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Import License and Quotas



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Syllabus of the Subject: Import Licenses, Tariff-rate Quotas (TRQ) and Prohibitions (Non-tariff Measures)

  1. Tariff-rate Quotas (TRQ) in Foreign Trade;
  2. Import licenses;
  3. Other prohibitions or import restrictions.

The objectives of the subject “Import licenses, quotas and prohibitions (Non-tariff Measures)” are the following:

  1. To understand the Tariff-rate Quotas and import licensing (non-automatic) concepts;
  2. To study what types of Tariff-rate Quotas and licenses exist and how they can affect an exporter;
  3. To analyze the other types of prohibitions or import restrictions.

Import licenses, Tariff-rate quotas (TRQ) and prohibitions (Non-tariff Measures):
Import license, Quotas, restrictions (Non-tariff Measures)

Non-tariff Measures to Trade. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Online Continuing education (Courses, Certificates, Diplomas

The Subject “Import licenses, quotas and prohibitions (Non-tariff Measures)” belongs to the following Online Higher Educational Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Courses: Non-tariff Measures, Foreign Trade Management.

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Foreign Trade Management

Diploma: Foreign Trade.

Online Professional Diploma in International Trade

Masters (MIB): International Business, Foreign Trade, International Transport.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB) - Online Education

Doctorate (DIB): World Trade.

Professional Doctorate in International Business (DIB). Online Education

Learning materials in: Courses, Masters, Doctorate in International Business and Foreign Trade in English Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Licencias de importación Study, Course Master Doctorate in International Business in French licenses d'importation, contingents Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Licenças de importação.

Area of Knowledge: Foreign trade.

Trade Facilitation - Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) - Revised Kyoto Convention - International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods (UNECE).

Foreign Trade (Importing, Exporting) Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Import licenses, quotas and prohibitions.

When a government wishes to restrain the quantity of products to be imported, it implements this type of non-tariff technical measures of control and / or prohibitions. These measures are usually implemented through the import licenses (not-automatic), quotas or prohibitions.

The World Trade Organization (GATT, WTO Agreement on Safeguards) prohibits, except in exceptional cases, this type of non-tariff measures.

The granting of an import license is not automatic, it may be discretionary or through a requirement by which certain criteria are met.

Licenses can be based on:

  1. Economic reasons;
  2. Without specific ex ante criteria (discretionary license);
  3. Specific use;
  4. Licensing linked with local production;
  5. Political, religious-moral, cultural reasons.

Tariff-rate quotas (TRQ) / Contingents

Import licenses for non-economic reasons are generally implemented through quotas (contingents).

A quota (tariff) is a restriction on the importation of a series of goods imposed by a Government. They are usually based on the quantities or the establishment of a maximum value.

A contingent (quota) can be of indefinite duration (permanent contingent, which can be allocated by countries or global) or temporary.

  1. Customs and the World Trade Organization;
  2. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement);
  3. Technical barriers to foreign trade (TBT Agreement);
  4. Pre-shipment Inspection (Agreement on Preshipment Inspection);
  5. Anti-dumping Measures and safeguards.


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