Business in Lebanon

EENI- School of International Business

Subject Subject (Course): Foreign Trade and Business in Lebanon - Beirut. Syllabus:

  1. Introduction to the Lebanese Republic (the Middle East).
  2. Doing Business in Beirut.
  3. Lebanese economy.
  4. Lebanese foreign trade
  5. Lebanese Customs Administration
  6. Business Opportunities in Lebanon:
    1. Agro-industry
    2. Industry
    3. Information Technology
    4. Business Process Outsourcing
    5. Telecommunication
    6. Tourism
    7. Media and film industry
  7. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Lebanon.
  8. Investment Development Authority of Lebanon (IDAL)
  9. Case Study:
    1. Nayla Hayek
    2. Ayah Bdeir
    3. Lebanese largest companies
    4. INDEVCO
  10. Introduction to Arabic
  11. Lebanese market access
  12. Business Plan for Lebanon

Objectives of the subject “Foreign Trade and Doing Business in the Lebanese Republic”:

  1. To analyse the Lebanese economy and foreign trade
  2. To evaluate business opportunities in the Lebanese Republic
  3. To explore Lebanon's trade relations with the student's country
  4. To know Lebanon's Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)
  5. To examine the profile of Lebanese companies
  6. To develop a business plan for the Lebanese market


Subject “Doing Business in Lebanon” is studied...
  1. Masters (e-learning): International Business, Muslims Countries
  2. Doctorate in Business in the Islamic Countries
  3. Course: the Middle East

Learning materials in English or Spanish Libano French Liban

  1. Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Doing Business in Lebanon”: 2 ECTS Credits / 1 AC Credits
  2. Duration: two weeks

ماجستير في التجارة الخارجية و التسويق الدولي

Master International Business for Lebanese students

Sample of the subject - Foreign Trade and Doing Business in Lebanon
Doing Business in Lebanon

Description Subject Description: International Trade and Doing Business in Lebanon.

The Lebanese Republic:

  1. With 5.8 million of people, the Lebanon has 75% of Muslim population and 25% of Christians.
  2. The Lebanese Republic shares borders with Syria and Israel.
  3. Arab and French are the official languages.
  4. The capital of the Lebanese Republic is Beirut (1.8 million of people), an important regional Port of the foreign trade.
  5. The main cities: Beirut, Baabda, Saida, Baalbek, Zahle, Tripoli, and Nabatiyeh
  6. The Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) has his headquarters in Beirut (Lebanon).
  7. Independence of Lebanon: 1946 (from France)
  8. Lebanese Government: Parliamentary Democracy
  9. Area: 10,452 square kilometres
  10. Human Development Index: 0.765

Religion in Lebanon.

  1. Islam Sunni is the main religion in Lebanon (75% population), the largest school of Islamic Jurisprudence is the Hanafi.
  2. In Lebanon, there are about 1 million Maronites (Christians Catholics).
  3. Beirut is divided between the Christian and the Muslim part.

Lebanon belongs to the Arab Economic Area of the Islamic Civilisation.

Nayla Hayek Lebanese Businesswoman

Lebanese Economy.

  1. Lebanese agricultural sector accounts for about 7% of GDP.
  2. Lebanese industrial sector represents 22% of GDP and the services sector 71% of the gross domestic product, highlighting the financial and commercial sector.
  3. Top Lebanese public companies: Middle East Airlines, Electricity of Lebanon, Water Company, TV Lebanon Tobacco Company, and the National Wheat and Beet.
  4. Currency: Lebanese Pound (LBP)
  5. Unemployment Rate: 13%
  6. Labour Force: 1.6 millions of people

Sample of the subject - Foreign Trade and Doing Business in Lebanon
INDEVCO Group Lebanon

Foreign Trade of Lebanon.

  1. Major supplier countries of the Lebanese Republic: the United States (11%), China (9%), France (8%), Italy (7%), and Germany (6.3%).
  2. Major export destinations of the Republic of Lebanon: Switzerland, Iraq, Syria, and Saudi Arabia
  3. Machinery and electrical equipment accounted for 21% of exports of Lebanon, jewellery (13%), chemicals (11%), and food (7%).
  4. Top Lebanese imports: Mineral fuels (27%), machinery (12%), transport equipment (12%), and export of pharmaceutical products (4%).

Lebanon's Regional Institutions and Trade Agreements.

European Union-Lebanon Association Agreement

  1. Arab League
  2. The European Union has a preferential trade agreement with Lebanon.
  3. European Union-Lebanon Association Agreement (Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, EUROMED)
  4. Agreements with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) and Turkey
  5. Lebanon has Trade Agreements with multiples countries: Syria (1993), Kuwait (1996), and Egypt (1998)
  6. Summit of South American-Arab Countries (ASPA)
  7. Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED)
  8. Islamic Development Bank
  9. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
  10. Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
  11. World Bank (WB)
  12. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  13. United Nations

EFTA-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement

Carlos Slim (Maronite of Lebanese ascendency)
Carlos Slim Mexican Businessman

Safra (Judaism)
Joseph Zafra (Brazilian Banker)

Ayah Bdeir:
Ayah Bdeir

Turkey-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement
Turkey-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement

U-EENI University