EENI Global Business School
Business in El Salvador

Syllabus of the Subject: Foreign Trade and Business in El Salvador

  1. Introduction to the Republic of El Salvador (Central America)
  2. Salvadoran Economy
  3. International Trade (Import, Export) of El Salvador
  4. Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in El Salvador
  5. Doing Business in San Salvador
  6. Case Study: Business Opportunities in El Salvador
    1. Services
    2. Textiles
    3. Agribusiness
    4. Tourism
    5. Electronics
    6. Medical Devices
  7. Case Study: Salvadoran Companies
    1. SYKES
    2. Pettenati
    3. Calvo Group
    4. Aeroman
    5. Decameron
  8. Access to the Salvadoran Market
  9. Business Plan for El Salvador

The objectives of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in the Republic of El Salvador” are the following:

  1. To analyse the Salvadoran Economy and Foreign Trade (Import, Export, FDI)
  2. To know the business opportunities in El Salvador
  3. To explore the Salvadoran trade relations with the country of the student
  4. To know the Salvadoran Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)
  5. To examine the profile of Salvadoran Companies
  6. To develop a business plan for the Salvadoran Market

Sample - Doing Business in El Salvador:
International Trade and Business in El Salvador

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The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in El Salvador” belongs to the following Online Higher Educational Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:
  1. Masters: Business in America, International Business, Foreign Trade, Pacific
  2. Doctorates: American Business, World Trade
  3. Course: Business in Central America

Online Student (Master International Business Foreign Trade)

Learning materials in Courses, Masters, Doctorates in International Business in English or Study Master Doctorate Business in Spanish El Salvador Study, Master in International Business in French Salvador

  1. Credits of the subject “Foreign Trade and Business in El Salvador”: 1 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: one week

Description: Foreign Trade and Business in El Salvador

Central American Integration System (SICA), e-Course

Foreign Trade Facilitation. TFA Agreement. Customs. Payments. Global Supply Chain

Association of Caribbean States (ACS) Caribbean Expanded Economic Space

The Republic of El Salvador.

  1. El Salvador occupies an area of 21,041 square kilometres in North of Central America
  2. Population of El Salvador: 6.3 million people, the highest population density in Latin America
  3. The borders of El Salvador are Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua
  4. Salvadoran Capital: San Salvador
  5. The official language of El Salvador is Spanish and Mayan languages
  6. El Salvador gained the independence from Spain in 1821
  7. Abolition of Slavery in El Salvador: 1824

The main religion in El Salvador is Christianity (6.7 million people).

  1. Catholics: 5.3 million people

El Salvador belongs to the Western Civilisation - Latin American Economic Area

Economy of El Salvador

Economy of El Salvador.

  1. El Salvador is situated in a strategic position in Central America, which gives it advantaged access to the largest Latin American and the United States markets
  2. The main sectors contributing to the economic growth were agriculture and services (telecommunications, transportation, and banking)
  3. Salvadoran gross domestic product: 22,114 million dollars
  4. The recent global economic crisis has led to slower growth of the Salvadoran economy, but the impact has been less than in other Central American Countries
  5. The Salvadoran currency is the U.S. Dollar (USD)
  6. Since 2001, the Republic of El Salvador is a dollarised economy (absence of currency risk), the economy of El Salvador presented the lowest inflation and interest rate in Latin America
  7. The Republic of El Salvador ranks as the fourth most transparent country in Latin America (Transparency International)
  8. The rating agency Moody has been giving “investment grade” to El Salvador since 1997.
  9. The Macroeconomics stability in El Salvador allowed closing with a 4.7% economic growth rate of the gross domestic product
  10. The inflation in El Salvador has decreased since the 90 until reaching a rate of 4.9%, the lowest rate at the regional level
  11. This is a result of the reforms that the Government of El Salvador implemented in 1989, with the goal of stabilising an economy to attract the foreign direct investment: deregulation of fuels, fiscal reforms, international trade barriers elimination, public finances strengthening, financial system reforms, monetary integration policy, which stipulates that the United States dollar is the official currency of El Salvador since the law came into effect
  12. The aforementioned has led El Salvador to obtain the recognition from prestigious international entities that have distinguished El Salvador for its economic stability, ease of doing business, and competitiveness, among other aspects

Salvadoran Companies.

  1. In 2001, after establishing an excellent business relationship with the Investment Promotion Agency, the Spanish Calvo Group, with a presence in five continents, decided to install its largest tuna processing factory in El Salvador. The new plant, built on the Pacific coast of the department of La Unión, in the eastern zone of El Salvador, provides jobs to 3,000 employees
  2. Pettenati is one of the largest textile companies in Brazil. Pettenati started operations in El Salvador in November 2008 like easiness to reach the United States Market taking advantage of Free Trade Agreements
  3. SYKES is a global leader providing customer contact management solutions and services in business process outsourcing (BPO) arena. In 2001 the company research Latin America and the Caribbean looking for a destination to install the contact centre. They found many of these factors in El Salvador and started operations in 2003. SYKES El Salvador has 1,400 employees

El Salvador Foreign Trade (Master, Course)

International Trade of El Salvador.

  1. The Foreign Trade of the Republic of El Salvador experienced a severe recession in 2009 (global economic crisis) affecting the external demand.
  2. Salvadoran imports: 7,254 million dollars
  3. The main export and import markets of the Republic of El Salvador: foreign trade with the largest trading partners, which are the markets with which El Salvador has signed Free Trade Agreements and the Central American Common Market accounted for 90% of the Salvadoran exports and 70% of its imports
  4. The main Salvadoran Export Markets are Taiwan (86%), Mexico (17%) and the Dominican Republic (7%)
  5. Top twenty-five Salvadorans export products account for 54% of the total exports: textiles (26%), agribusiness (11%), food, and beverages (4%), machinery (3%), paper products and cardboard (3%) and chemical industries (2%)
  6. Among the top twenty-five imported products are mining, textiles, agribusiness, chemical, food and beverages, machinery, mechanical and electrical equipment, plastic, and rubber manufacturing

PROESA, the Investment Promotion Agency of El Salvador, is the Government agency responsible to promote the foreign direct investment (FDI) in El Salvador.

El Salvador Pettenati

United States-Central America (Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, El Salvador, Nicaragua) Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Central American Common Market: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica

European Union-Central America (Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, El Salvador, Nicaragua) Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Colombia-Northern Triangle Free Trade Agreement

Taiwan-Honduras-El Salvador Agreement

Central America (Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, El Salvador, Nicaragua)-Panama Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

Chile-Central America (Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, El Salvador, Nicaragua) Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

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