EENI Global Business School
Foreign Trade Facilitation

Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement

  1. Introduction to Foreign Trade Facilitation Programs
  2. Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) of the World Trade Organisation (WTO)
  3. Potential Gains from Foreign Trade Facilitation
  4. The pillars of foreign trade facilitation (transparency, simplification, harmonisation and standardisation).
  5. The global supply chain and the Foreign Trade Facilitation
  6. Buy-Send-Pay Model (CEFACT / UN)
  7. Action Domains of the Foreign Trade Facilitation (purchases, transport, customs, payments)
  8. Reducing Trade Costs for Least Developed Countries
  9. United Nations (UN) Trade Facilitation Implementation Guide
  10. International Transport and Trade Facilitation: CMR Convention, CIM Convention, Electronic Air Waybill (e-AWB), Electronic FIATA Bill of Lading (Maritime), TIR Convention, Documents of the International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA), International Chamber of Shipping, International Road Transport Union (IRU), International Union of Railways (UIC), International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO. Chicago Convention)...
  11. Port Administration and Trade Facilitation
    1. Transport security and trade facilitation
    2. International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPSC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Maritime Organisation (IMO)
      1. Convention to facilitate international maritime traffic (FAL)
      2. Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL)
      3. Electronic commerce applied to the facilitation of maritime transport
  12. Customs and Border Crossings Administration.
    1. Dispatch of Cross-Border Trade
    2. The Revised Kyoto Convention of the World Customs Organisation
    3. International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods (UNECE)
  13. Security of the Supply Chain and Foreign Trade Facilitation
  14. SAFE Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade of the World Customs Organisation. Authorised Economic Operator (AEO)
  15. Payment and Trade Facilitation (Buy-Send-Pay Model).
    1. Electronic Payments and Invoices
  16. Supply Chain Finance Instruments and Trade Facilitation (Letters of Credit, Guarantees, Collections, Factoring)
  17. Electronic Commerce Solutions
  18. Case Study:
    1. Single Window Implementation in Mozambique
    2. Ghana National Single Window Programme – A Phased
    3. Business Process Analysis in Cambodia
    4. Customs Modernisation in Jordan
    5. Interagency Collaboration for SW Implementation: Thailand's Experience
    6. Trade Facilitation and Logistics in Ukraine (IWG) as the basis for a national trade facilitation committee

The objectives of the subject «Foreign Trade Facilitation» are the following:

  1. Understand the fundamentals and domains (purchases, transport, customs, payments) of foreign trade facilitation programs
  2. Learn about the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement
  3. Analyse the impact of trade facilitation programs on the global supply chain and related programs of major institutions
  4. Analyse the Buy-Send-Pay Model (CEFACT / UN)

Sample - Foreign Trade Facilitation:
Foreign Trade Facilitation. TFA Agreement. Customs. Payments. Global Supply Chain

International Maritime Organisation (IMO) FAL Convention, SOLAS, Transport of goods by Sea





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Related information

  1. International Maritime Transport Facilitation of the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  2. Electronic commerce applied to the maritime transport facilitation
  3. International Road Transport Facilitation of the International Road Transport Organization (IRU)
  4. Protocol Relating to Trade Negotiations Among Developing Countries (PTN)
  5. Global System of Trade Preferences among Developing Countries (GSTP)

FIATA transport documents:

  1. Negotiable Combined Transport Bill of Lading (FIATA FBL)
  2. Non-negotiable FIATA Multimodal Transport Waybill (FIATA FWB)
  3. Electronic FIATA Bill of Lading (eFBL Bill of Lading)
  4. Forwarders Certificate of Receipt (FIATA FCR)
  5. Forwarders Certificate of Transport (FIATA FCT)
  6. Warehouse Receipt (FIATA FWR)

International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods. Economic Commission for Europe

Description - Trade Facilitation

In a highly globalised and competitive economy, companies, governments and trade blocs seek to implement measures that simplify exports and imports, that is, measures to facilitate foreign trade.

These measures should facilitate the attraction of foreign direct investments, the competitiveness of all agents in the foreign trade chain and the integration of markets.

In recent years, significant progress has been made in trade facilitation: reduction of the quota system and tariffs. However, there is still a lack of transparency in many regulations, excessively bureaucratic customs clearance processes (slow and expensive), disproportionate documentary requirements...

The World Trade Organisation (WTO) has included trade facilitation in multilateral trade negotiations.

Virtually all free trade agreements include chapters on foreign trade facilitation.

The main objective of the trade facilitation programs implemented by governments is to improve cross-border trade (time, costs, security).

Many institutions at the global and regional level have developed trade facilitation programs: United Nations, UNCTAD, World Customs Organization, IATA, UNECE (Economic Commission for Europe) and IMO.

Sources: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)

WTO agreements related to trade facilitation:

  1. Agreement on Customs Valuation
  2. Preshipment Inspection
  3. WTO Agreement on Preshipment Inspection (PSI)
  4. Agreement on Rules of Origin

Agreement on Preshipment Inspection of the World Trade Organisation (WTO)

See also:

  1. Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
  2. Non-automatic Import licensing, quotas and prohibitions
  3. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS). WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
  4. WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
  5. WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
  6. Safeguards. WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)
  7. World Customs Organisation (WCO)
  8. Customs and the World Trade Organisation (WTO)

Revised Kyoto Convention. Simplification and harmonization of Customs procedures. World Customs Organization (WCO)

Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) World Trade Organization (WTO)

The World Trade Organisation member states: Albania, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Eswatini (Swaziland), European Union, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyz Republic, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of the Congo, Russian Federation, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe

  1. Countries in process of accession to the World Trade Organization: Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belarus, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Comoros, Curacao, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Holy See, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Uzbekistan, Syria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Serbia, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, East Timor, Yemen
  2. Government with observer status: Turkmenistan
  3. Non-member country: North Korea


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