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Doing Business in Colombia

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Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in Colombia Bogota.

  1. Introduction to the Republic of Colombia;
  2. Colombian Economy;
  3. Case Study:
    1. Business Process Outsourcing Sector;
    2. Information Technology Services;
    3. Agribusiness;
    4. Manufacturing;
    5. Cosmetics;
    6. Textile;
    7. Automotive.
  4. Colombian Foreign Trade;
  5. Foreign Direct Investment in Colombia;
  6. Doing Business in...
    1. Bogota;
    2. Barranquilla;
    3. Medellin.
  7. Case Study: Business Opportunities in Bogota
    1. Contact centers;
    2. Business Process Outsourcing/Shared Services;
    3. Information Technology Sector;
    4. Medical Devices;
    5. Pharmaceutical;
    6. Cosmetics;
    7. Audiovisual Production.
  8. Case Study:
    1. South American Investment Group;
    2. Luis Carlos Sarmiento Angulo.
  9. Access to the Colombian Market;
  10. Business Plan for Colombia.

The aims of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in the Republic of Colombia” are the following:

  1. To analyze the Colombian Economy and Global Trade;
  2. To know the business opportunities in Colombia;
  3. To explore the Colombian trade relations with the country of the student;
  4. To know the Colombian Trade Agreements;
  5. To examine the profile of Colombian businesspeople and companies;
  6. To develop a business plan for the Colombian Market.

Luis Carlos Sarmiento Angulo, the richest men in Colombia:
Luis Sarmiento, Colombian Businessman, Philanthropist and Banker, Colombia

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Trade and Business in Central America

Online Continuing education (Courses, Certificates, Diplomas

The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Colombia” belongs to the following Online Higher Educational Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Masters: International Business, Foreign Trade.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB) - Online Education

Doctorate: American Business, World Trade.

Professional Doctorate in International Business (DIB). Online Education

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorate in International Business and Foreign Trade in English or Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Colombia Study, Course Master Doctorate in International Business in French Colombie Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Colombia.

  1. Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Colombia”: 2 ECTS Credits;
  2. Duration: two weeks.

Country Brand Colombia

International Trade and Business in Colombia.

Market Access - Free Trade Agreements. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Colombian Free Trade Agreements.

  1. Colombia and the Latin American Economic Area;
  2. Andean Community;
  3. Association of Caribbean States (ACS);
  4. ALADI;
  5. Pacific Alliance;
  6. UNASUR;
  7. SELA;
  8. Free Trade Agreements with the CARICOM, Costa Rica, and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA);
  9. Colombia-Northern Triangle Free Trade Agreement;
  10. Colombia-Canada Free Trade Agreement;
  11. US-Colombia Free Trade Agreement;
  12. UK-Colombia Free Trade and Economic Integration Agreement;
  13. Mexico-Colombia Free Trade Agreement;
  14. Colombia-Chile Free Trade Agreement;
  15. Free Trade Agreements (as a member of the Andean Community) with the MERCOSUR, Chile, Mexico, Panama, and the EU;
  16. MERCOSUR (Associate);
  17. Trade Relations: India, China, and Russia;
  18. Mesoamerica Project;
  19. CARICOM (Observer State);
  20. Central American Integration System (SICA) (observer country);
  21. Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) - Candidate Country.

Andean Community: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru (Course Master Doctorate)

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

  1. WTO
    1. Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS);
    2. Agreement on the Application of Sanitary Measures;
    3. Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade;
    4. Agreement on Preshipment Inspection;
    5. Agreement on Safeguards;
    6. Trade Facilitation Agreement.
  2. WCO
    1. Revised Kyoto Convention.
  3. International Road Transport Union (IRU).

Pacific Alliance (Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru)

American Trade and Economic Organizations. Colombia is a member of:

  1. OAS;
  2. ECLAC;
  3. Inter-American Development Bank (IDB);
  4. East Asia-Latin America Cooperation;
  5. Summit South American-Arab Countries;
  6. Africa-South America Summit;
  7. Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    1. EU-CELAC Summit.

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Globalization and International Organizations

Global Organizations:

  1. UN
    1. UNCTAD;
    2. ITC;
    3. UNCITRAL;
    4. WIPO.
  2. WB;
  3. WTO;
  4. IMF;
  5. Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PEEC);
  6. OECD
    1. OECD anti-corruption measures.

Colombia Medellin Business

The Republic of Colombia.

  1. Colombia is the oldest and the most stable democracy in the region;
  2. Colombian official language is Spanish;
  3. With nearly 48 million people, Colombia ranks third in population in Latin America (after Brazil and the United Mexican States);
  4. Area of Colombia: 1,141,748 square kilometers;
  5. Colombia ranks first in the member countries of the Andean Community regarding the transparency of the Government Policies (World Competitiveness Yearbook);
  6. Some of the most important publications in the World like the New York Times or The Guardian have given special consideration to the new image that Colombia is projecting to the world;
  7. Colombian borders: Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Panama, and Venezuela;
  8. Capital of Colombia: Bogotá;
  9. Colombia gained the independence from Spain in 1810;
  10. Abolition of Slavery in Colombia: 1851;
  11. African Diaspora in Colombia: 9 million people (21% of the Colombian population).

The main religion in Colombia is Christianity (42 million):

  1. Catholicism (38 million);
  2. Protestantism (1 million Colombians).

The Republic of Colombia belongs to the Latin American Economic Area (Western-Christian Civilization).

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Christianity and Global Business (Catholicism, Protestantism)

Colombian Economy.

  1. The Republic of Colombia is advantageously situated at the middle point between North and South America;
  2. Colombia is in the same time zone as the East Coast of the United States which is an advantage compared to other countries as it facilitates the Call-centre activities and Business Process Outsourcing from Colombia to the entire continent;
  3. The Republic of Colombia is one of the most steady economies in Latin America;
  4. Macroeconomics indices also reveal the stability of Colombia;
  5. Colombian economy is the fourth in Latin America (International Monetary Fund) or the fifth according to the World Bank (WB);
  6. Colombia has had sustained economic growth above the average of the Andean Community member countries;
  7. 2014: Slowdown of the Colombian Economy;
  8. Colombia offers to investors the option of signing legal stability contracts;
  9. Bogotá (7 million people) is the economic centre of Colombia and the most attractive city for doing business in the Andean Community (Source: America Economia), Bogota generates 40% of the Colombian GDP;
  10. According to the World Bank (WB), Colombia is the Latin American Economy that has implemented more reforms to facilitate business;
  11. Colombia has in place several Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) and tariff preferences;
  12. More than 700 multinational companies have investments in the Republic of Colombia: Procter Gamble, Johnson Johnson, 3M, SAB Miller, Telefonica, Nestle;
  13. Currency of Colombia: Peso;
  14. The inflation rate has been substantially reduced over the last few years to reach 4.5%;
  15. The foreign debt has been reduced by 20% of the gross domestic product in the past few years.

Colombian Economy and Foreign Trade (Doctorate, Master, Course)

Bogota is the cultural and political centre of the Republic of Colombia, and its leading city in education, international trade and foreign direct investment (FDI). Over the last few years, 700 multinational companies have had excellent results Bogota has access to USD 29 million markets.

Barranquilla is the industrial and harbour centre.

  1. Barranquilla is the fourth-largest city in the Colombia;
  2. Barranquilla has a strategic location, only two and one-half hours from the United States and one hour from Panama, with a population of 1 Million people and a diversified economy, with strengths in the metal industry, Logistics and energy industry among others;
  3. Barranquilla has near twenty-five maritime, fluvial and air ports with facilities for transportation of all types of cargo through several highways (Road Transport) connecting the rest of Colombia and the world.

Medellín (the second largest city in the Republic of Colombia) is the responsible for 8% of the Colombian gross domestic product and 25% of the non-traditional exports in Colombia. Medellin has third best quality of life in Latin America.

  1. The Medellín Metropolitan Area produces 67% of the Department of Antioquian gross domestic product and 11% of the economy of Colombia;
  2. One of the largest group in Colombia is the Antioquian Companies Group.

Group Suramericana Inversions is a holding company, listed on the Colombian Stock Exchange and registered with the ADR-Level I programme in the United States, which holds a significant portfolio of investments in leading Colombian companies as well as other important stakes in other American Countries. This portfolio is mainly concentrated in strategic investments in financial, insurance and social security sectors and is complemented by other investments in services, food, and cement sectors.

Colombia Case Study

Foreign Trade (Importing, Exporting) Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Colombian Foreign Trade.

  1. Colombian exports were 30,580 million dollars;
  2. Main Colombian export markets: Venezuela, Ecuador, and the US (the largest trading partner, 35% of the total exports, FTA in force);
  3. Colombian imports were 31,170 million dollars;
  4. Colombia imported mainly from the United States, Brazil, Mexico, China, Venezuela, and Japan;
  5. Main Colombian export products: coffee, flowers, and tropical fruits.

Proexport took the mission of giving assistance to potential foreign investors in the Republic of Colombia, by promoting the International Trade and foreign direct investment opportunities and identifying obstacles in investment mood always aiming to improvement; tasks that until that moment had been performed by “Convertir.”

FDI in Colombia.

  1. Invest in Bogota is the investment promotion agency for Bogota, Colombia, founded by the City Government and the Bogota Chamber of Commerce. Their mission is to supply assistance for investors who wish to locate in the Greater Bogota;
  2. Foreign direct investment (FDI) has grown considerably. 700 multinational companies have investments in Colombia;
  3. The Republic of Colombia provides to the investors with the chance of entering into 3- to 20-year legal stability agreements which guarantee that rules related to investment determinants will remain unchanged and will continue to apply for the duration of the agreement.

CARICOM (Antigua, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Suriname...)-Colombia Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Hubs in Latin America (Course Master Doctorate)

Colombia, Peru-European Union Free Trade Agreement

Colombia-Canada Free Trade Agreement

Colombia-European Free Trade Association (EFTA) Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

United States-Colombia Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Colombia-Northern Triangle Free Trade Agreement

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