Sub-subject: The World Customs Organisation (WCO).
The Harmonised System. Syllabus:
- Introduction to the World Customs Organisation (WCO).
- Harmonised System (HS).
- Customs Valuation.
- Rules of Origin.
- Agreement on Rules of Origin (World Trade Organisation).
- Customs Enforcement and Compliance.
- SAFE Package.
- Customs Procedures and Facilitation.
- Revised Kyoto Convention
- ATA System
- Customs Convention on Containers.
- Case Study: market access map.
Purposes of the sub-subject:
- To know the role of the World Customs Organisation
- To understand the key concepts (non-tariff barriers, customs valuation, transaction value, previous inspection, rules of origin, and import licences)
- To know the Harmonised System and the various existing conventions.
Sample of the Sub-subject: World Customs Organisation (WCO):
Sub-Subject Description (World Customs Organisation):
The World Customs Organisation (WCO) is the sole intergovernmental body fully working on customs and international trade (imports and exports).
The 177 members of the World Customs Organisation represents 98% of the total foreign trade.
The World Customs Organisation (WCO) keeps the International Harmonised System
products nomenclature and manages the technical aspects of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreements on Customs Valuation and Rules of Origin.
The World Customs Organisation works in the following fields:
- Development of global standards of international trade
- Simplification and harmonisation of customs procedures (imports and exports)
- International Trade supply
- Facilitation of international trade
- Enhancement of customs and accordance activities, anti-counterfeiting and piracy initiatives
The World Customs Organisation (WCO) has developed the Harmonised Commodity
Description and Coding System (Harmonised System - “HS”), an international product nomenclature. 98 % of the international trade in products use the Harmonised System.
World Customs Organisation (WCO) member countries
The European Union
The customs territories of Netherlands Antilles, Bermuda, Hong Kong, and Macau
Central African Republic
People's Republic of China
Congo, the Republic of the
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Republic of Macedonia
Korea (Republic of)
the Kyrgyz Republic
Papua New Guinea
Sao Tome and Principe
Trinidad and Tobago
United Arab Emirates
The United Kingdom
The United States of America
Countries not members of the World Customs Organisation: Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Dominica, Guyana, Equatorial Guinea, Somalia, North Korea, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino, Vatican City, Palau, Solomon Islands, Micronesia, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Nauru, Cook Islands, Niue and Palestinian Authority, Taiwan, Sahrawi Republic, Kosovo.