ICT, Regional Trade, and Integration in Africa
EENI - Business School.
Subject (Course): Information and communications technology (ICT) for Regional Trade and Integration in Africa. Syllabus:
- Introduction to the Information and communications technology (ICT) for Regional Trade and Integration in Africa
- e-Commerce: the next growth frontier of Africa
- ITC Initiatives in Regional Economic Communities (REC):
- Case Study: Online Nigerian retail sites (DealDey, Konga, Jumia)
- ICT and Trade Facilitation in Africa
- Automated System for Customs Data and Management (ASYCUDA)
- Case Study: the Kenya Ports Authority and the Kilindini Waterfront
- Case Study: National single window (NSW) in Ghana, Namibia, Malawi, and Mozambique
- Automated Terminal Operating System
- ICT and transport corridors
- ICT and payment systems.
- Cross-border mobile payments
- East African Payment System (EAPS)
Sample of the subject - ICT for Regional Trade and Integration in Africa:
Subject Description (Africa:
ICT - Regional Trade and Integration).
- The intensive use of information and communications technology (ICT)
can reduce the export and logistics costs of Intra-African Trade, especially for landlocked developing African
countries and can reduce corruption.
- All the players participating in the
African value chain (Governments, agencies, importers, exporters, customs agencies, logistics companies, banks…) can take advantages of ICT applied to inter-African
- Standardisation of Customs Clearance System in Africa is necessary and is one of the aims of the African Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA).
- Kenya, Senegal, and South Africa and good examples of customs automation (paperless trade).
- Ghana, Namibia, Malawi or Mozambique are real cases of development of National single windows.
- The implementation of National single window in Ghana has reduced the cost and the time of exporting by 65%.
- One obstacle to the intensive use of these technologies is the poor interconnectivity and the long distances.
- In general, Information and communications technology (ICT) framework for e-commerce is not developed in Africa.
- The traditional lack of trust of the African consumer is more serious and complex in the digital world.
- In Nigeria; we can
observe a boom in e-commerce. Several Online Nigerian retail
sites (DealDey, Konga, Jumia) are leading e-commerce initiatives in West Africa. E-commerce sales are doubled last year (about 382 million dollars), generating more than
six million jobs.
- According to AT Kearney, in Africa South of Sahara, there were 650
million mobile users (2011), the so-called “Africa’s mobile revolution.”
- The African Development Bank estimates that the Information and communications technology (ICT) contributes around
7% of the gross domestic product in Africa.
- ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States), SADC (Southern African Development Community)
and EAC (East African Community)
are developing remarkable ICT projects related to the intra-regional trade.
- The Egyptian Ahmed Mekky is one of the leaders of the telecommunications sector in the MENA region.