Online Course: African Continental Free-Trade Area

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Syllabus of the eLearning Course (Subject): African Continental Free-Trade Area (CFTA).

  1. Introduction to the African Continental Free-Trade Area (CFTA)
  2. Towards the African Continental Free-Trade Area (CFTA)
  3. Why Africa needs the Continental Free-Trade Area?
  4. Theories of the Free-Trade Areas
  5. Main objectives of the African Continental Free-Trade Area
    1. Increase the Intra-Africa Trade
  6. Benefits of the Continental Free-Trade Area for Africa
  7. Empirical Analysis of the CFTA (African Continental Free-Trade Area): economic gains and losses
  8. Economic impact of the African Continental Free-Trade Area (2017)
  9. Potential scenarios:
    1. South - Eastern FTA (COMESA, SADC, EAC, and IGAD) - Tripartite Agreement
    2. North - West - Central FTA (ECOWAS, CEN-SAD, ECCAS, and AMU)
  10. Economic impacts of the Continental Customs Union (2019)
  11. Perspectives of the African Continental Free-Trade Area
  12. Road Map and Architecture of the CFTA
  13. Bodies of the African Continental Free-Trade Area

The aims of the Online Course / Subject “African Continental Free-Trade Area (CFTA)” are the following:

  1. To understand the objectives of the African Continental Free-Trade Area
  2. To evaluate the advantages and economic impact on the African Countries of the African Continental Free-Trade Area
  3. To analyse the two possible scenarios for the realisation of the African Continental Free-Trade Area
  4. To know the roadmap and architecture of the CFTA
The eLearning Course (Subject) “African Continental Free-Trade Area (CFTA)” is part of the following Online Higher Education Programs (Bachelors, Master of Science, Doctorates) taught by EENI Business School & HA University:
  1. Online Doctorates: Business in Africa, Foreign Trade and International Marketing
  2. Masters (Distance learning): International Business, Foreign Trade, Africa
  3. Course: Regional Integration in Africa
  4. Bachelor of Science in Inter-African Business

E-learning Doctorates and Masters in International Business

Languages of study Online Higher Education in English or Study, Master in International Business in French Zone de libre-échange continentale africaine Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Zona de Libre Comercio Africana Online Tertiary Education in Portuguese Área de Livre Comércio Continental Africana

Sample of the e-learning Course / Subject - African Continental Free-Trade Area
African Free-Trade Area (Doctorate, Master)





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African Portal - EENI Business School & HA University

African Portal - EENI Business School & HA University

Description of the Course / Subject (Online Learning): African Continental Free-Trade Area.

African Continental Free-Trade Area (CFTA)
- Fifty-four countries
- 1 billion people
- Combined GDP: 1.2 trillion dollars

In 1962 was created the Organisation of the African Union, one of his objectives was to search a socio-economic model for the Post-independence period with the vision on “Unity and Integration.”

In 1980 was adopted the Lagos Plan and in 1991 the Abuja Treaty with the aim of creating the African Economic Community in six phases in thirty-four years, where the Regional Economic Communities (REC) should play a fundamental role. In 2000 was set-up the African Union.

However, today, the vision of a “Pan-African Market Integrationhas not achieved. By example, the intra-African trade represents only 10%.

66% of the African nations are limiting the market access conditions, and protectionism is still predominant in the Government policies, mainly in the Agriculture sector.

In 2012, the African Union announced the Action Plan for Boosting Intra-African Trade with the aim to boost the intra-African trade by 35 billion dollars every year (mainly agriculture and industrial products) and reducing the African imports from the world by 10 billion dollars.

The main objectives of the African Continental Free-Trade Area (CFTA) are:

  1. The creation of the Continental Customs Union (2019). Free Movement of people, products, services and investment
  2. To boost the intra-African trade
  3. To find a solution for the so-called “Spaghetti Bowl” and overlapping of roles and countries in the Regional Economic Communities
  4. To improve the African industry sector

Africa Free-Trade Area (e-Course)

The Tripartite FTA or OHADA are excellent examples of the benefits of the future African Continental Free-Trade Area (CFTA).

Today fifteen Regional Economic Communities are working for Regional Integration in Africa:

- Community of Sahel-Saharan States
- Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
- East African Community
- Economic Community of Central African States
- Economic Community of West African States
- Intergovernmental Authority on Development
- Southern African Development Community
- Arab Maghreb Union
- Southern African Customs Union
- Mano River Union
- Indian Ocean Commission
- West African Economic and Monetary Union
- West African Monetary Zone
- International Conference on the Great Lakes Region
- Central African Economic and Monetary Community

The Economic Commission for Africa identifies two scenarios:

1) The first group formed by the FTA- Tripartite Agreement (or South East Group) countries:
- COMESA
- EAC
- SADC

2) The second group (North-West-Central Africa) formed by
- ECOWAS
- CEN-SAD
- ECCAS
- AMU

Moreover, finally, the merger of these two groups into the African Continental Free-Trade Area (CFTA).

COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Agreement (Africa)

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