EENI Global Business School.

Trade and Business in Lebanon

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Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in Lebanon - Beirut.

  1. Introduction to the Lebanese Republic (Middle East);
  2. Doing Business in Beirut;
  3. Lebanese economy;
  4. Lebanese International Trade
    1. Lebanese Customs Administration.
  5. Business Opportunities in Lebanon:
    1. Agro-industry;
    2. Industry;
    3. Information Technology;
    4. Business Process Outsourcing;
    5. Telecommunication;
    6. Tourism;
    7. Media and film industry.
  6. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Lebanon
    1. Investment Development Authority of Lebanon (IDAL).
  7. Case Study:
    1. Nayla Hayek;
    2. Ayah Bdeir;
    3. Lebanese largest companies;
    4. INDEVCO.
  8. Access to the Lebanese market;
  9. Business Plan for Lebanon.

The objectives of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in the Lebanese Republic” are the following:

  1. To analyze the Lebanese Economy and Foreign Trade;
  2. To know the business opportunities in the Lebanese Republic;
  3. To explore the Lebanese trade relations with the country of the student;
  4. To know the Lebanese Free Trade Agreements (FTAs);
  5. To examine the profile of Lebanese companies;
  6. To develop a business plan for the Lebanese market.

Foreign Trade and Business in Lebanon
International Trade and Business in Lebanon

Trade and Business in the Middle East. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Online Student Master in International Business

The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Lebanon” belongs to the following Online Higher Educational Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Masters (MIB): International Business, Foreign Trade.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB) - Online Education

Doctorate (DIB): Islamic Business, World Trade.

Professional Doctorate in International Business (DIB). Online Education

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorate in International Business and Foreign Trade in English or Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Libano Study, Course Master Doctorate in International Business in French Liban.

  1. Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Lebanon”: 2 ECTS Credits;
  2. Duration: two weeks.

Lebanon, Master, Doctorate, International Business, Foreign Trade Master of Science in International Business for the Lebanese Students.

International Trade and Business in Lebanon.

Market Access - Free Trade Agreements (FTA). Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Lebanese Preferential Access and Free Trade Agreements:

  1. Lebanon and the Arab Economic Area;
  2. Greater Arab Free-Trade Area (GAFTA);
  3. European Union-Lebanon Association Agreement
    1. Euro-Mediterranean Partnership.
  4. Trade Agreements with Turkey, Syria, Kuwait, Egypt..;
  5. United Kingdom-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement (FTA);
  6. European Free Trade Association-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement;
  7. Islamic Trade Preferential System (TPS-OIC).

European Union-Lebanon Association Agreement

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Trade Facilitation Programs.

  1. World Trade Organization (WTO) (in process of accession);
  2. Customs Convention on Containers (CCC, UN);
  3. International Maritime Organization (IMO)
    1. Convention Relating to Temporary Admission (Istanbul Convention) - not a member.
  4. Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea (Hamburg Rules, UN);
  5. Uniform Rules concerning the Contract of International Carriage of Goods by Rail (CIM, CIT);
  6. Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF);
  7. International Bureau of Containers and Intermodal Transport (BIC);
  8. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO, Chicago Convention);
  9. International Road Transport Union (IRU)
    1. TIR Convention;
    2. Guidelines on Safe Load Securing for Road Transport.
  10. Is not a member of the World Customs Organization (WCO)
    1. Revised Kyoto Convention (RKC).

Islamic Organizations. Arab League. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Islamic Organizations:

  1. Arab League (LAS);
  2. Summit of South American-Arab Countries (ASPA);
  3. Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED);
  4. Islamic Development Bank (IsDB);
  5. Economic Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA);
  6. Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
    1. tanding Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (COMCEC);
    2. Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI);
    3. Islamic Centre for Development of Trade (ICDT);
    4. Statistical, Economic and Social Research and Training Centre for Islamic Countries (SESRIC).
  7. Afro-Arab Cooperation;
  8. Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA);
  9. Arab Development Funds;
  10. Arab Trade Financing Programme (ATFP).

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Globalization and International Organizations

Global Organizations:

  1. United Nations (UN)
    1. Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD);
    2. International Trade Centre (INTRACEN);
    3. Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL);
    4. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
  2. World Bank (WB);
  3. World Trade Organization (WTO);
  4. International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Greater Arab Free-Trade Area GAFTA: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates

The Lebanese Republic:

  1. With 5.8 million people, Lebanon has 75% of Muslim population and 25% of Christians;
  2. The Lebanese Republic shares borders with Syria and Israel;
  3. Arab and French are the official languages in Lebanon;
  4. The capital of the Lebanese Republic is Beirut (1.8 million people), an important regional foreign trade Port;
  5. The main Lebanese cities are Beirut, Baabda, Saida, Baalbek, Zahle, Tripoli, and Nabatiyeh;
  6. The headquarters of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) are in Beirut (Lebanon);
  7. Independence of Lebanon: 1946 (from France);
  8. Lebanese Government: Parliamentary Democracy;
  9. Area of Lebanon: 10,452 square kilometers;
  10. Human Development Index of Lebanon: 0.765.

Religion in Lebanon.

  1. Islam Sunni is the main religion in Lebanon (75% population), the largest school of Islamic Jurisprudence is the Hanafi;
  2. In Lebanon, there are about 1 million Maronites (Christians Catholics);
  3. Beirut is divided between Christian and Muslim areas.

Lebanon belongs to the Arab Economic Area (Islamic Civilization).

Islam and Global Business. Islamic Economic Areas. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Christianity and Global Business (Catholicism, Protestantism)

Nayla Hayek, Christian Orthodox Businesswoman. Chairwoman, Board of Directors Swatch Group (Lebanon)

Lebanese Economy.

  1. The Lebanese agricultural sector accounts for about 7% of the GDP;
  2. The Lebanese industrial sector represents 22% of the GDP and the services sector 71% of the gross domestic product, highlighting the financial and commercial sector;
  3. Top Lebanese public companies: Middle East Airlines, Electricity of Lebanon, Water Company, TV Lebanon Tobacco Company, and the National Wheat and Beet;
  4. Currency of Lebanon: Lebanese Pound (LBP);
  5. Unemployment Rate: 13%;
  6. Labour Force in Lebanon: 1.6 million people.

INDEVCO Group Lebanon

Foreign Trade (Importing, Exporting) Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Foreign Trade of Lebanon.

  1. Major supplier of the Lebanese Republic: The United States (11%), China (9%), France (8%), Italy (7%), and Germany (6.3%);
  2. Major export destinations of the Republic of Lebanon: Switzerland, Iraq, Syria, and Saudi Arabia;
  3. Machinery and electrical equipment accounted for 21% of the Lebanese exports, jewellery (13%), chemicals (11%), and food (7%);
  4. Top Lebanese imports: Mineral fuels (27%), machinery (12%), transport equipment (12%), and pharmaceutical products (4%).

Carlos Slim (Maronite of the Lebanese ascendency)
Carlos Slim, Maronite Businessman, Philanthropist, the world's richest man (Mexico)

Safra (Judaism)
SAFRA Family, Brazil, One of the richest Banker in the World (Edmond Safra)

Ayah Bdeir:
Ayah Bdeir, Muslim Businesswoman, Canada/Lebanon

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement

Turkey-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
Turkey-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement

(c) EENI Global Business School (1995-2022)
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