EENI-Business School

Doing Business in Venezuela

Syllabus of the Subject: Doing Business in Venezuela. Caracas.

  1. Introduction to the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  2. Venezuelan Economy
  3. Venezuelan petroleum
  4. Economic Profile of the States of Venezuela
  5. Venezuelan international trade: Imports and exports
  6. Accession of Venezuela to the MERCOSUR
  7. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Venezuela
  8. Doing Business in Caracas
  9. Case Study: Venezuelan Companies
    1. Petroleum of Venezuela (PDVSA)
    2. National Telephone Company of Venezuela
  10. Introduction to Spanish
  11. Access to the Venezuelan Market
  12. Business Plan for Venezuela

The purposes of the subject “Foreign Trade and Doing Business in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela” are the following:

  1. To analyse the Venezuelan economy and foreign trade
  2. To evaluate the business opportunities in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  3. To explore Venezuela's trade relations with the country of the student
  4. To know the Venezuela's Free Trade Agreements
  5. To examine the profile of Venezuelan Companies
  6. To develop a business plan for the Venezuelan Market
The Subject “Doing Business in Venezuela” is part of the following programs:
  1. Masters (online): International Business, America
  2. Doctorate in Business in America
  3. Course: Andean Markets

Course learning materials in English (or Portuguese Venezuela Spanish Venezuela French Venezuela)

  1. Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Doing Business in Venezuela”: 1 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: one week

Sample of the subject - Doing Business in Venezuela:
Venezuela petrol sector

Carlos Cesar Contreras (EENI Professor) Carlos C. Contreras (EENI Professor)

Description of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in Venezuela

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (America):

  1. Venezuela consists of twenty-three federal states and a capital district (Caracas)
  2. Frontiers of Venezuela: Brazil, Guyana, and the Republic of Colombia
  3. Venezuelan official language: Spanish
  4. Venezuelan Population: 27.3 millions of people
  5. Area: 16,445 square kilometres
  6. Independence from Spain: 1810
  7. Venezuelan Currency: Bolivar (VEF)
  8. Abolition of the Slavery in Venezuela: 1854
  9. African Diaspora in Venezuela: 0.8 million of people (2,8% of the Venezuelan population)

Religion in Venezuela: Christianity (Catholicism: 27 million)

Venezuela belongs to the Latin American Economic Area of the Western Christian Civilisation

Venezuelan Economy

  1. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is rich in mineral resources, whereas Venezuela is more known for its hydrocarbons: ranks fifth in the World in petroleum reserve and seventh in natural gas
  2. Main Venezuelan economic activity is the exploitation of petroleum refining for export
  3. The Venezuelan Petroleum is processed by the State Petroleum Company: Petroleum of Venezuela (PDVSA)
  4. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is rich in agricultural, animal husbandry, fishing, and forestry resources
  5. Top trade partners of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela are United States, Colombia, Mexico, and Brazil

Venezuelan Economy


  1. With a population of two millions of people, Caracas is the political and economic capital of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  2. In Caracas are concentrated the core functions of the Executive, legislative and judicial branches of Venezuela
  3. In Caracas, all kinds of activities are located (educational, financial, commercial, industrial and services)
  4. A large majority of the workforce is employed in the public sector related activities
  5. Industrial activity is also crucial in Caracas
  6. Caracas is the seventh largest financial centre of Latin America (behind cities like São Paulo, Bogota, Santiago de Chile, Buenos Aires, Mexico City, and Rio de Janeiro)
  7. Caracas generates 19% of the gross domestic product in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
  8. Important Venezuelan companies like “Petroleum Venezuela” or CANTV, has its headquarters in Caracas

Economic Profile of the States of Venezuela.

  1. Maracaibo (Zulia state capital) has a population of three million of people (second biggest city in the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela).
    1. Maracaibo is one of the largest cities in Venezuela.
    2. It is the home to largest companies, such as Banco Occidental de Descuento.
    3. One of the main economic activities of Maracaibo is the petroleum exploitation (sites in the Basin of Lake Maracaibo)
  2. The Carabobo State is one of the most vibrant of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.
    1. The industry and agricultural production of Carabobo are among the largest in Venezuela.
    2. Main economic activity of the Carabobo State is industrial manufacturing (automotive, metalworking, chemicals, agribusiness, food, and consumer products)
  3. La Guaira (Vargas State) is the largest gateway to the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela; the Port of La Guaira is one of the largest Venezuelan ports
  4. Barcelona is the capital of Anzoategui state, has a population of 620,000 inhabitants and with Puerto La Cruz, Lecheria, and Guanta forms one of the largest metropolitan areas of Venezuela (1 Million people). There are several industries: petroleum complexes and automotive factories
  5. Barquisimeto (Lara State) is a major city strategically located, being a significant area in public service, trade, banking, and logistics.
    1. There are largest industrial companies (metallurgy, agribusiness, textiles, cement, etc.).
    2. MERCABAR, the largest wholesale market in Venezuela is in Barquisimeto
  6. Valencia (1.5 millions inhabitants) is regarded as the industrial city of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

Venezuelan Companies.

  1. Petroleum Venezuela,” the state-owned corporation of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is the responsible for the efficient, profitable, and dependable exploration, production, refining, transport, and distribution of hydrocarbons. The company keeps a strong presence abroad through five offices situated in Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands
  2. Telephones of Venezuela is the leading provider of integrated telecommunications services in Venezuela. Telephones of Venezuela had 3.6 million lines in service, 8.2 million mobile subscribers, and 528,000 broadband subscribers


Venezuela Free Trade Agreements (FTA).

  1. Venezuela is a member of the MERCOSUR since 2012
  2. Association of Caribbean States (ACS)
  3. Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)
  4. Latin American Integration Association (ALADI)
  5. Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
  6. Bolivarian Alternative (ALBA)

Samples - Business in Venezuela

Business in Venezuela

Venezuela Economy States

Hubs in Latin America

Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA)

Association of Caribbean States (ACS)

(c) EENI- Business School