with influence area of Sinic or Hindu Civilisation.

Samples - Buddhist Civilisation

Kazuo Inamori Buddhist Businessman (Course)

Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS) Master

Buddhist Ethics (Online Doctorate)

Myanmar Brewery

Japan-Singapore Free Trade Agreement

Aung San Suu Kyi Nobel Peace Prize

Gross National Happiness

Buddhist Economics (Doctorate Religions)

China-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (Course)

Kith Meng Cambodian Businessman (Course)

Location of Buddhist Civilisation.

Civilisations and integration

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