EENI Global Business School
Business in Uruguay, Montevideo

Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in Uruguay - Montevideo

  1. Introduction to the Oriental Republic of Uruguay (South America)
  2. Uruguayan Economy
  3. Doing Business in Montevideo
  4. Uruguayan foreign trade (Import, Export)
    1. Export and import formalities
  5. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Uruguay
  6. Key Uruguayan Sectors:
    1. Industry
    2. Food products
    3. Information and communication technology
    4. Tourism
    5. Financial services
  7. Case Study:
    1. Eastern Forest
    2. Cristalpet
  8. Access to the Uruguayan Market
  9. Business Plan for Uruguay

The aims of the Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in the Oriental Republic of Uruguay” are the following:

  1. To analyse the Uruguayan Economy and Foreign Trade (Import, Export, FDI)
  2. To know the business opportunities in the Oriental Republic of Uruguay
  3. To explore the Uruguayan trade relations with the country of the student
  4. To know the Uruguayan Free Trade Agreements
  5. To examine the profile of Uruguayan Companies
  6. To develop a business plan for the Uruguayan Market
The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Uruguaybelongs to the following Online Higher Education Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:
  1. Masters: Business in America, International Business, Foreign Trade
  2. Doctorates: American Business, World Trade
  3. Diploma: Business in South America

Online Student (Master International Business Foreign Trade)

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorates in International Business in English (or Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish Uruguay Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Uruguai Study, Master in International Business in French Uruguay)

  1. Credits of the Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Uruguay”: 1 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: one week

Sample of the Subject - Doing Business in Uruguay:
Uruguay Import Procedures

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Description of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in Uruguay

Uruguayan Preferential Access and Free Trade Agreements

  1. Uruguay and the Latin American Economic Area
  3. The Oriental Republic of Uruguay has bilateral Free Trade Agreements with Mexico and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
  4. MERCOSUR Free Trade Agreements (FTA): Andean Community, Mexico, Peru, Chile, India, Egypt, Israel, European Union, Southern African Customs Union (SACU)
  5. Andean Community (associate member)
  6. Latin American Integration Association (ALADI)
  7. Union of South American Nations (UNASUR)
  8. Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
  9. Central American Integration System (SICA) (observer country)

Trade Facilitation Programs

  1. World Trade Organisation (WTO)
    1. WTO Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS)
    2. WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS)
    3. WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT)
    4. WTO Agreement on Preshipment Inspection (PSI)
    5. WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)
    6. WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)
  2. World Customs Organisation (WCO)
    1. Revised Kyoto Convention (RKC)
  3. TIR Convention (Road Transport, IRU)

Uruguayan Economy (Master, Course)

American Trade and Economic Organisations

  1. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)
  2. Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC)
  3. Summit South American-Arab Countries (ASPA)
  4. Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
  5. Organisation of American States (OAS)
  6. Africa-South America Summit (ASA)
  7. Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
    1. European Union-CELAC Summit

Global Economic Organisations

  1. United Nations (UN)
    1. Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
    2. International Trade Centre (INTRACEN)
    3. World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)
  2. World Bank (WB)
  3. International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  4. Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (observer country)

The Oriental Republic of Uruguay

  1. Uruguay is a gateway and the geographical centre of the MERCOSUR (295 million people)
  2. Uruguay is the political and financial centre of South America
  3. The Headquarters of the MERCOSUR and the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI) are in Montevideo
  4. Uruguay has a long political and economic stability
  5. According to “The Economist,” Uruguay is considered as the most democratic Latin American Economy
  6. Uruguay has an established a political party system and is the first country in Latin America, along with Chile, with the less Corruption Perceptions Index (“Transparency International”)
  7. According to the United Nations Development Programme, Uruguay is the third country in Latin America (after Argentina and Chile), with the highest Human Development Index; 98% of the Uruguayan population has access to drinking water and electricity
  8. Borders of Uruguay: Brazil and Argentina
  9. Uruguayan Population: 3.3 million people
  10. Area of Uruguay: 176,215 square kilometres
  11. Capital of Uruguay: Montevideo
  12. Uruguayan currency is the peso (UYU)
  13. The official language of Uruguay is Spanish
  14. Uruguay is administratively divided into nineteen departments
  15. Abolition of Slavery in Uruguay: 1842
  16. African Diaspora in Uruguay: 0.1 million people (4% of the Uruguayan population)

The main religion in Uruguay is Christianity (2.3 million Catholics)

Uruguay belongs to the Latin American Economic Area of the Western Civilisation

Uruguayan Economy

  1. The economic activity has augmented considerably within a context marked by the inflation under control and public sector accounts in line with the objectives of the Government of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay
  2. Twelve years of the economic growth (3.5%)
  3. The Uruguayan services sector (financial, logistics and transport, and communications) has grown considerably in the recent years
  4. We must emphasise the significant information technology (IT) growth, including the software development and related services
  5. Manufacturing growth (opening of a pulp mill)
  6. Uruguayan currency: Peso (UYU). Flexible exchange rate

Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, is geographically the main Maritime cargo route of the MERCOSUR, the integration axis with Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay to be within the influence area of almost 200 million people, with the highest gross domestic product per capita in Latin America.

Mexico-Uruguay Free Trade Agreement

Foreign Trade of Uruguay.

  1. Uruguay is the largest software exporter per capita in Latin America and third in absolute terms
  2. Uruguay is eminently an agricultural export economy
  3. Uruguayan exports rose 2.5%, and imports saw a drop of 8.6%, which led to a positive net external balance
  4. The largest Uruguayan export product is soy (67 million dollars), accounting for 21% of the exports from Uruguay
  5. The Oriental Republic of Uruguay has diversified its exports destination
  6. Main Uruguayan export destinations are the Free Zone of Nueva Palmira, Brazil (15%), Russia (7%), and Argentina (7%)
  7. Brazil is the second-largest export destination, the main exported products barley malt (17.6%) and whole milk powder (11.5%)
  8. Uruguayan private sector has grown at a sustained speed
  9. Foreign direct investment (FDI) reached a historical record

Uruguayan Free Zones.

  1. The promotion and development of free zones to the foreign direct investment (FDI) encouragement, exports, employment, and international economic integration have been declared of national interest by law.
  2. There are now free zones in Colonia, Nueva Palmira, Montevideo, Florida, Rivera, Black River, New Helvetia, and Freedom

Samples - Business in Uruguay

Peru-MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay) Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Egypt-MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay) Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

MERCOSUR (Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay) Common External Tariff

European Union-MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay) Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela

Mexico-MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay) Free Trade Agreement

India-MERCOSUR Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA)

Andean Community-MERCOSUR (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay) Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

(c) EENI Global Business School (1995-2021)
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