Subject- Catholicism (Christianity): Ethics and Business. Catholics Businesspeople. Syllabus:
Subject “Catholicism” consists of six parts:
1- Introduction to Catholicism (Christianity).
2- Catholicism in the World.
3- Catholicism and the Western Christian Civilisation:
4- Catholics Spiritual Leaders:
5- Catholic businesspeople:
6- Catholic intellectuals and personalities:
Purposes of the subject.
Amancio Ortega, the third-richest men in the World:
Subject Description: Catholicism: Ethics and Business:
Christianity is the most “globalised” religion (in Greek Catholic means “universal”), with about 2,300 million followers worldwide, followed by Islam with 1,977 million, and Hinduism. Namely, one-third of humanity is Christian. About half of the Christians are Catholics (1,200 million).
Roman Catholicism, based in Rome, is the majority in Central and Southern Europe, Ireland, and South America.
Number of Catholics:
From the organisational point of view, if there is anything that can define Catholicism is the Catholic Church and the figure of the Pope.
Jesus came to earth to show the way of salvation. Therefore, these teachings taught twenty centuries ago, should be available to future generations; this is possible through the Bible. However, it will be necessary to interpret the Bible. Moreover, the only entity that can interpret the teachings of the Bible is the Catholic Church.
This concept of the Church as the sole interpretive authority is fundamental to Catholicism.
Derived from the Papal Infallibility principle, there is the dogma of Papal Infallibility. The Pope of Rome as the successor of St. Peter, and highest authority of Catholicism, when pronounced in a public way on a topic related to faith or morals (“Solemn Pontifical definition”), God, through the Holy Spirit protects him from any error. In matters of faith, the Pope cannot be wrong.
This “Papal definition” is not debatable. In any case, today, on very few occasions the Pope used this privilege and is almost always done by consensus. A Catholic must, therefore, accept this principle.
The Catholic Church maintains the exclusivity of Jesus teachings and defines the way in which the Catholic must behave, the Church teaches to Catholic how he should live to follow the teachings of Jesus correctly.
The Church, as God's earthly representative, is the institution that monopolizes the teachings through the Sacraments. Catholic, Orthodoxy, and Copts share the same seven Sacraments.
The main Catholic Sacrament is the Holy Eucharist, Mass. For a Catholic, Mass symbolically represents the reconstruction of the Last Supper of Christ, in which he offered bread and wine to his disciples.
A curious fact about Catholicism is that its highest authority, the Pope of Rome, is also
the Head of State. It is the only church in the World that also
has a country: the State of the Vatican City, the smallest independent state in the world, both in population (800 people) and size. No other religion has a “Central State.”