Subject (Course): Economic Area of the Buddhist Civilisation. Syllabus:
The subject: “The Economic Area of the Buddhist Civilisation” is composed of eight parts:
- The main features of the Economic Area of the Buddhist Civilisation.
- Buddhism and the economic area of the Buddhist Civilisation
- Economic Profile of the Buddhist countries
- Buddhist businesspeople
- The Asian economic integration of the Buddhist Civilisation (Institutions, agreements)
- The Buddhist Civilisation and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
- Interactions of the Buddhist Civilisation with other civilisations
- Economic institutions related to the Buddhist Civilisation
Objectives of the subject “The Economic Area of the Buddhist Civilisation”:
- To identify the characteristics of the economic area of the Buddhist Civilisation
- To analyse the influence of Buddhism in the Buddhist Economic
- To know the economic profile of the Buddhist countries
- To analyse the profile of Buddhist businesspeople
- To understand the process of economic integration of the Buddhist Civilisation
- To explore the economic relations of the Buddhist civilisation with other civilisations (Western, Sinic, Hindu, Islamic, and African)
- To analyse the main economic institutions related to the Buddhist Economic Area
Subjects of the module “Economic Area of the Buddhist Civilisation.
1- Introduction to Buddhism and the Economic Area of the Buddhist Civilisation.
- Principles of Buddhist ethics.
- Two Buddhist leaders of Peace: Aung San Suu Kyi
and the Dalai Lama
- Buddhism in the World
- Buddhism in the West
2- Economic Area of the Buddhist Civilisation.
Economic Profile of the Buddhist countries.
- Mahayana economic area: China, South Korea, Japan (Zen), Vietnam, Singapore, and Taiwan
- Theravada economic area: Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Laos, Sri Lanka, and Thailand
- Vajrayana (Lamaist) economic area: Bhutan, China (Southwest), Tibet, and Mongolia
3- Buddhist Businesspeople.
- Dr Kazuo Inamori (Japan)
- Kith Meng (Cambodia)
- Padma Jyoti (Nepal)
- Lee Kun-hee (Korea)
- Thaksin Shinawatra (Thailand)
- Chang Yung-fa (Taiwan)
4- Asian Economic Integration of the Buddhist Civilisation (Institutions, agreements)
- Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy (ACMECS) (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam)
- Mekong River Commission (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam)
- Greater Mekong Subregion (Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.)
- Singapore-Japan FTA
- Singapore-Korea FTA
- China-Singapore FTA
- China-Taiwan Economic Cooperation Agreement
- Laos-Thailand Trade Agreement
5- The Buddhist Civilisation and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, and Cambodia are members of the ASEAN:
- The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA)
- The ASEAN Economic Community
- Agreements and free trade areas of the ASEAN with countries of the Buddhist Civilisation: Japan, South Korea, and China
- Agreements and free trade areas of the ASEAN with other civilisations:
- Islamic Civilisation: Pakistan.
Thailand is a member of the ASEAN Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) (with Indonesia and Malaysia)
- Western Civilisation: Canada, the European Union, the United States, and Australia-New Zealand
- Hindu Civilisation: India
- Orthodox Civilisation: Russia
6- Interactions of the Buddhist Civilisation with other civilisations.
- With the Western Christian Civilisation
- With the European
- The European Union has agreements with South Korea
and China. Bhutan, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Mongolia (SPG+) are beneficiaries of the EU's Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)
- The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) has FTAs with South Korea and Singapore
- With the American area
- North American:
the United States has agreements with South Korea and Singapore
- Latin American.
Buddhist countries have Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with the following Latin
- China: Chile, Peru, Costa Rica, and the Andean Community
- South Korea: Chile, Peru
- Japan: Chile, Mexico
- Singapore: Panama, Peru
- Taiwan: Honduras-El Salvador, Nicaragua, Panama, and Guatemala
- Caribbean. No Buddhist country has Trade Agreements with the Caribbean countries.
- With the Oceania area: Singapore-Australia. New Zealand has FTAs with China, Singapore, and Thailand
- With the African Civilisation
- Japan: the Tokyo International Conference on African Development
- Korea: the Africa-Korea Partnership
- China: the Forum Africa-China. Africa-BRICS Cooperation (China is a
- All Buddhist countries are members of the Africa-Asia Strategic Partnership (NAASP)
- With the Hindu civilisation: India has Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with Korea, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and Thailand
- FTAs with the Islamic Civilisation:
the United States-Jordan, Pakistan-Sri Lanka, Bhutan-Bangladesh, China-Pakistan
- inter-civilisation agreements
- China, Korea, Laos, and Sri
Lanka: the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)
- China, Korea, Japan, Singapore, Thailand, Taiwan, and Vietnam: the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
- Singapore and Japan: the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPP)
- Singapore, Sri Lanka, and Thailand: the Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
- Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Bhutan: the Bay of Bengal Initiative (BIMSTEC)
- Bhutan and Sri Lanka: the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
and the South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation (SASEC)
- Bhutan, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka: the Asian Clearing Union (ACU)
- China and Mongolia: the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Programme
- China is a member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
- Vietnam has an FTA with the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU)
* This subject only explores the major Trade Agreements related to the Buddhist Civilisation.
7- Economic institutions related to the Buddhist Civilisation.
- Asia-Europe Economic Meeting (ASEM)
- Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PEEC)
- Boao Forum for Asia
- Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD)
- Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC)
- Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED)
- Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
- Asian Development Bank
- Colombo Plan
- United Nations (UN)
- International Monetary Fund (IMF)
- World Trade Organisation (WTO)
- China's economic profile is analysed on the module on the Sinic
- Other countries with Buddhist minorities (not included in this analysis) are Nepal (Mahayana) and India (mostly Theravada and Lamaist)
- In this subject, is presented only a summary of Buddhism, Buddhist businesspeople, regional economic institutions related to Buddhism. The detailed analysis of each one is carried out in the similar subject
Subject Summary - The economic area of the Buddhist Civilisation.
While not everyone agrees on the existence of an actual Buddhist civilisation; we consider the existence (or the emergence) of the Buddhist civilisation, divided into three groups:
1. The Mahayana area.
- 185 million of Buddhist (56% of all Buddhists).
- The main Mahayana countries are China, Japan (Zen), South Korea, Vietnam, Singapore, Taiwan, and Nepal (Hindu country)
2. The Theravada area.
- 124 million of Buddhist (38% of all Buddhists).
- The main Theravada countries are Thailand, Sri Lanka, Burma (Myanmar), Laos, Cambodia, and India
3. The Lamaist area (Vajrayana).
- 20 million of Buddhist (6% of all Buddhists).
- The main Vajrayana countries are Tibet, Mongolia, China (Southwest), India (North), and Bhutan.
Some of these countries can match with the area of influence of the Sinic
or the Hindu civilisation.
❮ Samples - Buddhist Civilisation ❯
Situation of the Buddhist Civilisation.
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