Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS, Course)

EENI Business School & HA University



Syllabus of the Online Subject: Non-tariff Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)

  1. Introduction to sanitary and phytosanitary technical measures (SPS) in foreign trade
  2. Objectives of non-tariff sanitary and phytosanitary measures
  3. Analysis of the main sanitary and phytosanitary measures
  4. Conformity assessment related to sanitary and phytosanitary measures
  5. WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)

The objectives of the subject “Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)” are the following:

  1. To know how to identify and distinguish non-tariff sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures in foreign trade
  2. To know how to act before a sanitary or phytosanitary measure (SPS) implanted by a country
  3. To evaluate the possible impact they may have on product exports

Example of the Online Subject - Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS):
Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (Master)


The eLearning Subject “Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)” is part of the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Business School & HA University:
  1. Courses: Non-tariff Measures, Foreign Trade Management
  2. Diploma in International Trade
  3. Masters: International Business, Foreign Trade and Marketing, International Transport, Export Back Office
  4. Doctorate in Global Trade

E-learning Course, Online Asian Student, HA University

Learning materials in: Master in International Business in English Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Medidas sanitarias y fitosanitarias Study, Master in International Business in French Mesures sanitaires et phytosanitaires Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Medidas sanitárias e fitossanitárias.

Area of Knowledge: Foreign trade.

Non-tariff Measures in Foreign Trade (Customs, Technical barriers to foreign trade, Pre-shipment Inspection, Anti-dumping Measures and safeguards, Import licenses and quotas)





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Paterson Ngatchou: EENI Academic Coordinator for Anglophone Countries
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Description of the Online Subject - Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)

In foreign trade, sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS) are all non-tariff technical measures aimed at the protection of people, animals, forests and plant life.

These sanitary and phytosanitary measures seek to protect against the risks of contaminating products, toxins or additives in food products.

  1. They also seek to protect the lives of people from possible diseases related to the intake of animals or vegetables.
  2. They can also protect the spread of pests or biodiversity.

The sanitary and phytosanitary measures are controlled by the customs of the country of destination of the export

Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)

The main sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS) are the following:

  1. Prohibitions or restrictions of imports for sanitary and phytosanitary reasons
    1. Temporary geographic prohibitions for sanitary and phytosanitary reasons
    2. Geographical restrictions on eligibility
    3. Systems approach (applies two or more independent sanitary and phytosanitary measures to a specific product)
    4. Special authorization requirement for sanitary and phytosanitary reasons
    5. Registration requirements for importers
    6. Other prohibitions/restrictions of imports for sanitary and phytosanitary reasons
  2. Tolerance limits for residues and restricted use of substances
    1. Residue tolerance limits or contamination by certain substances (not microbiological). Maximum residue limits (MRL)
    2. Restricted use of certain substances in food and feed
  3. Labeling, marking and packaging requirements
    1. Labeling requirements
    2. Marking requirements on packaging (food safety)
    3. Packing and packaging requirements
  4. Hygienic requirements (final product or productive process).
    1. Microbiological criteria of the final product
    2. Hygienic practices during production
    3. Other Hygienic requirements,
  5. Treatment for elimination of plant and animal pests and disease-causing organisms in the final product
    1. Cold/heat treatment
    2. Irradiation
    3. Fumigation
    4. Other treatments
  6. Other requirements on production or post-production processes
    1. Plant-growth processes
    2. Animal-raising or catching processes
    3. Food and feed processing
    4. Storage and transport conditions
    5. Other requirements
  7. Conformity assessment related to Sanitary and phytosanitary measures
    1. Product registration requirements
    2. Test or compliance requirement
    3. Requirement of certification in accordance with a precise standard
    4. Inspection requirement in the importer's country
    5. Traceability requirements (production, processing, distribution)
    6. Origin of materials or parts
    7. Historical of the elaboration process
    8. Distribution and location of products after delivery
    9. Other traceability requirements
    10. Quarantine requirements

Source: “International Classification of Non-tariff Measures”, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

  1. Customs and World Trade Organisation
  2. Agreement on Preshipment Inspection
  3. Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade
  4. Agreement on Safeguards (SG)


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