EENI Global Business School

Business in Lebanon. Lebanese Foreign Trade

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Syllabus of the Subject

Lebanese Economy. Doing Business in Lebanon (Beirut) Nayla Hayek

  1. Introduction to the Lebanese Republic (Middle East)
  2. Business in Beirut
  3. Lebanese economy
  4. Lebanese International Trade
    1. Lebanese Customs Administration
  5. Business Opportunities in Lebanon:
    1. Agro-industry
    2. Industry
    3. Information Technology
    4. BPO
    5. Telecommunication
    6. Tourism
    7. Media and film industry
  6. Investment in Lebanon
    1. Investment Development Authority of Lebanon (IDAL)
  7. Case Study:
    1. Nayla Hayek
    2. Ayah Bdeir
    3. Lebanese largest companies
    4. INDEVCO
  8. Access to the Lebanese market
  9. Business Plan for Lebanon

International Trade and Business in Lebanon
International Trade and Business in Lebanon

The objectives of the subject “International Trade and Business in the Lebanese Republic” are the following:

  1. To analyze the Lebanese Economy and Global Trade
  2. To identify business opportunities in the Lebanese Republic
  3. To explore the Lebanese trade relations with the student's country
  4. To know the Lebanese Trade Agreements
  5. To examine the profile of Lebanese companies
  6. To develop a business plan for the Lebanese market

Online Student Master in International Business

The Subject “Foreign Trade and Business in Lebanon” belongs to the following Online Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Masters: International Business, Foreign Trade.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB)

Doctorate: Islamic Business, World Trade.

Doctorate in International Business (DIB) Online

Lebanon, Master, Doctorate, International Business, Foreign Trade Master in International Business for Lebanese Students.

Languages: Masters, Doctorate, International Business, English or Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Libano Study Doctorate in International Business in French Liban.

  1. Credits of the subject “Doing Business in Lebanon”: 2 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: two weeks

Foreign Trade and Business in the Middle East

Market Access - Free Trade Agreements

Lebanese Preferential Access and Trade Agreements:

  1. Lebanon and the Arab Economic Area
  2. Greater Arab Free-Trade Area (GAFTA)
  3. EU-Lebanon Agreement
    1. Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
  4. Trade Agreements with Turkey, Syria, Kuwait, Egypt..
  5. UK-Lebanon Agreement
  6. EFTA-Lebanon Agreement
  7. Islamic Trade Preferential System

European Union-Lebanon Association Agreement

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement

  1. WTO (in process of accession)
  2. Customs Convention on Containers
  3. International Maritime Organization
    1. Istanbul Convention - not a member
  4. Hamburg Rules (Sea)
  5. CIM & CIT Rules (Rail)
  6. COTIF Convention (Rail)
  7. BIC
  8. Chicago Convention (ICAO)
  9. IRU
    1. TIR Convention
    2. Guidelines on Safe Load Securing for Road Transport
  10. Is not a member of the WCO
    1. Kyoto Convention

Islamic Organizations. Arab League

  1. Arab League
  2. Summit of South American-Arab Countries
  3. Asia-Middle East Dialogue
  4. Islamic Development Bank
  5. Economic Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
  6. OIC
    1. Committee for Economic Cooperation
    2. Islamic Chamber of Commerce
    3. Islamic Centre for Development of Trade
  7. Afro-Arab Cooperation
  8. BADEA
  9. Arab Development Funds
  10. Arab Trade Financing Programme

Globalization and International Organizations

  1. UN
  2. WB
  3. WTO
  4. IMF

  1. With 5.8 million people, Lebanon has 75% of Muslim population and 25% of Christians
  2. The Lebanese Republic shares borders with Syria and Israel
  3. Arab and French are the official languages in Lebanon
  4. The capital of the Lebanese Republic is Beirut (1.8 million people), an important regional foreign trade Port
  5. The main Lebanese cities are Beirut, Baabda, Saida, Baalbek, Zahle, Tripoli, and Nabatiyeh
  6. The headquarters of the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) are in Beirut (Lebanon)
  7. Independence of Lebanon: 1946 (from France)
  8. Lebanese Government: Parliamentary Democracy
  9. Area of Lebanon: 10,452 km²
  10. Human Development Index of Lebanon: 0.765

Religion in Lebanon.

  1. Islam Sunni is the main religion in Lebanon (75% population), the largest school of Islamic Jurisprudence is the Hanafi
  2. In Lebanon, there are about 1 million Maronites (Christians Catholics)
  3. Beirut is divided between Christian and Muslim areas

Islam and Global Business. Islamic Economic Areas

Christianity and Global Business (Catholicism, Protestantism)

Lebanon belongs to the Arab Economic Area.

Lebanese Economy.

  1. The Lebanese agricultural sector accounts for about 7% of the GDP
  2. The Lebanese industrial sector represents 22% of the GDP and the services sector 71% of the GDP, highlighting the financial and commercial sector
  3. Top Lebanese public companies: Middle East Airlines, Electricity of Lebanon, Water Company, TV Lebanon Tobacco Company, and the National Wheat and Beet
  4. Currency of Lebanon: Lebanese Pound (LBP)
  5. Unemployment Rate: 13%
  6. Labour Force in Lebanon: 1.6 million people

Nayla Hayek, Christian Orthodox Businesswoman. Chairwoman, Board of Directors Swatch Group (Lebanon)

Foreign Trade (Importing, Exporting)

International Trade of Lebanon.

  1. Major supplier of the Lebanese Republic: the U.S. (11%), China (9%), France (8%), Italy (7%), and Germany (6.3%)
  2. Major export destinations of the Republic of Lebanon: Switzerland, Iraq, Syria, and Saudi Arabia
  3. Machinery and electrical equipment accounted for 21% of the Lebanese exports, jewellery (13%), chemicals (11%), and food (7%)
  4. Top Lebanese imports: Mineral fuels (27%), machinery (12%), transport equipment (12%), and pharmaceutical products (4%)

INDEVCO Group Lebanon

Sample - Ayah Bdeir:
Ayah Bdeir, Muslim Businesswoman, Canada/Lebanon

EFTA-Lebanon Free Trade Agreement

(c) EENI Global Business School (1995-2024)
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