Religious diversity in West Africa

EENI- School of International Business

Sub-subject: Islam and Christianity in West Africa. Muslim Businesspeople. Syllabus:

1- Religious diversity in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region: Islam and Christianity.

2- Case Study - Muslims Businesspeople in West Africa:

  1. Alhaji Aliko Dangote
  2. Dr. Amina Odidi
  3. Tunde Folawiyo
  4. Hajia Bola Shagaya
  5. Adewale Tinubu
  6. Dr. Alhaji Muhammadu Indimi
  7. Olufemi Otedola
  8. Abdulsamad Rabiu

3- Case Study - Christian businesspeople in West Africa:

  1. Folorunsho Alakija
  2. Dr. Mike Adenuga
  3. Orji Uzor Kalu
  4. Theophilus Yakubu Danjuma
Sub-subject “Religious diversity in West Africa” is studied…
  1. Course Business in West Africa
  2. Masters of business (e-learning): International Business (MIB), Muslims Countries, and Africa
  3. Professional Doctorates (DIB): Ethics, Religion, and Business, Islamic Countries, and DIB Africa

Learning materials in En or Fr Islam Afrique Ouest Es Islam Africa

Alhaji Aliko Dangote

Sub-Subject Description: Religious diversity in West Africa:

The West African region (261 millions of people) is composed of the following countries Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.

There are two key economic institutions:

  1. Economic Community of West African States
  2. West African Economic and Monetary Union

The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Member States cover an area of 1.5 million square kilometres, accounting for 17% of the total area of Africa.

The largest countries are Niger (24.8%) and Mali (24.3%), while the smallest country is Cape Verde (0.1%).

Islam in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region (Africa)
Islam ECOWAS

Muslim Population in West Africa (ECOWAS countries):

Country
Niger
Senegal
Mali
Guinea
The Gambia
Sierra Leone
Burkina Faso
Nigeria
Guinea-Bissau
Ivory Coast
Benin
Togo
Ghana
TOTAL
Population (million)
11.6
11.1
12.3
9.5
1.6
6.0
13.9
128.8
1.4
17.3
7.4
5.7
21.1
247.8
% Population
96
95
94
92
90
65
65
50
50
40
24
20
16
54%
Muslims
11.189.700
10.570.490
11.554.037
8.710.437
1.433.930
3.911.468
9.051.453
64.385.994
708.014
6.919.216
1.790.406
1.136.304
3.364.776
134.726.225

As shown in this table Islam represents 54% of the population of West Africa, representing about 135 million Muslims, mostly Sunnis. No doubt, Nigeria is the great country to be considered from this point of view.

Unlike the Arab Maghreb Union, these two institutions (ECOWAS and WAEMU) are not homogeneous from a religious point of view. More or less the “religious forces” are part divided almost equally between Islam and Christianity, without forgetting the importance of animism always latent in these countries.

There are countries in the region in which Muslims are an almost absolute majority, while in others, are only a minority. In countries like Nigeria, the Northern states as in the state of Kano, Sharia is applied; while in countries such as Togo or Ghana, Islam represents only 20% of the population.

Adewale Tinubu Nigeria

Amina Odidi Nigeria

Tunde Folawiyo Nigeria

Religions and International Business



EENI Business School