EENI Global Business School.

World Trade Organization, Doha


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Syllabus of the Subject: World Trade Organization (WTO). Global Trading System.

  1. Introduction to the World Trade Organization (WTO);
  2. From the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) to the World Trade Organization (WTO);
  3. Doha Agenda;
  4. Non-tariff Barriers;
  5. Trade Facilitation
    1. World Customs Organization (WCO);
    2. Revised Kyoto Convention (RKC);
    3. International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods (UNECE);
    4. Customs and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
  6. Regionalism and the World Trade Organization (WTO)
    1. Regional Trade Agreements.
  7. Environment and the World Trade Organization (WTO);
  8. Investments and the WTO;
  9. E-commerce;
  10. World International Trade Report;
  11. International Trade Centre (INTRACEN).

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

WTO Agreements.

  1. General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS);
  2. WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA);
  3. WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS);
  4. WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT);
  5. WTO Agreement on Preshipment Inspection (PSI);
  6. WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG);
  7. WTO Agreement on Customs Valuation;
  8. WTO Agreement on Rules of Origin;
  9. Tariffs;
  10. Agriculture;
  11. Standards and Safety;
  12. Textiles;
  13. Agreement on International Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS);
  14. Anti-dumping.

Sample:
Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Globalization and International Organizations

The objectives of the subject “World Trade Organization (WTO)” are the following:

  1. To understand the aims of the World Trade Organization (WTO);
  2. To learn about the importance of the General Agreement on Trade in Services;
  3. To understand the principles of the multilateral trading system;
  4. To analyze the World Trade Organization agreements (customs duties, agriculture, services, import licensing procedures) and its implications for the international trade;
  5. To explore the customs valuation rules;
  6. To know how to interpret the World Trade report of the WTO.

Sample:
World Trade Organization (WTO):
Trading System WTO

Foreign Trade (Importing, Exporting) Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Online Students, Master in International Business and Foreign Trade

The Subject “World Trade Organization” belongs to the following Online Higher Educational Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Masters (MIB): International Business, Foreign Trade.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB) - Online Education

Doctorate (DIB): World Trade.

Professional Doctorate in International Business (DIB). Online Education

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorate in International Business and Foreign Trade in English or Study, Course Master Doctorate in International Business in French Organization mondiale du commerce (OMC) Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC).

Area of Knowledge: Globalization.

Non-tariff Measures to Trade. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Sample:
Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) World Trade Organization (WTO)

World Trade Organization

In 1995 was created the World Trade Organization (WTO) replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) (Created in 1948).

  1. The World Trade Organization is the sole global body that regulates the International Trade in Goods and Services between 157 nations;
  2. The main objective of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is to facilitate the international trade in goods and services between the exporters and importers;
  3. International Trade tariff rates and open markets engagement are “bound” in the World Trade Organization;
  4. The negotiated agreements at the World Trade Organization (WTO) by the member countries should be ratified in their parliaments.

The World Trade Organization defines the principles of the Foreign Trade System:

  1. Without discrimination: a nation should not differentiate between its trade partners (“most-favoured-nation” or MFN status), and it should not show favoritism between national and foreign products or services (“national treatment”);
  2. International Trade - More free: foreign trade barriers should be reduced or eliminated by negotiation;
  3. International Trade - predictable: all the actors involved in International Trade (foreign companies, investors, and governments) should be convinced that foreign trade barriers (tariffs and non-tariff barriers) should not be elevated capriciously;
  4. International Trade - more competitive: daunting “unfair” practices (export subsidies, dumping);
  5. International Trade - more profitable for Less Developed Countries.

Market Access - Free Trade Agreements (FTA). Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

The General Agreement on International Trade in Services (GATS) is the sole ensemble of regulations ruling International Trade in Services.

Non-tariff Measures.

  1. Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT);
  2. Non-automatic Import licensing, quotas and prohibitions;
  3. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS);
  4. Safeguards;
  5. Preshipment Inspection.

Sample:
World Customs Organization (Master, Courses)

The General Agreement on International Trade in Services was negotiated at the Uruguay Round (1986-94) with the objective of regulating the immense international trade in services growth.

The International Trade in Services stand for the fastest growing sector of the global economy:

  1. 60% of global production;
  2. 30% of global employment;
  3. 20% of the global trade.

The World Trade Organization Agreement on International Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) was also negotiated at the Uruguay Round, introducing intellectual property regulations.

Website World Trade Organization.

Sample:
Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment (World Trade Organization)

The World Trade Organization member states: Albania, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Estonia, Eswatini (Swaziland), European Union, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyz Republic, Laos, Latvia, Lesotho, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of the Congo, Russian Federation, Romania, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

Countries in process of accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO): Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belarus, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Comoros, Curacao, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Holy See (Vatican), Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Libya, Uzbekistan, Syria, São Tomé and Príncipe, Serbia, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, East Timor, Yemen.

Governments with observer status: Algeria, Andorra, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Belarus, Bhutan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Comoros, Curacao, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Uzbekistan, Syrian Arab Republic, Lebanese Republic, Holy See, Sao Tome and Principe, Serbia, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, East Timor, Turkmenistan.

Non-member country: North Korea.

Sample:
Trade in Services

Sample:
World Trade Organization WTO, Master Doctorate

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