EENI Global Business School

Business in Puerto Rico. Puerto Rican Economy



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Syllabus of the Subject

Puerto Rican Foreign Trade, Business in San Juan (US Puerto Rico)

  1. Introduction to the Free Associated State of Puerto Rico (Commonwealth of Puerto Rico): the most important regional hub in the Caribbean
  2. Business in San Juan
  3. Puerto Rican Economy
  4. Puerto Rican Foreign Trade
  5. Business Opportunities in Puerto Rico
  6. Access to the Puerto Rican market
  7. Business Plan for Puerto Rico

The objectives of the subject «Doing Business in Puerto Rico» are the following:

  1. To analyze the Puerto Rican Economy and Global Trade
  2. To explore the Business Opportunities in Puerto Rico
  3. To analyze the trade relations of Puerto Rico with the country of the student
  4. To know the Trade Agreements of Puerto Rico
  5. To develop a business plan for the Puerto Rican market

International Trade and Business in Puerto Rico:
United States Free Trade Agreements

Continuing education (International Trade & Business)

The Subject «Foreign Trade and Business in Puerto Rico» belongs to the following Online Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Masters: International Business, Foreign Trade.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB)

Doctorate: World Trade.

Doctorate in International Business (DIB) Online

Languages Masters, Doctorate, International Business, English (Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Puerto Rico Study Doctorate in International Business in French Porto Rico Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Porto Rico).

Foreign Trade and Business in the Caribbean (CARICOM) and Cuba

Foreign Trade and Business in the U.S.

International Trade and Business in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico is a free state associated to the U.S. created in 1952

  1. Puerto Rican capital: San Juan (the Caribbean metropolis)
    1. San Juan has the highest quality of life index in Hispanic America
    2. Urban Train: passenger train service between various points in the San Juan Metropolitan Area
  2. Main Puerto Rican cities: San Juan, Bayamón, Carolina, Ponce, Caguas, Guaynabo, Arecibo, Toa Baja, Mayagüez and Trujillo Alto
  3. Main Islands: Vieques, Mona and Culebra
  4. Puerto Rico does not share land borders with any country
  5. Nearest countries to Puerto Rico by sea: Haiti, the British Virgin Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Montserrat and Dominican Republic
  6. Puerto Rico is 1,600 km South-east of Miami (Florida)
  7. Area of Puerto Rico: 9.104 km²
  8. Puerto Ricans have had U.S. citizenship since 1917
  9. Population of Puerto Rico: 3.6 million people
    1. Puerto Rican Population density: 390 inhabitants / km²
    2. 12% of the population has an African origin (African Diaspora) the rest is white and mixed
  10. The first official language of Puerto Rico is Spanish
    1. English (second official language) is barely spoken by 10% of the population
  11. Abolition of Slavery in Puerto Rico: 1873
  12. Climate of Puerto Rico: tropical
  13. 1493: discovery by the Spanish (Isla de San Juan Bautista)
  14. 1987: Spanish province
  15. 1898:
    1. Spanish-American war
    2. Independence from Spain (with Cuba and Philippines)
    3. Colonization of Puerto Rico by the U.S.
  16. Government type: free state associated to the U.S. with self-government status
  17. Puerto Rico has its own constitution (only for domestic affairs)

Main religion in Puerto Rico: Christianity (Catholicism)

Christianity and Global Business (Catholicism, Protestantism)

Puerto Rico belongs to the Caribbean Economic Area and the North American Economic area of Western Civilization.

Foreign Trade and Business in Antigua Barbuda, Caribbean


Puerto Rican Economy

  1. The Puerto Rican economy is one of the largest in Hispanic America
  2. GDP Puerto Rican: 103.134 million dollars
  3. GDP per capita of Puerto Rico: 32.063 Dollars;
    1. It is the highest nominal GDP per capita in Hispanic America
  4. World Bank Ranking: Non-OECD high-income economy
  5. Public debt: 103% of the Puerto Rican GDP
  6. Tourism is one of the pillars of the Puerto Rican economy
  7. San Juan is an important centre of international events
  8. Important growth of the financial sector and the aeronautical industry
  9. Important pharmaceutical industry
    1. Presence of pharmaceutical multinationals (Merck, Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson, Novartis, GlaxoSmithKline..
  10. Puerto Rico does not have sufficient natural resources
  11. Main agricultural products: sugar cane, coffee, pineapple, banana, chickens
  12. Investment Code: Puerto Rico Investment Promotion Act of 2011
  13. September 2017: serious economic consequences caused by Hurricane Maria
  14. Puerto Rico currency: United States dollar (USD)
  15. Puerto Rico does not have its own Internet Code

Global Transport and Logistics

International Transport and Logistics in Puerto Rico:

  1. Main seaports:
    1. Port of San Juan: it is the busiest port in the Caribbean and the tenth most active in the U.S.
    2. Port of the Americas in Ponce (major expansion project to increase the cargo capacity for twenty-foot Containers)
    3. Port Mayagüez: It is the third largest cargo port in Puerto Rico. Connection with the Dominican Republic
  2. 14.400 Kilometers of paved roads
    1. Puerto Rico has several highways (free and paid)
  3. Port of Ponce railway
  4. Puerto Rico has three international airports: San Juan, Ponce and Aguadilla
    1. Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport (Carolina): It is the largest air transport centre in the Caribbean
    2. Mercedita Airport (Ponce)
    3. Rafael Hernández Airport (Aguadilla), and 27 local airports

Foreign Trade (Importing, Exporting)

Puerto Rican Foreign Trade

  1. Main Exports of Puerto Rico: pharmaceuticals products, chemicals, electronics, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment, tuna, clothing.
  2. Main export markets of Puerto Rico: the U.S., Belgium, Netherlands, Italy and Spain
  3. Main imports of Puerto Rico: chemicals products, machinery, food, petroleum products, clothing, fish
  4. Largest providers of Puerto Rico: the U.S., Ireland, Singapore, Switzerland and South Korea

Market Access - Free Trade Agreements

Economic Organizations to which Puerto Rico belongs under the tutelage of the U.S.

Puerto Rico is an associate member to the ECLAC.

Puerto Rico is an associate member to the OAS.

  1. US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA)
  2. Latin American countries: Chile, Colombia, Peru, Central America-Dominican Republic (CAFTA-DR), Panama, the Caribbean Basin Initiative, and the Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement (HOPE) Act (Haiti)
  3. Asian countries: South Korea, Australia, Singapore, and the ASEAN
  4. European countries: EU (Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership)
  5. Arab countries: Bahrain, Oman, Jordan, and Morocco
  6. African countries: AGOA, agreements with the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), East African Community (EAC), and Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA)
  7. Agreement with Israel
  8. APEC

Puerto Rican Preferential Access and Trade Agreements:

  1. Puerto Rico and the Caribbean Economic Area / North American Economic Area
  2. Caribbean Community (CARICOM) (observer member)
    1. CARIFORUM-EU Agreement
    2. Colombia-CARICOM Agreement (Puerto Rico)
    3. Free Trade Agreement CARICOM-Dominican Republic
    4. Costa Rica-CARICOM Agreement (Puerto Rico)
  3. As an Associated Free State, Puerto Rico is beneficiary of all the Free Trade Agreements of the U.S.

Sample:
Caribbean Community CARICOM (Single Market and Economy). Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica...

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement


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