Sub-subject: Brazilian International Trade.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Brazil. Syllabus:
- Brazil in the global economy.
- The balance of payments of Brazil.
- Brazilian International Trade
- Expansion and Diversification of Brazilian trade.
- Regional Organisations.
- Brazil's international trade relations as a member of the MERCOSUR.
- Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Brazil.
- Case Study: Investment opportunities in the Port sector.
- Foreign Trade Africa-BRICS (Brazil)
Sample of the Sub-subject: Evolution of Brazilian foreign trade:
Sub-Subject Description: Brazil's International Trade.
International Trade of Brazil (South America) benefited from the more dynamism of the emerging economies since 2002, when it started a strategy of geographical
foreign trade diversification, increasing exports to Asia, the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR), Africa, and the Middle East.
- Brazil (BRICS Countries) also took advantage from commodities' price increases.
- China plays a key position in the Brazilian International Trade. China became the main destination of exports of Brazil, in the lead of the traditional
trade partners like the United States, Argentina or the Netherlands, representing 83% of commodities'
imports (special soybeans and iron ore).
- The United States, the MERCOSUR, and the European Union are the largest importers of products of Brazil.
- The process of accumulating foreign reserves has been widespread throughout Latin America, enabling important reduction on Brazil foreign vulnerability.
- Since 2007, Brazil has received a substantial foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow owing to investment grade rating.
- Foreign Direct Investment and stock market investments augmented up to 70% of the Brazilian foreign liabilities.
- Brazil jumped last year to the fifth place among largest destinations of foreign direct investment
- Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Brazil grew from USD 26 billion in 2009 to USD 48 billion.
- Only the United States (USD
228 billion), the People's Republic of China
(USD 106 billion), Hong Kong (USD 69 billion) and Belgium (USD 62 billion) received more foreign direct investment (FDI).
- The majority of FDI concentrated in the South and South-east Brazilian states (Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, and São Paulo).
- As 90% of international trade of Brazil is imported and exported through
Brazilian ports, the Brazil share of external trade flows is greatly dependent upon the efficiency of its port infrastructure and logistical systems.
- Port of Santos handles substantial volumes of all modalities of international cargo
and leads the ranking for general and containerised cargoes that usually entail higher value-added products.
Brazil is a member of:
- Andean Community (Partner country)
- Latin American Integration Association (ALADI)
- Union of South American Nations
- Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)