Subject (Course): The West African Economic Area. Syllabus:
- Introduction to the Economic Area of West Africa of the African Civilisation
- Islam and Christianity in the West African Economic Area
- Economic Profile of West African countries
- Businesspeople in the West African Economic Area
- Interactions of the West African Economic Area with the rest of African Economic Areas (Central Africa, Southern Africa, East Africa, and Maghrebian)
- Interactions of the West African Economic Area with the economic areas of other civilisations
- Logistics in West Africa
- Economic institutions related to the West African Economic Area
The objectives of the subject “West African Economic Area” are
- To define the economic characteristics of the Economic Area of the Africa
- To know the economic profile of the countries of West Africa
- To understand the influence of Islam and Christianity in the West African Economic Area
- To learn the processes of economic integration in the West African Economic Area
- To analyse the main businesspeople in the region
- To explore the economic relationships with others economic areas of the different civilisations
- To analyse the main economic institutions related to the West African Economic Area
Subject Description: West African Economic Area:
The Economic Area of West Africa consists of fifteen countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea
Conakry, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
- English and French are the main “linguas francas” in the region.
- Portuguese is spoken in Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau.
- Arabic is spoken in the northern Sahel.
- One should also take into account local languages like Yoruba, Hausa or Wolof.
- Major religions in West Africa are Islam (54% of the population) and Christianity.
- The main economy in the region is Nigeria, which is also the first African economy, and may be the Central State of the African Civilisation.
- Senegal is a country of reference, especially in the francophone area.
- West Africa is the most dynamic region of Africa
- Largest ports in West Africa are Port of Abidjan, Lagos, Dakar, Tema, Lomé, and Cotonou
- Trans-African crossing through West Africa:
Corridor Cairo-Dakar, Corridor Dakar-Lagos, Corridor Lagos-Mombasa, Trans-Sahelian Highway, Algiers-Lagos Corridor, N’Djamena-Djibouti Corridor
There are three major processes of integration in West Africa:
- Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo
are members of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
- Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo are members of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)
- Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone are members of the West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ)
Others agreements and institutions in West Africa.
- Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Togo are members of the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
- Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, and Senegal are members of the Organisation for the Development of the Senegal River
- Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea are members of the Mano River Union (MRU)
- Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria are part of the Niger Basin Authority
- Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal, and Togo are part of the Organisation for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa (OHADA)
- The Bank of Central African States
- The Maritime Organisation for West and Central Africa
Nigerian Businesswomen: Hajia Bola Shagaya, Folorunsho Alakija, Adenike Ogunlesi, Folake Folarin-Coker, Dra. Amina Odidi, and Tara Fela-Durotoye.
Nigerian businesspeople: Alhaji Aliko Dangote, Dr. Mike Adenuga, Abdulsamad Rabiu, Tunde Folawiyo, Tony Elumelu, Orji Uzor Kalu, Adewale Tinubu, Jim Ovia, Theophilus Yakubu Danjuma, Dr. Alhaji Muhammadu Indimi, and Olufemi Otedola
Personalities of the West Africa: Cheikh Anta Diop, Ahmadou Hampaté Bá, Boubou Hama, Wole Soyinka, Leopold Sédar Senghor, Christophe Wondji, Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Djibril Tamsir Niane, Albert Adu Boahen Kwadwo, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, and Akin Mabogunje.
Interactions of the West African Economic Area with other civilisations
Generalised System of Preferences (SPG) of the EU
- West African beneficiaries countries of the Scheme Everything But Arms (EBA) of the EU: Niger, Benin, Liberia, Togo, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Cape Verde, and Guinea-Bissau
- Cape Verde is a beneficiary of the SPG+
Cape Verde, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo are part of the Cotonou Agreement of the European Union (EU).
The EU has a Free Trade Agreement with Ivory Coast
All the countries in West Africa are beneficiaries of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) of the United States.
Trade Preferential System among the Member States of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC-TPS)
- No country
in West Africa
has signed the Framework Agreement + PRETAS (Protocol on the Preferential Tariff Scheme) + Rules of origin
- Guinea, Niger, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Burkina Faso, Benin, Nigeria, and Ivory Coast have signed the Framework Agreement + PRETAS
- Senegal only has signed
the Framework Agreement
- Mali and Togo have not ratified the Agreement.
All the countries of the West Africa are members of the African Development Bank, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), the African Union (UA), and the Economic Commission for Africa (CEA).
EENI's students in Burkina Faso
❮ Samples ❯