Non-tariff Measures (Online Course)

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Online Course: Non-tariff Measures in Foreign Trade (6 ECTS, Master in International Business in English)

The Online Course (specialisation program) “Non-tariff Measures in Foreign Trade” taught by  EENI Business School & HA Independent University consists of two modules:

Module 1- Non-tariff measures (4 ECTS)

  1. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) in International Trade
    1. WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
  2. Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
    1. WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement)
  3. Pre-shipment Inspection
    1. WTO Agreement on Preshipment Inspection
  4. Contingent trade-protective measures (Anti-dumping Measures, Safeguards)
    1. WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)
  5. Non-automatic Import licensing, quotas and prohibitions
  6. Other Non-tariff measures: Price-control (including additional taxes and charges), Finance Measures, affecting competition, Trade-related investment measures
  7. Restrictions; distribution, post-sales services, Government procurement
  8. Subsidies (excluding export subsidies)
  9. Rules of origin
  10. Export-related measures
  11. Other formalities

The objectives of the module “Non-tariff Measures in Foreign Trade” are the following:

  1. To know how to identify and distinguish non-tariff measures (technical and non-technical) in foreign trade
  2. To evaluate the possible impact they may have on exports / imports
  3. To familiarise the student with the use of the “International Classification Manual of Non-Tariff Measures” of UNCTAD
  4. To know how to act before a non-tariff measure implemented by a country

Module 2- Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) (2 ECTS)

  1. Introduction to Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
    1. Industrial property
    2. Copyright and rights related to copyright
    3. Infringement of intellectual property rights
  2. The role of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)
  3. Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) of the World Trade Organisation
    1. Pillars of the TRIPS Agreement
  4. Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (copyright)
  5. Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (patents, industrial designs, etc.)
  6. Case study: Intellectual property rights in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

The objectives of the module “Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights” are the following:

  1. To understand the key concepts related to Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
  2. To learn the importance and pillars of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) of the World Trade Organisation
  3. To know the role of the World Intellectual Property Organisation and the different international intellectual property registration systems (Lisbon, Madrid, The Hague...)

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Example of the online course - Non-tariff Measures in Foreign Trade:
Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (Master)


The eLearning Course (Subject) “Non-tariff Measures in Foreign Trade” is part of the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Business School & HA University:
  1. Diploma in International Trade
  2. Foreign Trade Management Course
  3. Masters: International Business (MIBE), Foreign Trade and Global Marketing, International Transport
  4. Doctorate in International Trade

E-learning Courses, Diplomas (Foreign Trade)

The course contains exercises that are evaluated, which the student must work out and pass to obtain the diploma of the course “Non-tariff Measures in Foreign Trade” issued by EENI Business School & HA Independent University.

Advantages EENI Business School & HA University

  1. Credits of the Course “Non-tariff Measures in Foreign Trade”: 6 ECTS
  2. Duration: six weeks
  3. Organisation: EENI Business School & HA University
  4. Students can begin the course when he/she wishes (open enrolment) and from any place in the world
  5. Requires an average dedication of 12 hours per week
  6. Download the syllabus of the course (PDF)

Online Enrolment Procedure (continuous):

Online enrolment procedure - EENI Business School & HA University

Area of Knowledge: Foreign trade.

Learning materials in Master in International Business in English Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Medidas no arancelarias Study, Master in International Business in French Mesures non tarifaires Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Medidas não-tarifárias.





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Description of the Online Course - Non-tariff Measures in Foreign Trade:

According to the definition of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), non-tariff measures are:

“... Those political measures, different from Customs tariffs, that can economically affect on foreign trade in good, modifying export prices, transactions, or both.”

Non-tariff measures can distort foreign trade, and even harm exporters, importers, companies, and even the final consumer.

Any agent of foreign trade (exporter, importer, distributor, customs or logistics agent, consultant...) must know how to identify these measures and know the possible impact they may have.

In order to identify and distinguish non-tariff measures that affect foreign trade in goods, the UNCTAD proposes a classification of the different types of measures (16 chapters).

Technical measures

  1. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
  2. Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
  3. Pre-shipment Inspection and other formalities

Anti-dumping Measures. Safeguards (Master Trade)

Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT, Master)

Pre-shipment inspection (Master Trade)

Non-technical measures

  1. Contingent trade-protective measures
  2. Non-automatic licensing, quotas, prohibitions and quantity-control measures other than Sanitary and phytosanitary measures and Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
  3. Price-control measures, including additional taxes and charges
  4. Finance measures
  5. Measures affecting competition
  6. Foreign Trade-related investment measures exterior
  7. Distribution restrictions in a market
  8. Restrictions on post-sales services
  9. Subsidies (excluding export subsidies)
  10. Government procurement restrictions in a certain market
  11. Measures related to Intellectual Property
  12. Rules of origin

Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Import license, Tariff-rate quotas (Master Trade)

Finance Measures

They are all those non-tariff measures whose objective is to regulate access to foreign currency for imports. They increase import cost.

  1. Advance payment requirements. They can be: advanced import deposit, cash requirement, advance payment of customs duties, refundable deposit
  2. Multiple exchange rates.
  3. Official currency allocation. Bank authorization (Central Bank of the importer's country). licenses linked to unofficial currencies
  4. Regulations concerning terms of payment for imports (import credit and financing)

Measures affecting competition (special preferences or privileges).

  1. State-trading enterprises
  2. Compulsory use of national services (transport, insurance)

Trade-related investment measures

  1. Measures of local content (minimum quantity of product manufactured in the country of the importer)
  2. Trade balancing measures (import restriction)

Distribution restrictions (obtaining licenses or certification, distribution services regulations)

  1. Geographical restrictions
  2. Restrictions for certain resellers

Restrictions related to post-sales services

Subsidies

Government procurement restrictions (preference to national suppliers)

Intellectual Property (patents, trademarks, copyright...)

Rules of origin

Export-related measures

  1. Export-license, quota and prohibition restrictions (include investments)
    1. Export prohibitions
    2. Export quotas (quotas)
    3. License requirements (permission, authorisation) to export
    4. Export registration requirements
  2. Exports of state companies
  3. Export price-control measures
  4. Measures on re-exports (cross-border trade)
  5. Export taxes and charges
  6. Export technical measures (technical specifications, conformity assessment)
    1. Inspection requirement (Quality control)
    2. Certification required by the exporting country
  7. Export subsidies
  8. Export Credits

Source: “International Classification of Non-tariff Measures” (UNCTAD)

Customs and World Trade Organisation

(c) EENI Business School & HA University