EENI Global Business School
Agreement on Safeguards (SG)

Syllabus of the Subject: WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)

  1. Introduction to the Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement) of the World Trade Organisation (WTO)
  2. Safeguards measures in international trade
  3. Prohibition of grey area measures. The Sunset clause
  4. Safeguard investigation
  5. Analysis of the Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement) of the WTO

The objectives of the subject “WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)” are the following:

  1. To understand the pillars of the WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)
  2. To know the process of application of a safeguard measure by a government
  3. An in-depth analysis of the Agreement on Safeguards (SG)

Sample - Agreement on Safeguards (SG):
Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement) of the World Trade Organisation (WTO)





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Contingent trade-protective measures (Anti-dumping Measures, Safeguards)

Description - WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)

Any member of the World Trade Organisation that needs to protect the domestic industry can temporarily restrict the imports of a product that could cause a considerable harm to the local manufacturers.

When a government applies this type of non-tariff measures, it is applying a safeguard measure.

The WTO regulates this type of measures through the Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement).

The Agreement on Safeguards (SG) also prohibits the grey area measures (bilateral agreements between governments) and establishes the Sunset clause.

The Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement) is composed of fourteen articles and covers topics such as: application of safeguard measures, investigation, examination, duration of the measure, concession, surveillance or dispute settlement.

A company, or a certain sector, can ask its government for the temporary application of a safeguard measure.

It is important to note that the application of a safeguard measure can never go against the imports of a country .

The application of a safeguard measure implies that the government that implements it must offer something in return.

Non-tariff measures:

  1. Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT). WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade
  2. Pre-shipment Inspection. Agreement on Preshipment Inspection
  3. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS). WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
  4. WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
  5. WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
  6. Non-automatic Import licensing, quotas and prohibitions

Customs and the World Trade Organisation

The World Trade Organisation member states: Albania, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Eswatini (Swaziland), European Union, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyz Republic, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of the Congo, Russian Federation, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe

  1. Countries in process of accession to the World Trade Organization: Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belarus, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Comoros, Curacao, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Holy See, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Uzbekistan, Syria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Serbia, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, East Timor, Yemen
  2. Government with observer status: Turkmenistan
  3. Non-member country: North Korea


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