EENI Global Business School
Business in Egypt, Cairo

Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in the Arab Republic of Egypt. Cairo

  1. Introduction to the Arab Republic of Egypt
  2. Doing Business in Cairo, Alexandria, Shubra El Kheima, Giza, Port Said, Suez
  3. Egyptian economy
    1. Growing Sectors of the economy
  4. International Trade (Import, Export) of Egypt
  5. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Egypt
  6. Open a business in Egypt
  7. Cost of doing business in Egypt
  8. Business Plan for Egypt
  9. Access to the Egyptian Market
Transport and Logistics in Egypt
  1. Egyptian ports
  2. Suez Canal
  3. Trans-African corridors
    1. Cairo-Gaborone Corridor
    2. Cairo-Dakar Corridor

Egyptian Businessman:

  1. Ahmed Mekky
  2. Tarek Talaat Moustafa
  3. Hassan Abdalla
  4. Mohamed Mansour
  5. Onsi Sawiris - Orascom Telecomm
  6. Minoush Abdel-Meguid

The aims of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in the Arab Republic of Egypt” are the following:

  1. To analyse the Egyptian Economy and Foreign Trade (Import, Export, FDI)
  2. To understand the strategic importance of the Suez Canal
  3. To know the business opportunities in Egypt
  4. To explore the Egyptian trade relations with the country of the student
  5. To know the Egyptian Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)
  6. To examine the profile of Egyptian Businesspeople
  7. To develop a business plan for the Egyptian Market

Sample - Doing Business in Egypt:
Hassan Abdalla. Egyptian Muslim Businessman (Master Business Egypt)





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The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Egypt” belongs to the following Online Higher Educational Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:
  1. Doctorates: Islamic Business, African Business, World Trade
  2. Diploma: Business in East Africa
  3. Masters: Business in Africa, Muslim Countries, International Business

Online Student Master in International Business

Egypt, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Masters and Doctorates in International Business adapted to the Egyptian Students.

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorates in International Business in English or Study, Master in International Business in French Égypte Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Egito Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Egipto

  1. Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Egypt”: 3 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: three weeks

ماجستير في التجارة الخارجية و التسويق الدولي

Description: Foreign Trade and Business in Egypt

Egypt: Strategic location (Africa - the Middle East). Control of the Suez Canal.

Egyptian Market Access and Free Trade Agreements.

  1. Egypt and the East African Economic Area
  2. Arab Mediterranean Free Trade Agreement - Agadir Agreement (العربية المتوسطية اتفاقية للتجارة الحرة - اتفاقية أغادير)
    1. Egypt-Jordan-Morocco-Tunisia Free Trade Agreement (FTA) / Agadir Agreement
  3. Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
  4. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
    1. COMESA-United States Trade and Investment Framework Agreement
  5. COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Agreement
  6. African Continental Free-Trade Area (AfCFTA)
  7. Free Trade Agreement (FTA) with Cameroon
  8. MERCOSUR-Egypt Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  9. Turkey-Egypt Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  10. European Free Trade Association (EFTA)-Egypt Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  11. Islamic Trade Preferential System (TPS-OIC)
  12. Greater Arab Free-Trade Area (GAFTA)
  13. Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA)
  14. Arab Trade Financing Programme (ATFP)
  15. Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP)
  16. Protocol Relating to Trade Negotiations Among Developing Countries (PTN)
  17. Nile Basin Initiative (NBI)
  18. European Union:
    1. European Union-Egypt Association Agreement
    2. European Neighbourhood Policy
    3. Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (EUROMED)
  19. United Kingdom-Egypt Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  20. Organisation of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (Observer)
  21. Central American Integration System (SICA) (Observer)
  22. International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) - Guest Member
  23. Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA) (dialogue partner)

COMESA Custom Union

Foreign Trade Facilitation. TFA Agreement. Customs. Payments. Global Supply Chain

Greater Arab Free-Trade Area GAFTA: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, and the United Arab Emirates

Arab Republic of Egypt

The Arab Republic of Egypt stands at a fortunate strategic location linking Asia (Middle East), Africa, and Europe

  1. Capital of Egypt: Cairo
  2. Largest cities: Cairo, Alexandria, Shubra El Kheima, Giza, Port Said, Suez
  3. Egyptian language: Arabic
  4. Egypt is Semi-Presidential Republic
  5. Egypt became independent from the United Kingdom in 1922
  6. Area of Egypt: 1,001,459 square kilometres
  7. Egyptian population: 97 million people
  8. 20% of the Egyptian population is under the poverty line
  9. Currency of Egypt: Egyptian Pound
  10. Uncertainty after the Arab Spring, so great caution when doing business is advised
  11. Almost six out of ten Egyptians are under twenty-five years
  12. Egyptians are enthusiastic, educated, forward-thinking and open to new opportunities
  13. The educational system has improved significantly
  14. Egypt offers comparatively well-qualified
  15. The Arab Republic of Egypt has developed a multi-cultural community, mixing traditions of Africa and the Middle East
  16. Egyptian borders: Israel, Jordan, Libya, Palestine, Saudi Arabia and Sudan

Minoush Abdel-Meguid, Egyptian Banker and Businesswoman, Muslim (Egypt, Master)

More information: Egypt (EENI African Portal).

We Trust in Africa (EENI African Portal)

Egypt, the “cultural lighthouse” of the Arab Countries.

Religion in Egypt.

Islam is the state religion since 1980.

  1. Egypt is predominantly Sunni Muslim, with 80 million Muslims (94.7% of the population in 2010)
  2. Sharia is the primary source of legislation
  3. Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence): Maliki
  4. There are an estimated 12 million Coptic Orthodox

Egypt belongs to the East African Economic Area of the African Civilisation, but culturally also it belongs to the Islamic Civilisation.

Egyptian Ports, Alexandria, Port Said (biggest traffic of the World). El Adabey, Hurghada (maritime transport course)

Egyptian Economy.

  1. Egypt is a gateway to the largest markets by the way of preferential and regional trade agreements
  2. Egypt's 90 million population, growing at a rate of 2% annually, represents a significant local market for any investor
  3. Customs duties reduction has opened the Egyptian market to international trade
  4. Business procedures have been reduced
  5. Corporate and personal taxes have been cut
  6. The cost of doing business in the Arab Republic of Egypt is greatly favourable, particularly labour and land costs
  7. Movement of products is being speeded up with an improved transport system
  8. The Egyptian ports are being modernised
  9. The Arab Republic of Egypt is the economic and cultural centre of a region of 800 million people and a hub for maritime traffic with commercial ports on the Mediterranean and Red Sea
  10. Egyptian GDP (nominal): 216,830 billion
  11. Inflation (CPI): 10.1%
  12. Unemployment in Egypt: 9.7%
  13. The main Egyptian economic sectors are tourism, textiles, cement, food industry, chemicals, metals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, and light manufacturing
  14. Egypt is considered the gateway to some of the largest markets in the world (Egypt maintains preferential trade agreements with several countries)
  15. The airports are being remodelled to meet the growing flow of passengers and cargo; a modern road network is linking Egypt to the Middle East, Africa and, through the neighbouring countries, to Europe

Ahmed Mekky is the co-founder and Managing Director (CEO) of Gulf Bridge International.

Suez Canal (Egypt): 8% of World Seaborne Trade

Egyptian Foreign Trade.

  1. Egyptian exports: 22.91 billion dollars
  2. The main Egyptian Export Markets are Italy, the United States, Spain, India, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Japan
  3. Egyptian imports: 43.98 billion dollars
  4. The major suppliers of Egypt are the United States, China, Italy, Germany, and Saudi Arabia

Investment Environment in the Arab Republic of Egypt.

The Ministry of Investment implements definitive policies to promote and develop the foreign direct investment by:

  1. Creating the appropriate organisational and legislative environment for investment
  2. Foreign direct investment promotion
  3. Efficiency progress measurement

European Union-Egypt Association Agreement

(c) EENI Global Business School (1995-2021)
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