Business in Sudan

EENI- School of International Business

Subject Subject (Course): International Trade and Doing Business in Sudan - Khartoum.


  1. Introduction to the Republic of Sudan (East Africa).
  2. Doing Business in Khartoum.
  3. Sudanese economy
  4. Economic Profile of the states of Sudan.
  5. International Trade of Sudan.
  6. Port Sudan
  7. Transport in Sudan.
  8. Case Study: Sudanese Businesspeople and Companies
      - Sudatel Telecommunications.
      - Mohamed Ibrahim
      - Osama Abdul Latif
  9. Foreign Direct Investment in Sudan.
  10. Business Opportunities in:
      - Agriculture
      - Infrastructure
      - Services.
  11. Introduction to Arabic
  12. Access to the Sudanese market
  13. Business Plan for Sudan

Objectives of the subject “Foreign Trade and Doing Business in the Republic of Sudan”:

  1. To analyse the Sudanese economy and foreign trade
  2. To evaluate business opportunities in the Republic of Sudan
  3. To explore Sudan's trade relations with the student's country
  4. To know Sudan's Free Trade Agreements (FTA)
  5. To examine the profile of Sudanese businesspeople and companies
  6. To develop a business plan for the Sudanese market


Subject “Doing Business in Sudan” is studied...
  1. Doctorates: Islamic Countries, Africa
  2. Course: East Africa
  3. Masters (e-learning): International Business, Africa, and Muslims Countries

Recommendations for Sudanese students

Course learning materials in English or French Soudan Portuguese Sudao Spanish Sudan.

  1. Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Doing Business in Sudan”: 3 ECTS Credits / 1.5 AC Credits
  2. Duration: three weeks

ماجستير في التجارة الخارجية و التسويق الدولي

Sample of the subject - Foreign Trade and Doing Business in Sudan
Mohamed Ibrahim Sudanese Businessman

We Trust in Africa

Description Subject Description (Doing Business in Sudan).

Sudan has a privileged situation in the Red Sea, making the “Sudan Arab” a significant centre of international trade between East Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Europe through the Suez Canal.

Sudan is the largest African country. Rich in natural resources.

  1. Borders of Sudan: Arab Republic of Egypt, Libya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Chad, the Central African Republic, and South Sudan. Sudan shares maritime borders with Saudi Arabia (the Red Sea).
  2. South Sudan became independent from Sudan in 2011.
  3. Sudan is the biggest nation in Africa (1 million square miles).
  4. Sudan has a population of 37 millions of people.
  5. Arabic is the official language
  6. Sudan is divided into twenty-five states (wilayat) and 133 districts.

Religion in Sudan.

  1. Islam is the largest religion in the Republic of Sudan
  2. Islam is the official religion in Sudan
  3. About 97% of the Sudanese population is Sunni Muslim.
  4. Sudanese legal system: English common law and Islamic Sharia.
  5. Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence): Maliki

Sudan belongs to the East African Economic Area of the African Civilisation.

Port Sudan

The economy of Sudan:

  1. Sudan is the only Arab nation where agricultural balance is positive.
  2. Sudan is rich in natural resources (agricultural and animal production).
  3. Sudanese agricultural sector represents 45% of the total economic growth and 80% of the population is related to this sector.
  4. 90% of Sudanese exports are export agricultural products: cotton, gum arabic, cattle, meat, oilseeds, sorghum, vegetables, and fruits
  5. Extraction of petroleum is another fundamental pillar of the Sudanese economy.

Osama Abdul Latif Sudanese Businessman

International Trade of Sudan.

  1. Top Sudanese export products are petroleum, benzene, kerosene, natural gas, gold, sesame, cotton, gum Arabic, sugar, meat, peanuts, leather, molasses, livestock, and animal feed.
  2. Top destinations of Sudanese exports are Asian markets (79% of the total exports). The People's Republic of China is the biggest importer of Sudanese products (60% of the total exports) followed by Singapore, Japan, and South Korea.
  3. Top Sudanese imports of Sudan: machinery, foodstuffs, manufactured products, transport, chemicals, and textiles.
  4. Port Sudan is the principal foreign trade port.

They are significant foreign direct investment opportunities in the infrastructure and service sectors: railways, roads, internal waterways, civil aviation, air transport, seaports, shipping, and land transport.

African Highways Networks:

  1. Cairo-Sudan-Gaborone Corridor
  2. N’Djamena-Sudan-Djibouti Corridor

Other foreign ports:

  1. Port of Mombasa
  2. Port of Djibouti
  3. Port Said and the Port of Alexandria

Sudan has preferential access:

  1. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
  2. COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Agreement
  3. Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)
  4. Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)
  5. The European Union markets: Generalised System of Preferences and Cotonou Agreement
  6. Sudan is not a member the World Trade Organisation and is not eligible for AGOA

Sudanese Economy

Sudan is a member of...

  1. Arab League
  2. Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
  3. Nile Basin Initiative
  4. Africa-South America Summit
  5. Relationships with China
  6. Relationships with India
  7. Summit of South American-Arab Countries (ASPA)
  8. Asia-Middle East Dialogue (AMED)
  9. African Development Bank
  10. Economic Commission for Africa
  11. New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD)
  12. African Union (AU)

Samples - Business in Sudan

COMESA Custom Union

COMESA Customs

Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD)

Arabic English

COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Agreement

EENI (School of International Business) Scholarships SUDAN

U-EENI University