EENI Global Business School
Pre-shipment inspection

Syllabus of the Subject: Pre-shipment inspection (Course Non-tariff Measures)

  1. Introduction to the pre-shipment inspection in Foreign Trade (Import, Export)
  2. Types of pre-shipment controls
  3. Agreement on Preshipment Inspection

The objectives of the subject “Pre-shipment inspection” are the following:

  1. To understand the key concepts related to the pre-shipment inspection
  2. To analyse the types of pre-expedition controls implemented by the Governments
  3. To know the requirements that can be demanded in a pre-shipment inspection

Sample - Pre-shipment inspection:
Agreement on Preshipment Inspection of the World Trade Organisation (WTO)





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Description - Preshipment Inspection

In foreign trade, the pre-shipment inspection (prior to the shipment) is a non-tariff technical measure whose main objective is to safeguard the national interest (avoiding the fraud in a certain product, controlling the evasion of capital and Customs duties...)

  1. Pre-shipment inspection is mandatory for the exporter
  2. Pre-shipment inspection (expedition) must be carried out by an independent company (inspecting agency) acting on behalf of the importing country
  3. Pre-shipment controls usually inspect the price, quantity or quality of the products.

Types of pre-shipment inspection (PI)

  1. Pre-shipment inspection
  2. Direct dispatch (consignment) requirement (prohibition of stopping at a third country)
  3. Requirements for passage through a specific port of customs
  4. Monitoring and supervision requirements for product imports (price, volume)

Agreement on Preshipment Inspection of the World Trade Organisation

  1. Application of the principles of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)
  2. Obligations of governments: transparency, non-discrimination, confidentiality, clear guidelines for the inspection of the export prices, technical assistance...

Related information:

  1. Customs and World Trade Organisation
  2. Anti-dumping Measures and safeguards (WTO Agreement on Safeguards)
  3. Import license and contingents
  4. SPS Agreement
  5. TBT Agreement

The World Trade Organisation member states: Albania, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Eswatini (Swaziland), European Union, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyz Republic, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of the Congo, Russian Federation, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe

  1. Countries in process of accession to the World Trade Organization: Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belarus, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Comoros, Curacao, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Holy See, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Uzbekistan, Syria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Serbia, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, East Timor, Yemen
  2. Government with observer status: Turkmenistan
  3. Non-member country: North Korea


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