EENI-Business School

African Value Chains

EENI- School of International Business

Subject: African Value Chains. Trade Facilitation. Syllabus:

  1. Introduction to the African Value Chains
  2. Opportunities for the African Companies
  3. African Growth Poles
  4. How can the African enterprises take advantage of the value chains?
  5. Case Study: The Cocoa Value Chain in West Africa
  6. Rules of Origin and transport costs
  7. Export costs in Africa
  8. Trade Facilitation
  9. One-stop border post
  10. FDI Cooperation
  11. Case Study: Shoprite (the African largest food retailer)
Subject “African Value Chains” is studied...
  1. Doctorate in Business in Africa
  2. Masters: International Business, Africa
  3. Courses (Distance learning): African Regional Integration, Logistics in Africa
  4. Degree in Inter-African Business

Languages of study English or French Chaines Valeur Afrique Spanish Cadenas de valor africanas Portuguese Cadeias de valor africanas

The African Development Bank estimates that the cost to transport a container from Durban (South Africa) to Lusaka (Zambia) - 1.633 kilometres/ 1.015 miles- are 8,000 dollars, and 1.800 from Durban to Japan!.

Sample of the subject - African Value Chains:
African Value Chains

We Trust in Africa

Description of the Subject: African Value Chains.

The Regional Integration in Africa should facilitate the African Value Chains, both for regional market and for the global market.

  1. Regional Trade and cross-border investments are a key factor for the development of the Value Chains in Africa (economic area of the African Civilisation)
  2. The role of the Regional Economic Communities is critical, by ex. reducing the non-tariff barriers (Rules of Origin) in Africa
  3. In some African Countries (South Africa, Egypt, Morocco, Ethiopia, Kenya or Tunisia), the companies are improving their value addition in several sectors

The Regional Economic Communities are working in trade facilitation programs, but the cost of trading in Africa is not competitive in many cases.

There are good examples of improving the African Value Chains. By example...

  1. The Cocoa Value Chain in West Africa (mainly in Ghana and Ivory Coast, the world largest exporters of cocoa), has increased from 12% (2000) to 18.6% (2013), by liberalisation and incentives programs (economic free zones), attracting foreign investors
  2. Today more than 1 Million people in Ivory Coast and 800,000 in Ghana work in the Cocoa Sector. Local farmers are receiving a fixed price (70% of FOB price)
  3. The Egyptian textile sector has substantially increased his value addition, and today contributes to 27% of the Egyptian total production
  4. According to the African Development Bank, the One-stop border post can help to reduce clearance times (Customs Procedures) at the borders. By example, between Uganda and Kenya (Malaba), the border-crossing time has been reduced from 24 hours (2011) to 4 hours (2012)
  5. In Chirundu (border post Zimbabwe - Zambia) the One-stop border post, part of the North-South Corridor, the time for cross the border for the lorries has been reduced from 3 days to 2 hours

Shoprite (Africa's largest food retailer) South Africa:
Shoprite Africa largest food retailer

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