Sub-subject: Islam and Christianity in West Africa. Muslim Businesspeople. Syllabus:
1- Religious diversity in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region: Islam and Christianity.
2- Case Study - Muslims Businesspeople in West Africa:
3- Case Study - Christian businesspeople in West Africa:
Sub-Subject Description: Religious diversity in West Africa:
The West African region (261 millions of people) is composed of the following
countries Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Member States cover an area of 1.5 million square kilometres, accounting for 17% of the total area of Africa.
The largest countries are Niger (24.8%) and Mali (24.3%), while the smallest country is Cape Verde (0.1%).
Islam in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) region (Africa)
Muslim Population in West Africa (ECOWAS countries):
As shown in this table Islam represents 54% of the population of West Africa, representing about 135 million Muslims, mostly Sunnis. No doubt, Nigeria is the great country to be considered from this point of view.
Unlike the Arab Maghreb Union, these two institutions (ECOWAS and WAEMU) are not homogeneous from a religious point of view. More or less the “religious forces” are part divided almost equally between Islam and Christianity, without forgetting the importance of animism always latent in these countries.
There are countries in the region in which Muslims are an almost absolute majority, while in others, are only a minority. In countries like Nigeria, the Northern states as in the state of Kano, Sharia is applied; while in countries such as Togo or Ghana, Islam represents only 20% of the population.