EENI Global Business School

Trade and Business in Turkey, Istanbul

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Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in Turkey. Istanbul Ankara

  1. Introduction to the Republic of Turkey
  2. Turkish economy
    1. Main sectors of the Turkish economy
  3. Doing Business in Istanbul and Ankara
  4. International Trade (Import, Export) of Turkey
    1. European Union-Turkey Customs Union
  5. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Turkey
    1. Establishing a Business in Turkey
    2. Special Investment Zones
  6. Case Study: Koç Holding
  7. Africa-Turkey Partnership
  8. Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States (Turkic Council) / Türk Dili Konuşan Ülkeler İşbirliği Konseyi (Türk Konseyi - TDİK)
  9. Access to the Turkish market
  10. Business Plan for Turkey

The objectives of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in the Republic of Turkey” are the following:

  1. To analyse the Turkish Economy and Foreign Trade (Import, Export, FDI)
  2. To know the business opportunities in the Republic of Turkey
  3. To explore the Turkish trade relations with the country of the student
  4. To know the Turkish Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)
  5. To examine the profile of the Turkish companies
  6. To analyse the customs union between Turkey and the European Union and the Turkey-Africa Partnership
  7. To develop a business plan for the Turkish market

Sample (Foreign Trade and Business in Turkey):
International Trade and Business in Turkey

The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Turkey” belongs to the following Online Higher Educational Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:
  1. Masters: Business in Muslim Countries, International Business, Foreign Trade, Europe
  2. Doctorates: Islamic Business, European Business
  3. Courses: Business in Eastern Europe and Turkey, Central Eurasia

Online Student Master in International Business

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorates in International Business and Foreign Trade in English (or Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Turquía Study, Course Master Doctorate in International Business in French Turquie)

  1. Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Turkey”: 3 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: three weeks

Turley, Masters, Doctorates, Courses, International Business, Foreign Trade Uluslararası İşletme Yüksek Lisans


Online Course Business in the Eastern Europe Countries and Turkey

Description: Foreign Trade and Business in Turkey.

Turkey is the sixteenth World's largest economy.

Afghanistan-Turkmenistan-Azerbaijan-Georgia-Turkey Transport Corridor (Lapis Lazuli)

Turkish Preferential Access and Free Trade Agreements

  1. Turkey and the Central Eurasian Economic Area
  2. Economic Cooperation Organisation (ECO)
  3. Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC)
  4. European Union-Turkey Customs Union
    1. EU Enlargement
    2. Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
    3. Black Sea Synergy
  5. Turkey-Morocco Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  6. Turkey-Tunisia Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  7. Turkey-Egypt Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  8. Turkey-Serbia Free Trade Agreement
  9. Turkey-Montenegro Free Trade Agreement
  10. Turkey-Israel Free Trade Agreement
  11. Turkey-Macedonia Free Trade Agreement
  12. Turkey-Syria Free Trade Agreement
  13. Turkey-Albania Free Trade Agreement
  14. Turkey-Georgia Free Trade Agreement
  15. Turkey-Palestine Free Trade Agreement
  16. United Kingdom-Turkey Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  17. Turkey-Moldova Free Trade Agreement
  18. Turkey-Mauritius Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  19. Turkey-Bosnia and Herzegovina Free Trade Agreement
  20. Turkey-Singapore Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  21. European Free Trade Association (EFTA)-Turkey Free Trade Agreement (FTA)
  22. Free Trade Agreements (FTA) with Jordan, Lebanon, Chile, South Korea.
    1. FTA not yet ratified: Lebanon, Malaysia, Kosovo, and Ghana.
  23. Islamic Trade Preferential System (TPS-OIC)
  24. Protocol Relating to Trade Negotiations Among Developing Countries (PTN)
  25. Regional Cooperation Council (RCC)
  26. Regional Organisation for Democracy and Economic Development (GUAM) (Observer)
  27. Association of Caribbean States (ACS) (Observer)
  28. Central American Integration System (SICA) (Observer)
  29. Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA) (Dialogue Partner)
  30. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) (Dialogue Partner)

Turkey Free Trade Agreements

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Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorates): Islamic Organisations

Africa-Turkey Partnership Cooperation Framework

The Republic of Turkey

  1. Turkey has a total population of 78 million people (24 million people are active)
  2. Area of Turkey: 783,562.38 square kilometres
  3. Turkish Capital: Ankara (5.1 million)
  4. Turkish largest city: Istanbul (14.3 million)
  5. Official language of Turkey: Turkish
  6. Borders of Turkey: Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, and Syria
  7. Abolition of Slavery in Turkey: 1876

Religion in Turkey: Islam.

  1. Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence): Fiqh-el-hanafi (Hanafi)

Turkey belongs to the Central Eurasian Economic Area (Turkic area, Islamic Civilisation).

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Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorates): Islam and Global Business. Islamic Economic Areas

Koç Holding Turkey

Turkish Economy.

  1. The economy of the Republic of Turkey has had a steady economic growth rate for the last twenty quarters
  2. The Turkish gross national product and GNP per capita shows the strength of the Turkish economy as well as its integration into the global economy
  3. The Republic of Turkey has made significant steps in restructuring Turkish financial sector, improving the public sector governance, and business environment
  4. Turkish GDP: 800 billion USD
  5. Average annual real GDP growth: 4.2%
  6. The main sectors of the Turkish economy are agriculture and food, automotive, Business Services, chemicals, electronics, energy and renewable, Financial Services, Healthcare and Pharmaceuticals, Information and communication technologies (ICT), Infrastructure, Machinery, manufacturing, mining, property (real estate), tourism, transportation, and logistics
  7. Turkish manufacturing sector: 24% of the GDP
  8. Turkey is the Sixteenth World's largest pharmaceutical product producer
  9. The Turkish agriculture sector will be one of the top five world producers (2023)
  10. Property (real estate) sector in Turkey: 4.6% of the Turkish GDP
  11. A Global leader in dried figs, dried apricots, and hazelnuts production
  12. Turkey is the Seventeenth largest car maker in the World
  13. Turkey is the Seventh largest plastic producer in the World
  14. 30 million tourists every year
  15. Inflation in Turkey: 8%
  16. Deep structural reforms
  17. Universal Health Insurance
  18. Health “free zones.”
  19. Currency of Turkey: Turkish Lira (TRY)
  20. Turkey is a EU candidate member

European Union-Turkey Customs Union (Course)

Turkish Foreign trade.

  1. Turkey is a natural bridge between the Asian and the European Markets (Eurasian)
  2. Total Turkish exports: 158 billion USD
  3. Total Turkish imports: 242 billion USD
  4. The main Turkish exports markets are the European Union (56%), Russia (4%), the United States (4%), Romania (3%), the United Arab Emirates (3%), and Iraq (3%)
  5. Textiles and transport equipment are the main imports of the European Union from Turkey
  6. The main import providers are Russia, China, Germany, the United States, Italy, Iran, India, and Spain
  7. The main imports origin of the Republic of Turkey are the European Union (41%), Russia (14%), the People's Republic of China (8%), the United States (5%), Iran (4%) and Switzerland (3%)
  8. The main European Union exports to Turkey are machinery, Transport material, and chemical products
  9. Turkey has a Customs Union with the European Union
  10. Access to the CIS and the Middle East markets
  11. Access to the Eurasian Land Transport Initiative

Foreign direct investment (FDI) in Turkey.

  1. Total FDI: 12.5 billion USD
  2. Turkey is the thirteenth most attractive nation in the World for Foreign direct investment (FDI)
  3. 41,397 foreign companies are established in the Republic of Turkey working in wholesale and retail trade, manufacturing, and property (real estate)
  4. Textile production leads the manufacturing sector in foreign direct investment followed by chemicals and food and beverage products
  5. Government body: Ministry of Investment Support and Promotion Agency (ISPAT)

Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States

Trans-Caspian Trade and Transit Corridor (China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Iran and Turkey) Road Transportation Course

New Silk Road (China-Europe) Eurasian Land Transport Initiative

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)-Turkey Free Trade Agreement

Transport Corridor Europe-Caucasus-Asia TRACECA: Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Romania, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine and Uzbekistan 

European Union Enlargement: Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo and Turkey

Economic Cooperation Organisation (Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan...)

Turkey-Albania Free Trade Agreement

Turkey-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement

Turkey-Jordan Free Trade Agreement

Chile-Turkey Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Turkey-Korea Free Trade Agreement

Trade Preferential System TPS Organisation of Islamic Cooperation

(c) EENI Global Business School (1995-2022)
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