EENI Global Business School
Business in Turkey, Istanbul

Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in Turkey. Istanbul Ankara

  1. Introduction to the Republic of Turkey
  2. Turkish economy
    1. Main sectors of the Turkish economy
  3. Doing Business in Istanbul and Ankara
  4. International Trade (Import, Export) of Turkey
    1. European Union-Turkey Customs Union
  5. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Turkey
    1. Establishing a Business in Turkey
    2. Special Investment Zones
  6. Case Study: Koç Holding
  7. Africa-Turkey Partnership
  8. Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States (Turkic Council) / Türk Dili Konuşan Ülkeler İşbirliği Konseyi (Türk Konseyi - TDİK)
  9. Access to the Turkish market
  10. Business Plan for Turkey

The objectives of the Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in the Republic of Turkey” are the following:

  1. To analyse the Turkish Economy and Foreign Trade (Import, Export, FDI)
  2. To know the business opportunities in the Republic of Turkey
  3. To explore the Turkish trade relations with the country of the student
  4. To know the Turkish Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)
  5. To examine the profile of the Turkish companies
  6. To analyse the customs union between Turkey and the European Union and the Turkey-Africa Partnership
  7. To develop a business plan for the Turkish market
The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Turkeybelongs to the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:
  1. Masters: Business in Muslim Countries, International Business, Foreign Trade, Europe
  2. Doctorates: Islamic Business, European Business
  3. Courses: Business in Eastern Europe and Turkey, Central Eurasia

Online Student Master in International Business

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorates in International Business in English (or Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Turquía Study, Master in International Business in French Turquie)

  1. Credits of the Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Turkey”: 3 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: three weeks

Turley, Master, International Business, Foreign Trade Uluslararası İşletme Yüksek Lisans


Sample of the Subject (Doing Business in Turkey):
International Trade and Business in Turkey

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Description of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in Turkey.

Transport Corridors related to Turkey
  1. Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia (TRACECA)
  2. Trans-Caspian Trade and Transit Corridor (Central Corridor)
  3. Afghanistan-Turkmenistan-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey Transport Corridor (Lapis Lazuli)
  4. China-Central Asia-West Asia Economic Corridor
  5. Islamabad-Tehran-Istanbul Rail and Road Corridor (ITI-ECO)
  6. Pan-European Corridor IX (Finland-Russia-Greece)
  7. Access to the International North-South Transport Corridor (India-Russia)
  8. Access to the Eurasian Land Transport Initiative (Silk Road)
  9. Transit and Transport Cooperation Agreement (Lapis Lazuli Route Agreement)
  10. Iran-Pakistan-Turkey Transit Transport Framework Agreement (TTFA)

Turkish Preferential Access and Free Trade Agreements

  1. Turkey and the Central Eurasian Economic Area
  2. Economic Cooperation Organisation (ECO)
  3. Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
  4. European Union-Turkey Customs Union
    1. EU Enlargement
    2. Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
    3. Black Sea Synergy
  5. Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with the European Free Trade Association (EFTA - Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Lichtenstein), Israel, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tunisia, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria (pending), Egypt, Jordan, Georgia, Lebanon, Montenegro, Serbia, Chile, Mauritius, South Korea, and Albania.
    1. FTA not yet ratified: Lebanon, Malaysia, Kosovo, Moldova, and Ghana.
  6. Trade Preferential System among the Member States of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (TPS-OIC)
  7. Islamic Centre for Development of Trade (ICDT)
  8. Regional Cooperation Council (RCC)
  9. OECD anti-corruption measures
  10. Regional Organisation for Democracy and Economic Development (GUAM) (Observer)
  11. Association of Caribbean States (ACS) (Observer)
  12. Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA) (dialogue partner)

Trade Facilitation Programs

  1. World Trade Organisation (WTO)
    1. Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
    2. Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement)
    3. Agreement on Preshipment Inspection
    4. Agreement on Safeguards (SG)
    5. Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)
  2. World Customs Organisation (WCO)
    1. Revised Kyoto Convention
  3. International Maritime Organisation (IMO)
    1. Customs Convention on Containers (CCC)
    2. Convention Relating to Temporary Admission (Istanbul Convention)
  4. Intergovernmental Organisation for International Carriage by Rail (OTIF)
  5. International Rail Transport Committee (CIT)
  6. Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road (CMR)

Turkey is the sixteenth World's largest economy.

  1. The Republic of Turkey has a total population of 78 million people (24 million people are active)
  2. Area of Turkey: 783,562.38 square kilometres
  3. Turkish Capital: Ankara (5.1 million)
  4. Turkish largest city: Istanbul (14.3 million)
  5. Official language of Turkey: Turkish
  6. Borders of Turkey: Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, and Syria
  7. Abolition of Slavery in Turkey: 1876

Afghanistan-Turkmenistan-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey Transport Corridor (Lapis Lazuli)

Religion in Turkey: Islam.

  1. Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence): Fiqh-el-hanafi (Hanafi)

Turkey belongs to the Central Eurasian Economic Area (Turkic area, Islamic Civilisation).

European Union-Turkey Customs Union (Course)

Islamabad-Tehran-Istanbul Rail and Road Corridor: Turkey, Iran and Pakistan

Turkish Economy.

  1. The economy of the Republic of Turkey has had a steady economic growth rate for the last twenty quarters
  2. The Turkish gross national product and GNP per capita shows the strength of the Turkish economy as well as its integration into the global economy
  3. The Republic of Turkey has made significant steps in restructuring Turkish financial sector, improving the public sector governance, and business environment
  4. Turkish GDP: 800 billion USD
  5. Average annual real GDP growth: 4.2%
  6. The main sectors of the Turkish economy are agriculture and food, automotive, Business Services, chemicals, electronics, energy and renewable, Financial Services, Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals, Information and communication technologies (ICT), Infrastructure, Machinery, manufacturing, mining, property (real estate), tourism, transportation, and logistics
  7. Turkish manufacturing sector: 24% of the GDP
  8. Turkey is the Sixteenth World's largest pharmaceutical product producer
  9. The Turkish agriculture sector will be one of the top five world producers (2023)
  10. Property (real estate) sector in Turkey: 4.6% of the Turkish GDP

Trans-Caspian Trade and Transit Corridor (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Turkey) Road Transportation Course

  1. A Global leader in dried figs, dried apricots, and hazelnuts production
  2. Turkey is the Seventeenth largest car maker in the World
  3. Turkey is the Seventh largest plastic producer in the World
  4. 30 million tourists every year
  5. Inflation in Turkey: 8%
  6. Deep structural reforms
  7. Universal Health Insurance
  8. Health “free zones.”
  9. Currency of Turkey: Turkish Lira (TRY)
  10. Turkey is a EU candidate member

Koç Holding Turkey

Turkish Foreign trade.

  1. Turkey is a natural bridge between the Asian and the European Markets (Eurasian)
  2. Total Turkish exports: 158 billion USD
  3. Total Turkish imports: 242 billion USD
  4. The main Turkish exports markets are the European Union (56%), Russia (4%), the United States (4%), Romania (3%), the United Arab Emirates (3%), and Iraq (3%)
  5. Textiles and transport equipment are the main imports of the European Union from Turkey
  6. The main import providers are Russia, China, Germany, the United States, Italy, Iran, India, and Spain
  7. The main imports origin of the Republic of Turkey are the European Union (41%), Russia (14%), the People's Republic of China (8%), the United States (5%), Iran (4%) and Switzerland (3%)
  8. The main European Union exports to Turkey are machinery, Transport material, and chemical products
  9. Turkey has a Customs Union with the European Union
  10. Access to the CIS and the Middle East markets
  11. Access to the Eurasian Land Transport Initiative

China-Central Asia-West Asia Economic Corridor: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Iran Turkey. Road Transportation Course

New Silk Road (China-Europe) Eurasian Land Transport Initiative

Foreign direct investment (FDI) in Turkey.

  1. Total FDI: 12.5 billion USD
  2. Turkey is the thirteenth most attractive nation in the World for Foreign direct investment (FDI)
  3. 41,397 foreign companies are established in the Republic of Turkey working in wholesale and retail trade, manufacturing, and property (real estate)
  4. Textile production leads the manufacturing sector in foreign direct investment followed by chemicals and food and beverage products
  5. Government body: Ministry of Investment Support and Promotion Agency (ISPAT)

Africa-Turkey Partnership Cooperation Framework

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)-Turkey Free Trade Agreement

Economic Organisations

  1. Arab League (LAS)
  2. Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  3. Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD)
  4. Islamic Development Bank
  5. Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD)
  6. Asia-Middle East Dialogue
  7. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
  8. Economic Commission for Europe
  9. European Investment Bank
  10. United Nations (UN)
  11. World Bank (WB)
  12. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  13. Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)

Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia TRACECA: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Romania, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine and Uzbekistan


Samples - Business in Turkey

Turkey Free Trade Agreements

Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States

European Union Enlargement: Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo and Turkey

Economic Cooperation Organisation (Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan...)

Turkey-Albania Free Trade Agreement

Turkey-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement

Turkey-Jordan Free Trade Agreement

Chile-Turkey Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Turkey-Korea Free Trade Agreement

Trade Preferential System TPS Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

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