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Syllabus of the Subject

Agreement on Safeguards (WTO SG) Trade



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Analysis of the WTO Agreement on Safeguards. The Sunset clause


  1. Introduction to the WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement)
  2. Safeguards measures in international trade
  3. Prohibition of grey area measures. The Sunset clause
  4. Safeguard investigation
  5. Analysis of the Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement)


The objectives of the subject “WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)” are the following:

  1. To understand the pillars of the WTO Agreement on Safeguards (SG)
  2. To know the process of application of a safeguard measure by a government
  3. An in-depth analysis of the Agreement on Safeguards (SG)

African Students (Masters, Courses, Foreign Trade, Business)


Non-tariff Measures to Trade


Any member of the WTO that needs to protect the domestic industry can temporarily restrict the imports of a product that could cause a considerable harm to the local manufacturers.

Sample - Agreement on Safeguards (SG):
Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement) of the WTO

When a government applies this type of non-tariff measures, it is applying a safeguard measure.

The WTO regulates this type of measures through the Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement).

The Agreement on Safeguards (SG) also prohibits the grey area measures (bilateral agreements between governments) and establishes the Sunset clause.

The Agreement on Safeguards (SG Agreement) is composed of fourteen articles and covers topics such as: application of safeguard measures, investigation, examination, duration of the measure, concession, surveillance or dispute settlement.

A company, or a certain sector, can ask its government for the temporary application of a safeguard measure.

It is important to note that the application of a safeguard measure can never go against the imports of a country .

The application of a safeguard measure implies that the government that implements it must offer something in return.

Contingent trade-protective measures (Anti-dumping Measures, Safeguards)

Non-tariff measures:

  1. Technical Barriers to Trade. Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade
  2. Pre-shipment Inspection. Agreement on Preshipment Inspection
  3. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
  4. GATS
  5. Agreement on Sanitary Measures
  6. Non-automatic Import licensing, quotas and prohibitions

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement

Customs and WTO.


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