EENI Global Business School
World Trade Organisation, Doha

Syllabus of the Subject: World Trade Organisation (WTO). Global Trading System

  1. Introduction to the World Trade Organisation (WTO)
  2. From the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) to the World Trade Organisation (WTO)
  3. Principles of the international trade system
  4. WTO agreements
    1. Tariffs
    2. Agriculture
    3. Standards and Safety
    4. Textiles
    5. Services
    6. Intellectual Property
    7. Anti-dumping
    8. Subsidies
    9. Non-tariff Barriers
  5. General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
  6. Agreement on International Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
  7. WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
  8. WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement)
  9. WTO Agreement on Preshipment Inspection
  10. WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)
  11. Regional Trade Agreements
  12. Environment and the World Trade Organisation (WTO)
  13. Investments and the WTO
  14. E-commerce
  15. Regionalism and the World Trade Organisation (WTO)
  16. Doha Agenda
  17. World International Trade Report

The objectives of the Subject “World Trade Organisation (WTO)” are the following:

  1. To understand the aims of the World Trade Organisation (WTO)
  2. To learn about the importance of the General Agreement on Trade in Services
  3. To understand the principles of the multilateral trading system
  4. To analyse the World Trade Organisation agreements (customs duties, agriculture, services, import licensing procedures) and its implications for the international trade
  5. To explore the customs valuation rules
  6. To know how to interpret the World Trade report of the WTO
The Subject “World Trade Organisationbelongs to the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:
  1. Masters: International Business, Foreign Trade and Marketing, International Relations
  2. Doctorate: World Trade

Online Students, Master in International Business and Foreign Trade

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorates in International Business in English or Study, Master in International Business in French Organisation mondiale du commerce (OMC) Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC)

Area of Knowledge: Globalisation.

Sample of the Subject - World Trade Organisation (WTO):
Trading System WTO

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Description of the Subject (World Trade Organisation)

In 1995 was created the World Trade Organisation (WTO) replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) (Created in 1948).

  1. The World Trade Organisation is the sole global body that regulates the International Trade in Goods and Services between 157 nations
  2. The main objective of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) is to facilitate the international trade in goods and services between the exporters and importers
  3. International trade tariff rates and open markets engagement are “bound” in the World Trade Organisation
  4. The negotiated agreements at the World Trade Organisation (WTO) by the member countries should be ratified in their parliaments

The World Trade Organisation defines the principles of the Foreign Trade System:

  1. Without discrimination: a nation should not differentiate between its trade partners (“most-favoured-nation” or MFN status), and it should not show favouritism between national and foreign products or services (“national treatment”)
  2. International Trade - More free: foreign trade barriers should be reduced or eliminated by negotiation
  3. International Trade - predictable: all the actors involved in the international trade (foreign companies, investors, and governments) should be convinced that foreign trade barriers (tariffs and non-tariff barriers) should not be elevated capriciously
  4. International Trade - more competitive: daunting “unfair” practices (export subsidies, dumping)
  5. International Trade - more profitable for Less Developed Countries

The General Agreement on International Trade in Services (GATS) is the sole ensemble of regulations ruling International Trade in Services.

Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

The General Agreement on International Trade in Services was negotiated at the Uruguay Round (1986-94) with the objective of regulating the immense international trade in services growth.

The International Trade in Services stand for the fastest growing sector of the global economy:

  1. 60% of global production
  2. 30% of global employment
  3. 20% of the global trade

The World Trade Organisation Agreement on International Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) was also negotiated at the Uruguay Round, introducing intellectual property regulations.

Samples - WTO

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (Master Doctorate)

Trade in Services

World Trade Organisation WTO, Master Doctorate

World Customs Organisation (Master, Courses)

The World Trade Organisation member states (with dates of membership).

Albania 2000
Angola 1996
Antigua and Barbuda 1995
Argentina 1995
Armenia 2003
Australia 1995
Austria 1995
Bahrain, the Kingdom of 1995
Bangladesh 1995
Barbados 1995
Belgium 1995
Belize 1995
Benin 1996
Bolivia 1995
"Botswana 1995
Brazil 1995
Brunei Darussalam 1995
Bulgaria 1996
Burkina Faso 1995
Burundi 1995
Cambodia 2004
Cameroon 1995
Canada 1995
Cape Verde 2008
Central African Republic 1995
Chad 1996
Chile 1995
People's Republic of China 2001
Colombia 1995
Republic of the Congo 1997
Costa Rica 1995
Ivory Coast 1995
Croatia 2000
Cuba 1995
Cyprus 1995
The Czech Republic 1995
Democratic Republic of the Congo 1997
Denmark 1995
Djibouti 1995
Dominica 1995
Dominican Republic 1995
Ecuador 1996
Egypt 1995
El Salvador 1995
Estonia 1999
The European Union (formerly European Communities) 1995
Fiji 1996
Finland 1995
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) 2003
France 1995
Gabon 1995
Gambia 1996
Georgia 2000
Germany 1995
Ghana 1995
Greece 1995
Grenada 1996
Guatemala 1995
Guinea 1995
Guinea-Bissau 1995
Guyana 1995
Haiti 1996
Honduras 1995
Hong Kong, China 1995

Hungary 1995
Iceland 1995
India 1995
Indonesia 1995
Ireland 1995
Israel 1995
Italy 1995
Jamaica 1995
Japan 1995
Jordan 2000
Kenya 1995
Korea, the Republic of 1995
Kuwait 1995
Kyrgyz Republic 1998
Latvia 1999
Lesotho 1995
Liechtenstein 1995
Lithuania 2001
Luxembourg 1995
Macau, China 1995
Madagascar 1995
Malawi 1995
Malaysia 1995
Maldives 1995
Mali 1995
Malta 1995
Mauritania 1995
Mauritius 1995
Mexico 1995
Moldova 2001
Mongolia 1997
Morocco 1995
Mozambique 1995
Myanmar 1995
Namibia 1995
Nepal 2004
Netherlands - For the Kingdom in Europe and for the Netherlands Antilles 1995
New Zealand 1995
Nicaragua 1995
Niger 1996
Nigeria 1995
Norway 1995
Oman 2000
Pakistan 1995
Panama 1997
Papua New Guinea 1996
Paraguay 1995
Peru 1995
Philippines 1995
Poland 1995
Portugal 1995
Qatar 1996
Romania 1995
Rwanda 1996
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1996
Saint Lucia 1995
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1995
Saudi Arabia 2005
Senegal 1995
Sierra Leone 1995
Singapore 1995
Slovakia 1995
Slovenia 1995
Solomon Islands 1996
South Africa 1995
Spain 1995
Sri Lanka 1995
Suriname 1995
Swaziland 1995
Sweden 1995
Switzerland 1995
Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) 2002
Tanzania 1995
Thailand 1995
Togo 1995
Tonga 2007
Trinidad and Tobago 1995
Tunisia 1995
Turkey 1995
Uganda 1995
Ukraine 2008
United Arab Emirates 1996
United Kingdom 1995
United States of America 1995
Uruguay 1995
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1995
Vietnam 2007
Zambia 1995
Zimbabwe 1995.

Observer governments

Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Comoros
Equatorial Guinea
Holy See (Vatican)
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lebanese Republic
Russian Federation
São Tomé and Príncipe

Website World Trade Organisation.

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