Sub-subject: Leo Tolstoy (Orthodox, Russia, Ahimsa). Syllabus:
“The Kingdom of God is within you”
Sample of the Sub-subject: Leo Tolstoy
Sub-Subject Description: Leo Tolstoy (Russian Orthodox):
The Russian writer Leo Tolstoy was born in Russia in 1828 and died in 1910. He is considered one of the greatest novelists of all time: “Anna Karenina,” “War and Peace,” or “The Brothers Karamazov.”
“Law of love was present in all religions in the World.”
In his book “The Kingdom of God is within you” (1894) - was censored in Russia, and had to be published in Germany-, will be one of the key works of the principle of non-violence, and will have a significant influence on other spiritual leaders like Mahatma Gandhi or Martin Luther King, Jr.
The conclusions of this work are the culmination of thirty years of “Christian anarchist” thinking of Tolstoy and establish a new organisation of society based on a literal Christian interpretation, especially in non-violence.
The book's title is borrowed from Luke 17:21. In the book, Tolstoy speaks of the principle of non-violent resistance when a person faced with violence, as taught by Jesus Christ.
“How can kill people, when it is written in God's commandment: 'Thou shall not kill'?” Tolstoy
According to his ethics, any Government involved in a war is against Christian principles.
Tolstoy criticises the Russian Orthodox Church by the absolute symbiosis with the State.
Influence of Tolstoy in Gandhi
In his autobiography “The Story of My Experiments with Truth,” Gandhi recognised the enormous influence that “The Kingdom of God is within you” had in his vision of Ahimsa. In 1908, Tolstoy wrote to Gandhi his famous “Letter to a Hindu”:
“Just by using love as a weapon of passive resistance will allow the native Indian people overthrow the colonial British Empire.”
Premonitory words, which will become a reality under the Leadership of Gandhi in his struggle for the long and peaceful independence of India. Both leaders continued to be written until Tolstoy's death in 1910. Gandhi chose the name “Tolstoy Colony” to his second ashram in South Africa.
A Christian spiritual leader inspires a Hinduism spiritual leader.
Tolstoy also maintained correspondence with North American Quakers and surely influenced them in the implementation of non-violence to George Fox, William Penn and Jonathan Dymond.