Multimodal Transport (Course, Master)

EENI Business School & HA University


Description of the Course / Subject: Multimodal Transport - International Air transport

International Air Transport.

  1. In recent years air freight has been developing rapidly, air carriers have been able to offer an ever widening range of services.
  2. The freight costs can be paid in advance, at destination, or for reimbursement
  3. The main advantage of the air freight is speed, which makes it invaluable for carriage of high-value products and perishable products such as fish, flowers, and other products that have a short lifespan
  4. The most often used Incoterm is FCA.
  5. AWB (Air Waybill) is issued by airlines in a set of three originals and minimum six copies. The air waybill can be issued by an airline agent as well.
  6. The IATA (International Air Transport Association) is an international trade body, created over 60 years ago by a group of airlines. The IATA represents some 230 airlines comprising 93% of scheduled international air traffic.
The eLearning Course (Subject) “Multimodal Transport” is part of the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Business School & HA University:
  1. Course International transport
  2. Masters: International Business, Foreign Trade and Marketing
  3. Doctorate in Foreign Trade and International Marketing
  4. Diploma in International Trade
  5. Bachelor in International Trade

Learning materials in Master in International Business in English or Study, Master in International Business in French Transport international Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Transporte internacional Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Transporte internacional.

Area of Knowledge: Foreign trade.

Example of the Online Course: Multimodal Transport
Road transport

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International road transport.

  1. Road freight is the only mode of transport perfectly suited to supply door-to-door services; that is the products can be collected at the exporter's premises and delivered directly to the importer by the same trailer.
  2. Road freight is very convenient regarding facilitating loading and unloading operation
  3. Due to its flexibility; it is also an essential mode of transport for factories working on Just-In-Time basis
  4. CMR Convention. This Convention regulates the international road traffic within Europe. The document used under this Convention is the CMR Consignment Note, which evidences the existence of the contract of carriage and that the carrier has received the product.
  5. TIR is a system involving the issue of a carnet to road hauliers, which allows loaded vehicles to cross national frontiers with minimum customs formalities. The signatories of the Convention are countries from Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, and North America.

Rail Transport.

  1. Rail transport is one of the safest modes of transport.
  2. It can carry various consignments from small packages to container.
  3. Regarding cargo capacity, rail transport can compete with marine transport
  4. Due to its environmental benefits, rail freight is being considered an alternative to road freight in Europe
  5. The rail freight is carried out under the document called the CIM Rail Consignment Note

Multimodal Transport.

Carriage by multimodal transport is the continuous movement of products by more than one means of transport (marine, land) under one and the same document and one contract of carriage. The definition of the United Nations Convention on International Multimodal Transport of Goods (1980) is as follows:

“International multimodal transport” means the carriage of products by at least two different modes of transport on the basis of a multimodal transport contract from a place in one country at which the products are taken in charge by the multimodal transport operator to a place designated for delivery situated in a different country.

The operations of pick-up and delivery of goods carried out in the performance of an unimodal transport contract, as defined in such contract, shall not be considered as international multimodal transport.

Multimodal transport

The products carried by multimodal transport are usually palletised or containerised. The advantages of using a container are:

  1. Loading and unloading time is reduced up to 70%
  2. Manual operations of stevedores are reduced up to 70%
  3. The possibility of damages and thefts is reduced
  4. Delivery periods and carriage charges are reduced
  5. Paperwork is simplified
  6. A better tracking of the products in transit is provided (electronic services).

The Multimodal transport operator (MTO) means any person who concludes a multimodal transport contract and assumes the responsibility for the performance thereof as a carrier.

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