The European Union

EENI- School of International Business

Subject: the European Union (EU): the world biggest single market. Syllabus:

The module on the European Union (EU) is made up of four parts:

  1. Introduction to the European Union (EU). The European institutions
    1. The BREXIT
  2. The European Single Market
  3. Doing business in the European Union countries
  4. The EU's international relations
    1. Relations between the European Union and its strategic partners
    2. EU Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)

European Union

NOTE: [] = number of ECTS credits ECTS Credits

1- Introduction to the European Union. The institutions of the EU

  1. Introduction to the European Union: the largest market in the world
  2. Objectives of the EU.
  3. Introduction to the EU budget and organisation
  4. The European Union in figures
  5. Law in the European Union
    1. EU Treaties: Rome, Maastricht, Lisbon...
    2. Regulations, Directives and other legislative acts of the European Union
  6. The functioning of the European Union
  7. Introduction to the economy of the European Union
    1. Amancio Ortega, the third richest man in the world
    2. The BREXIT
  8. Working for the European Union
  9. The EU as a member of the European Economic Area of the Western Christian Civilisation
    1. Christianity in Europe

The institutions of the European Union (EU).

  1. European Parliament
  2. European Council
    1. Council of the European Union
    2. Presidency of the Council of the EU
  3. European Commission
  4. Court of Justice of the European Union
  5. European Court of Auditors
  6. European Economic and Social Committee
  7. Strategy Europe 2020
  8. European Committee of the Regions
  9. European Investment Bank
  10. Decentralised EU Agencies
  11. European Structural and Investment Funds (EU)

Objectives of the Subject “Introduction to the European Union. European Institutions” are:

  1. To understand the importance of the European Union in the global scenario
  2. To analyse the basic principles and functioning of the EU
  3. To understand the basic concepts of Community Law.
  4. To assess the impact and causes of the BREXIT
  5. To know the role of each of the European Institutions
  6. To know the specialised agencies of the EU
  7. To analyse the structural and investment funds of the European Union

2- The European Single Market (EU)

  1. The European Single Market (EU): the principle of free movement of persons, services, capital and goods
  2. The Services Directive of the European Single Market
  3. The Digital Agenda for Europe: towards a European Digital Single Market
  4. The Taxation System in the Single Market.
  5. The Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) of the EU
  6. The role of the European Central Bank (ECB)
  7. The European Customs Union (EU)

3- Doing Business in the European Union countries

1. The Economic Profile of the EU member states

2. The five largest economies of the European Union

  1. Germany: the leading European economy and political leader of the European Union [3]
  2. The United Kingdom: How will the BREXIT affect the second EU economy? [3]
  3. France: the third European economy, the importance of the Francophonie [3]
  4. Italy: the fourth largest EU economy [2]
  5. Spain: the fifth European economy, a gateway to Latin America [2]

3. The EU Scandinavian countries

  1. Sweden: a service economy based on technological innovation [1]
  2. Finland: one of the highest welfare system in the world [1]

4. Other continental European Union countries

  1. Austria: one of the richest nations in the world [1]
  2. Belgium: Brussels, the political centre of the EU [1]
  3. Denmark: one of the least corrupt countries [1]
  4. The Netherlands: The Port of Rotterdam, the largest in the EU [1]
  5. Luxembourg: one of the biggest financial centres in Europe [1]

5. The case of Portugal: a service-oriented economy, the connection with the Lusophony [1]

6. The case of Greece: the country with the largest merchant marine in the world [1]

7. The EU Island countries

  1. Ireland: the Celtic Tiger [1]
  2. Cyprus: the world's fourth largest ocean fleet [1]
  3. Malta: a strategic position between Europe and the MENA Region (the North of Africa and the Middle East) [1]

8. The European Union countries that belonged to the Soviet Union

  1. Bulgaria: an economy based on the metallurgical sector [1]
  2. Slovakia: an automotive economic power [1]
  3. Hungary: the largest producer of mobile phones in the European Union [1]
  4. The Czech Republic: a highly exporting Central European country [1]
  5. Poland: the largest market in Central Europe [1]
  6. Romania: one of the largest exporters of agricultural products of the EU [1]

9. The European Union countries of the former Yugoslavia:

  1. Croatia: the last country to join the EU [1]
  2. Slovenia: an exporter of winter sports products [1]

10. The Baltic Tigers of the European Union

  1. Estonia: the most digital country of the EU [1]
  2. Latvia: a very high human development country [1]
  3. Lithuania: one of the EU countries with largest economic growth [1]

4- Foreign trade and international relations of the European Union. Export to the EU

EU International Relations the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), the European Economic Area, Asia-Europe, the ASEAN, the Cotonou Agreement with Africa, the Agadir Agreement.

  1. European Foreign Policy
  2. European External Action Service (EEAS)
  3. Foreign trade of the European Union
  4. EU Enlargement
  5. European Neighbourhood Policy
  6. Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED)
  7. Eastern Partnership
  8. South Caucasus
  9. Western Balkans
  10. Black Sea Synergy
  11. Adriatic-Ionian Initiative
  12. Market Access Database (MADB) for European exports to third countries
  13. EU Export Helpdesk: EU export/import tariffs with developing countries.

EU relations with strategic partners

  1. The United States
    1. The future Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)
  2. Canada (Trade Agreement, negotiation)
  3. China
  4. India
  5. South Korea (Free Trade Agreement, 2015)

Trade Agreements of the European Union

EU Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)

EU Agreements with the American Countries

  1. EU-CELAC Summit
  2. Andean Countries (FTA with Colombia and Peru, 2012)
  3. MERCOSUR (not in force)
  4. Mexico (Economic Partnership Agreement, Political Coordination and Cooperation, 2000)
  5. Economic Association Agreements with Central America (2012), the CARIFORUM, Chile (2005)
  6. Trade Agreement provisionally applied with Ecuador (2017)

EU agreements with other European Countries

  1. European Free Trade Association (AELC) (European Economic Area)
  2. Partnership and Cooperation Agreement European Union-Russia
  3. Stabilisation and Association Agreements with Albania (2006), Bosnia and Herzegovina (2015), Kosovo (2016), Macedonia (2004), Montenegro (2010) and Serbia (2013)
  4. Association Agreements with Georgia (2016) and Moldova (2016)
  5. The EU has a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (2016) and Association Agreement (2014) with Ukraine
  6. Trade Agreement with the Faroe Islands (1997)
  7. Collaboration and Cooperation Agreements with Armenia (1999) and Azerbaijan (1999)
  8. Customs Union with Andorra (1991), San Marino (1992) and Turkey

EU Agreements with the Asian Countries

  1. ASEAN (Association Agreement)
  2. Negotiation: free trade agreements with Singapore and Vietnam
  3. Partnership and Cooperation Agreement reinforced with Kazakhstan (2016)
  4. Association Agreements Provisional with Papua New Guinea (2011) and Fiji

EU Agreements with the Arab Countries

  1. Gulf Cooperation Council
  2. Association Agreements with Israel (2000), Jordan (2002), Lebanon (2003), the Palestinian Authority (1997) and Syria (1977)
  3. Partnership and Cooperation Agreement with Iraq (2012)

EU Agreements with the African Countries

  1. Cotonou Agreement (Strategic Partnership European Union-Africa)
  2. Agadir Agreement
  3. Economic Partnership Agreement with Algeria (2005), Ivory Coast (2016), Egypt (2004), Morocco (2000), Tunisia (1998), Cameroon, Ghana (pendent)
  4. Economic Partnership Agreement in negotiation with West African countries (ECOWAS and UEMOA)
  5. Trade, Development and Cooperation Agreement with South Africa (2000)
  6. Economic Partnership Agreements Interim with Cameroon (2009) and with the East African Community (EAC) (negotiation)
  7. Economic Partnership Agreements provisionally applied with Ghana (2016) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC, 2016)
    1. Economic Partnership Agreement with Madagascar, Mauricio, Seychelles and Zimbabwe (2009)

Export to the European Union. Import from the EU

  1. How to export to the EU
  2. The New Union Customs Code (European Union) (formerly: Community Customs Code)


Module “The European Union” is studied...
  1. Masters (e-learning): International Business, Europe, and Economic Relations

Course learning materials in English French UE Spanish UE Portuguese UE

Download the module syllabus: “The European Union” (PDF).

Master in International Business European Union students

The main objective of the module “The European Union (EU)” is to offer an overview of the complex workings of the European Union and its institutions, the EU economy and the business opportunities in the European market to develop a business plan for EU markets.

  1. To learn to do business in the European Union (EU)
  2. To analyse the influence of Christianity in the EU
  3. To analyse foreign trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) in the region
  4. To know business opportunities in the European Union
  5. To examine the international relations and the Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  6. To design a business plan for the European Union Markets

Intended to: subject intended for all those wanting to specialise in the European Union.

European Union-Chile Free Trade Agreement

Member States of the European Union (EU) are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Denmark, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Romania, and Sweden.

  1. On July 1, 2013, Croatia became the 28th member state of the EU.
  2. The EU population is 508 millions of people

Other Trade Policies of the European Union

  1. EU food security policy
  2. EU industrial policy
  3. EU agricultural policy
  4. EU fisheries policy
  5. EU environmental standards
  6. EU transport policy

European Union-Jordan Association Agreement

Religions in the European Union: Christianity (Catholicism, Orthodox, Protestantism, Anglicans).

EENI - European Students:
EENI European Students

Samples - the EU

Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)

European Union-Central America Free Trade Agreement

European Union-Mexico Free Trade Agreement

Economic Partnership Agreement CARIFORUM-European Union

European Union-Turkey Customs Union

U-EENI University