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Doing Business in Macedonia



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Syllabus of the Subject - Foreign Trade and Business in Macedonia. Skopje.

  1. Introduction to the Republic of Macedonia (Southeast Europe, Balkans);
  2. Macedonian Economy;
  3. Doing Business in Skopje;
  4. Macedonian International Trade
    1. Access to the Pan-European Corridor IX.
  5. Foreign Direct Investment in Macedonia;
  6. Access to the Macedonian Market;
  7. Business Plan for Macedonia.

The objectives of the subject “International Trade and Business in” Macedonia” are the following:

  1. To analyze the Macedonian Economy and International Trade;
  2. To know the business opportunities in the Macedonian Market;
  3. To analyze the trade relations of Macedonia with the country of the student;
  4. To know the Macedonian Free Trade Agreements;
  5. To develop a business plan for the Macedonian Market.

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)-Macedonia Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Online Course Business in CEFTA Countries

Online Student Master in International Business

The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Macedonia” belongs to the following Online Higher Educational Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Doctorate (DIB): European Business, World Trade.

Professional Doctorate in International Business (DIB). Online Education

Masters (MIB): International Business, Foreign Trade.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB) - Online Education

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorate in International Business and Foreign Trade in English + Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Macedonia Study, Course Master Doctorate in International Business in French Macedoine Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Macedónia.

  1. Credits of the Subject “International Trade and Business in” Macedonia”: 1 ECTS;
  2. Duration: one week.

Macedonia, Masters, Doctorate, Courses, International Business, Foreign Trade Version of the Doctorate / Master adapted to the Macedonian Students.

Foreign Trade and Business in Macedonia

Market Access - Free Trade Agreements (FTA). Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Macedonian Preferential Access and Free Trade Agreements:

  1. Macedonia and the Orthodox Economic Area;
  2. Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA);
  3. Central European Initiative (CEI);
  4. Regional Cooperation Council (RCC);
  5. Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC);
  6. Macedonia-European Union
    1. Stabilization and Accession Agreement;
    2. European Union-Western Balkans;
    3. European Union Enlargement.
  7. Macedonia-EFTA States Free Trade Agreement (FTA);
  8. Macedonia-Ukraine Free Trade Agreement (FTA);
  9. Macedonia-Turkey Free Trade Agreement (FTA);
  10. United Kingdom-Macedonia Free Trade and Economic Integration Agreement.

Trade Relations European Union-Western Balkans: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement. Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Trade Facilitation Programs.

  1. World Trade Organization (WTO)
    1. WTO General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS);
    2. WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS);
    3. WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT);
    4. WTO Agreement on Preshipment Inspection (PSI);
    5. WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG);
    6. WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA).
  2. International Bureau of Containers and Intermodal Transport (BIC);
  3. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO, Chicago Convention);
  4. International Maritime Organization (IMO)
    1. International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC);
    2. Convention Relating to Temporary Admission (Istanbul Convention).
  5. Customs Convention on Containers (CCC, UN) - not a member;
  6. Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail (COTIF);
  7. International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods (UNECE);
  8. International Road Transport Union (IRU)
    1. TIR Convention;
    2. Guidelines on Safe Load Securing for Road Transport.
  9. International Chamber of Commerce (ICC);
  10. Is not a member of the World Customs Organization (WCO)
    1. Revised Kyoto Convention (RKC).

TIR Convention, Customs Convention on the International Transport of Goods, Cover TIR Carnets

European Trade and Economic Organizations:

  1. Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE);
  2. Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Globalization and International Organizations

Global Organizations:

  1. United Nations (UN)
    1. Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD);
    2. International Trade Centre (INTRACEN);
    3. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
  2. World Bank (WB);
  3. World Trade Organization (WTO);
  4. International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, and Kosovo

The Republic of Macedonia

  1. Macedonian Capital: Skopje;
  2. Official Language of Macedonia: Macedonian;
  3. Macedonian Area: 25,713 square kilometers;
  4. Macedonian Population: 2.1 million people;
  5. Type of Government: Parliamentary Republic;
  6. Macedonia is a landlocked country;
  7. Borders of Macedonia: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Kosovo and Serbia;
  8. Independence of Macedonia: 1992 (Yugoslavia).

Religion in Macedonia: Orthodoxy (Christianity).

  1. Islam: 25%.

Macedonia belongs to the Orthodox Economic Area

Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate): Orthodox Christianity, Ethics and Global Business

European Union Enlargement: Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, Kosovo and Turkey

Macedonian Economy.

  1. The Republic of Macedonia has experienced one of the highest economic growth rates in Europe with an average of 4% (even during the political crisis) making it comparable to countries like Romania or Poland;
  2. Greece is one of the main investors in Macedonia;
  3. Macedonian GDP (nominal): 10,198 million dollars;
    1. Agriculture: 10%;
    2. Industry: 25%;
    3. Services: 65%.
  4. GDP per capita of Macedonia: 4,461 dollars;
  5. Currency of Macedonia: Macedonian Denar;
  6. Macedonia is an official candidate country for access to the European Union;
  7. Macedonia has demonstrated in the recent years a very strong commitment to the economic reforms, the principles of free trade and regional integration;
  8. Macedonia has the best Index of Economic Freedom in the region;
  9. Top Macedonian Industries: foods, beverages, textiles, chemical products, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceutical products.

Trans-European Transport Network Corridors (Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Italy)

Foreign Trade (Importing, Exporting) Online Education (Courses, Masters, Doctorate)

Macedonian Foreign Trade.

  1. The main Macedonian Exports are foods, beverages, tobacco, textiles, manufactures, iron, steel, automotive parts, buses;
  2. Top Macedonian exports destinations: Germany (33%), Kosovo, Bulgaria, Greece 4.5%;
  3. The main Macedonian Imports are machinery and equipment, cars, chemical products, fuels, food products;
  4. The main suppliers of Macedonia are Germany (16%), the United Kingdom, Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria, Turkey.


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